Nineteenth Amendment

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The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex.

Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.


This amendment was ratified in 1920, as advocates ("suffragettes") cited women's support of World War I to persuade President Woodrow Wilson to change his position from opposing this amendment to supporting it. Women could already vote in many areas of the country, but this amendment guaranteed the right, in violation of the principle of states' rights and in support of individual civil rights, a phenomenon further seen in civil rights legislation after the civil rights movement.

Opposition to this amendment, especially in the South, was very strong. Long after the Civil War, many southerners believed feminism had emerged as an offshoot of abolitionism. They also strongly believed that the suffragists challenged a precept deeply rooted in religion, law, and custom: the belief that women should be subordinate to men.[1]

References

Amendments to the Constitution of the United States of America

Bill of Rights:

  1. 1 - Freedom of speech, Freedom of the press, Freedom of religion, etc.
  2. 2 - Right to bear arms
  3. 3 - Quartering of soldiers
  4. 4 - Warrants
  5. 5 - Due process
  6. 6 - Right to a speedy trial
  7. 7 - Right by trial of a jury
  8. 8 - No cruel or unusual punishments
  9. 9 - Unenumerated rights
  10. 10 - Power to the people and states

  1. 11 - Immunity of states to foreign suits
  2. 12 - Revision of presidential election procedures
  3. 13 - Abolition of slavery
  4. 14 - Citizenship
  5. 15 - Racial suffrage
  6. 16 - Federal income tax
  7. 17 - Direct election to the United States Senate
  8. 18 - Prohibition of alcohol
  9. 19 - Women's suffrage
  10. 20 - Terms of the presidency
  11. 21 - Repeal of Eighteenth Amendment
  12. 22 - Limits the president to two terms
  13. 23 - Electoral College
  14. 24 - Prohibition of poll taxes
  15. 25 - Presidential disabilities
  16. 26 - Voting age lowered to 18
  17. 27 - Variance of congressional compensation
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