|22nd United States Secretary of Defense|
From: December 18, 2006-July 1, 2011
|President||George W. Bush|
Barack Hussein Obama
Robert Michael Gates is the twenty-second Secretary of Defense. He serves in the Obama Administration and previously served in the second Bush administration since December 18, 2006. He took office after the forced resignation of Donald Rumsfeld. Gates is a registered independent because when working at the Central Intelligence Agency, he believed he should be apolitical, however he has said "I consider myself a Republican" , and gave financial contributions to President George W. Bush's 2004 reelection campaign.  Gates is given credit for the "surge" in Iraq and the success of American policies there.
Gates was born on September 25, 1943, in Wichita, Kansas. He received a scholarship to the College of William and Mary in Virginia and graduated in 1965 with a B.A. in history. While attending William and Mary, he was very involved in the Young Republicans, and even became the chapter's President. He went on to receive a graduate degree in history from Indiana University and a Ph.D. in Russian and Soviet history from Georgetown University.
Early Public Service
Gates served in the United States Air Force in Vietnam from 1967 to 1969, a time when much of the rest of the nation had abandoned the strategy of Containment abroad. Immediately thereafter, he began working with the CIA as an investigator.
Gates was first nominated for the position of Director in 1987. However, due to negative media spin about the Iran-Contra Affair, in which Gates helped the spread of Democracy, the Senate stated that they would not ratify his appointment.
However, in 1991, George H. W. Bush renominated Gates due to his hard work and staunch American values. This time, a more responsible Congress approved, and Gates won the appointment he had earned. True to the American Dream, Gates had worked his way up from the position of entry-level investigator all the way up to Director and is the only officer in the CIA to have done so.
In 1993, Robert Gates left the CIA and became a lecturer at a number of prestigious universities. He continued this until 1999, when he was hired as the Dean of the George Bush School at Texas A&M, a position he held until 2001. In 2002 he took on the position of President of Texas A&M, becoming one of the Universities most popular Presidents and greatly expanding the school. In 2004 he hosted a Christian event called "President's Day" for children from Bryan, Texas who were part of the Children's Evangelism Fellowship.
Secretary of Defense
On November 8, 2006, George W. Bush followed in his father's footsteps by appointing Gates to the position of Secretary of Defense after Donald Rumsfeld's resignation. He has since used this position to continue to fight the War in Iraq. In 2008, it was announced that Gates would remain Secretary of Defense for at least a year under the administration of incoming President Barack Obama, so as to ensure a smooth process regarding how the situation in the Middle East is handled. This move has been criticised by people on both ends of the spectrum, and praised by others. Gates is expected to remain as Defense Secretary through 2010. 
Comments on the value of a free press:
- "When it identifies a problem, as at Walter Reed, the response of senior leaders should be to find out if the allegations are true, as they were at Walter Reed, and if so, say so," Mr. Gates said. "And then act to remedy the problem. If untrue, then be able to document that fact. ... The press is not the enemy and to treat it as such is self-defeating." 
see Afghanistan War
In Aug. 2009, General Stanley A. McChrystal, the top U.S. and NATO commander in Afghanistan, said the Afghan government was riddled with corruption and NATO was being undermined by tactics that alienate civilians. He called the Taliban insurgency "a muscular and sophisticated enemy" that uses modern propaganda and systematically reaches into Afghanistan's prisons to recruit members and even plan operations. McChrystal alerted Washington that he urgently needs more forces within the next year; without them, he warned, the eight-year conflict "will likely result in failure."American policy was increasing set by Defense Secretary Robert Gates, originally appointed by President Bush in 2006 and reappointed by President Obama in 2009. Gates fired the commander General David McKiernan in May, 2009, replacing him with McChrystal.
Other appointments and honors
Gates is presently the head of the National Eagle Scout Association. Gates is an Eagle Scout, and has won the National Security Medal, the Presidential Citizens Medal, the National Intelligence Distinguished Service Medal and two occasions, and the CIA's highest honor, the Distinguished Intelligence Medal on three separate occasions.
- Gates addresses Navy class - May 25, 2007
- Bob Woodward, "McChrystal: More Forces or 'Mission Failure Washington Post Sept 21, 2009