Wildfires, like any fire, need fuel. In the case of a wildfire, that fuel comes in the form of dead, dry, or diseased trees, and dry brush. The best way to prepare for a wildfire is to clear and remove old dry growth especially around your home or other important property. If you have questions or concerns contact any local or state parks and recreation authority.
Fighting Forest Fire
The Forest Service provides a training course to new employees before they are allowed on a fire. Unfortunately, this course is not available to most individuals. In the event that you are forced to fight a forest fire, the time tested method primarily used by wild-land firefighters is clearing brush and vegetation down to bare earth. The primary tools used for this task are shovels, Pulaskis, and McLeods. Providing a 1 foot wide section of fire line is sufficient for most areas with sparse vegetation. In areas with high grass or lots of dead brush a thicker line may be required in addition to trimming and removing flammable material on both sides of the fire line. Fire burns faster up hill, so if possible avoid building a fire line on steep slopes. After a fire has burned out an area, the black is a relatively safe place in the event that the fire jumps the line.