1328

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The Grand Prince of Moscow

Since the invasion of Ukraine is in the news please note that Ivan I is made Grand Prince of Moscow in this year and Grand Prince of Vladimir in 1331. He is a vassal of the Mongols of the Golden Horde and he will work against his brothers to rule over ancient Kievan Rus' which is located in Ukraine. Belarus (White Russia) also claims the ancient Kievan Rus'... and Poland once ruled over it... and Hungry has some claim to it. So.... if you've been asking yourself, "Why would Vladimir Putin want to mess with Kiev, Ukraine and why would Poland gear up for war?" Now you know. It's ancient history. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6]

My Take by Alex Shrugged
Note that the Ukrainians believe that they are the true inheritors of Kievan Rus' with Kiev as its true capital. There is some evidence for this position but all the evidence is uncertain. They didn't write a lot of things down in those days and the Soviet Union was obsessed with establishing themselves as the true inheritors of ancient Rus so a lot of things were... uh... lost. (I have provided Wikipedia references but frankly a lot of this is off the top of my head from my recent reading of the history of Ukraine.)

Invention of the Sawmill???

The sawmill is an amazing application of water power in the Middle Ages but Wikipedia disagrees with itself about when it was invented because it depends on which book you are using to look things up. In 1328 the sawmill was used for a NEW purpose: to form lumber to build ships. A blade is pulled back and forth in a reciprocating saw and water wheel system. The first water-powered sawmill design was implemented after the year 250 and is the first documented use of the crank. Thereafter water power has been used to mill grain, run a paper-making press, mix sand and cement and work hammers for blacksmithing. The circular sawmill will not be used until the 1500s or 1600s and the first patent for a circular saw will submitted in 1777, ironically by Samuel MILLER.... a sail maker. [7] [8] [9] [10]

My Take by Alex Shrugged
It took a long time to figure out what was going on with the sawmill since the "Timetables of History" book that I use clearly says that the sawmill was invented NOW! What gives? Well... such "time tables" are just a starting point. They are brief. My book was TOO brief and the Wikipedia timeline uses a similar book. That is why one should use several sources for crosschecking! If it doesn't seem right, look elsewhere. 1328 is very late to come up with such an obvious idea as a reciprocating saw run by a waterwheel.

The 100 Years' War

King Edward the III signs a peace treaty with Scotland and that's all for the good. Everything else is about to go right down the toilet. King Charles IV of France is dead at the age of 33. The French rulebook says that a woman cannot succeed to the throne, and with no male heirs, a new line of Kings must be found. Thus King Philip the Fortunate slides in BUT the rulebook did not prohibit a MALE heir through a FEMALE. Queen Isabella (the wife of the late King Edward II of England) is the daughter of the late King Philip the Fair of France... the man originally cursed by the Grand Templar to an early death along with the King's heirs. Isabella's teenage son, Edward III, makes a claim to the throne of France and thus begins the 100 Years' War... only it will last longer than 100 years. The curse of the Templars just won't quit! [11] [12]

My Take by Alex Shrugged
There has to be a rulebook somewhere that says, Rule number one: NEVER MESS WITH THE KNIGHTS TEMPLAR. Rule number two: See rule number one. I became interested in Middle Ages history when I read about the 100 Years' War in Michael Crichton's novel, "Timeline." The novel is about time travelers who wind up in the middle of this war. At the end of Crichton's book is a bibliography so I read the history of the Middle Ages that Crichton had discovered. I was hooked and it is because of my reading that I am able to write these summaries today. [13]

Ending a Beguine

There is an obvious disagreement building between various Church factions. The Franciscan Monks and Beguine mystics (a religious commune of women) are urging the Pope to seek poverty as the Church ideal, but Pope John XXII believes that he must make the Church acceptable to the aristocracy if it is going to survive. Eventually this disagreement will cause a serious split in the Church. For now, the Beguine mystic, Na Prous Boneta, will be put to the flames. She is a willing martyr. [14] [15] [16]

My Take by Alex Shrugged
Gnostic mysticism has been around for awhile but it is considered a heresy to Christians then and today. What the Beguines were doing was different. It was an expression of Christian mysticism that many Christians would recognize today and might find a way to accept... at least some of it. Now such mystics are put to the flames. In years to come they will reach sainthood. [17] [18]

See Also

References

  1. Ivan I Kalita, EveryHistory.org, 2013 [last update]
  2. Kievan Rus' - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
  3. Ukraine - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
  4. Belarus - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
  5. Russia - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
  6. Vladimir Putin - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
  7. Grun. Bernard. The Timetables of History: A Horizontal Linkage of People and Events, New York: Simon and Schuster, 1991. p. 187. (BOOK)
  8. Invention of the Sawmill, Timeline of World History, 2013 [last update]
  9. Sawmill - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
  10. Circular saw - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
  11. 1300-1400 AD, from History Central, Multieducator Inc.
  12. Capetian dynasty, Timeline of World History, 2013 [last update]
  13. Crichton, Michael. Timeline. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. 1999. bibliography, pp. 447-450. (BOOK)
  14. 1328: Na Prous Boneta, Beguine heresiarch, ExecutedToday.com, 2012-Nov-11.
  15. Beguines and Beghards - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
  16. Béguinage - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
  17. John of the Cross - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
  18. Teresa of &Aacure;vila - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]

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