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King Henry Dies in Jerusalem

It was said that when King Henry the 4th of England would die, he would die in Jerusalem and in fact this is exactly what happens, but it hasn't happened in the way most people expected. In Westminster Abbey, ensconced in the Jerusalem Chamber, King Henry has passed away after a long illness. Medical historians cannot agree on what killed him but it was not pretty. His son, Henry the 5th is 26 years old and enthusiastic. If that frightens anyone, well, he will start up the 100 Years' War once again, He will do well enough but some of that will be due to beginners luck. [1] [2] [3]

My Take by Alex Shrugged
Henry the 5th has a strong personality and a talent for political negotiation. He will need those talents because the first couple of years in his reign he will have to deal with rebellion at home, but he will make it through that and strike at France to take back English lands. This will be a popular war and provide inspiration even into the modern age..."we band of brothers."[4] [5]

The Jews Meet the Christians in the Octagon!

Well... there is no octagon, but there is a debate being staged between Christians and Jews in Aragon, which is in modern Spain. The last time they had such a debate was in 1263 when Rabbi Moses ben Nachman was praised by the King of Aragon for his insightful arguments and was granted the prize money. There will be no prize money this year. The Jews will lose this debate because they are not coming to it with their best arguments. The Great Famine and the Black Death have made the Apocalypse seem near at hand but rather than face the fact that everyone wants a messiah and argue over what the requirements might be for one to show up... the Jews avoid the whole subject and lose the argument. [6] [7] [8]

My Take by Alex Shrugged
There is a fundamental shift in thinking going on here. It is difficult to describe but the way people reason things out has been changing. This has been a slow change until now. It is going to speed up considerably. The people of the 13th century were very optimistic so the things that were most important to them were different. There were certainly problems but they could trust that things would work themselves out. Now they lack the faith that the leadership has a handle on things so they are looking for someone to blame or someone to bail them out. [9]

The Annals of Korean History Begin

The world's longest lived dynasty has been keeping a diary and thus the longest continuous historical record of the Korean people. The Joeseon dynasty began long before this but the keeping of a diary or annal will begin this year. It will continue until 1865 and make up 1,893 volumes. Two volumes will be suspect, though. Japanese censorship will place doubt in the accuracy of the volumes documenting those times so those volumes are usually not included in the set. The diary is considered a national treasure of the Korean nation and currently it is available on the Internet in Korean. Translating it into English began in 2014. [10] [11]

My Take by Alex Shrugged
I've mentioned once before that Japan and Korea do not get along. That is partly due to the Japanese occupation of Korea in the 20th century. The Japanese were not popular in Korea nor in China at the time. That is an understatement, actually.

This Year in Wikipedia

Year 1413, Wikipedia.

See Also


  1. Tuchman, Barbara Wertheim. (Barbara Tuchman, bio). A Distant Mirror: The Calamitous 14th Century. Ballantine, 1979. p. 583. (BOOK) quote="Henry IV of England, after continuous struggle against Welsh revolt, baronial antagonists, and a son impatient for the crown, died in 1413, to be succeeded by the said son who at 25 was prepared, with all the sanctimonious energy of a reformed rake, to enter upon a reign of stern virtue and heroic conquest."
  2. Grun, Bernard. The Timetables of History: A Horizontal Linkage of People and Events. New York: Simon and Schuster. 1991. p. 200. (BOOK)
  3. Jerusalem Chamber - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
  4. Cantor, Norman F. general editor, The Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages: Henry V. Viking Penguin. 1999. p. 219. (BOOK)
  5. St Crispin's Day Speech - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
  6. Grun, Bernard. The Timetables of History: A Horizontal Linkage of People and Events. New York: Simon and Schuster. 1991. p. 200. (BOOK)
  7. ALBO, JOSEPH - Jewish Encyclopedia. 1907. 2014 [last update]
  8. Joseph Albo - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
  9. Alex Shrugged notes: I could go into a detailed discussion on exactly why Christians and Jews are fighting at this point and why the Jews are losing this argument, but it goes beyond the scope of this forum. This is not a Bible study nor a theology class but religion does figure into the history of this time so I mention the issues without going too deeply into them.
  10. Annals of the Joseon Dynasty - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
  11. Korea under Japanese rule - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]

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