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The Ottoman Empire Is Founded

The Byzantium forces at Bursa have finally fallen. The Ottomans won't conquer Constantinople until 1453 but nothing can stop them now. Osman is the charismatic Muslim leader of the Turks. At 23 he became the leader of the Kayi Clan and it's been an upward climb all the way. Now, as he lies on his death bed. Osman's Dream of Empire has come true. His son, Orkhan, will carry on that dream. The Ottoman Empire will keep rolling until World War I when it will crumble away, seemingly from old age. [1] [2] [3] [4]

My Take by Alex Shrugged
The name "Ottoman" is an English corruption of the name Osman. Osman's Dream of Empire is a fiction probably designed to honor Osman and to inspire others to support the Empire... not to deceive. There have been several modern attempts to reunite the Empire such as the Federation of Arab Republics: a federation of Libya, Egypt and Syria organized in 1972 by Muammar Gaddafi. It lasted until 1977 when factionalism and cheating on the trade agreement caused the federation to break up. See also: United Arab Republic (1958-1961), a republic of Egypt and Syria under Abdel Nassar. [5] [6] [7]

Isabella Hangs Her Husband's Lover... and Takes England

King Edward II of England has been an ongoing problem for everyone... especially for his wife, Queen Isabella, the daughter of the late King Philip the Fair of France. Time after time King Edward II has embarrassed his wife with his sexual escapades. Now Queen Isabella and her lover, Roger, the 1st Earl of March, have chased King Edward from the throne. They will catch him eventually. First, Queen Isabella must have Hugh the Younger Despenser (presumably the King's lover) drawn and quartered. Isabella now holds the Great Seal and the Regency for her son, Edward III, but she will find it impossible to rule. Her lover, Roger, will be in charge for now... for a little while. [8] [9] [10] [11] [12]

My Take by Alex Shrugged
While Isabella's plan, no doubt, was to rule England in her son's name, she will find her son, King Edward III, a force to be reckoned with. He will begin his rule by putting his mother in her place and placing her lover, Roger, into his place... in the ground. There is a seat labelled "for Mom" at the local nunnery for sure. King Edward III will also begin what will be called in later years the "100 Years' War" which will actually be longer than 100 years but who's counting? [13]

Occam's Heresy Won't Cut it with the Pope

William of Occam is a Franciscan Friar and philosopher who called out the Pope on the Church's excessive spending. Now William has been condemned for heresy by Pope John XXII. William will be confined but eventually escape along with several of his fellows. William of Occam is best known for Occam's Razor, the principle that the simplest explanation for a particular phenomenon is usually the correct one. Oddly enough, William of Occam believed this but never offered it as a formal principle and certainly never originated it, but those who came after him certainly credited him with it, thus assuring a place in history for Occam's Razor. [14] [15] [16] [17] [18]

My Take by Alex Shrugged
OK... the Pope looks bad here but he has his reasons for throwing the bling around. He is protecting the organization and letting the abbots help the individual. Remember that the Church is under siege and the Pope sees it as more important to gain allies amongst the aristocracy who want big churches built than to kiss up to the peasants. Nothing underscores this better than the Shepherds' Crusade which was coming to Avignon to kill the Pope and loot the city. If the Pope hadn't been keeping the town leaders and barons happy he would be dead and the Church organization a smoking ruin. I hope that helps balance out this snapshot of history. [19]

See Also


  1. 1300-1400 AD, from History Central, Multieducator Inc.
  2. Osman I, of Turkey, Timeline of World History, 2013 [last update].
  3. The Sultans
  4. Osman's Dream - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
  5. Federation of Arab Republics - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
  6. Arab Islamic Republic - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
  7. United Arab Republic - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
  8. 1300-1400 AD, from History Central, Multieducator Inc.
  9. 1326: Hugh Despenser the Younger, King Edward II's lover?, ExecutedToday.com, 2009-Nov-24.
  10. 1330: Roger Mortimer, usurper, ExecutedToday.com, 2011-Nov-29.
  11. 1330: Edmund of Woodstock, family man, ExecutedToday.com, 2014-Mar-19.
  12. Isabella of France, Timeline of World History, 2013 [last update].
  13. Hundred Years' War - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
  14. William of Ockham - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
  15. Occam Process - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
  16. Occam (programming language) - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
  17. Occam's razor - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
  18. Year 1326, Wikipedia
  19. Shepherds' Crusade - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]

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