A support species is a plant used to aid in the growth, development, and/or protection of another plant. Some of the several different ways that a plant can support another are by providing mulch through a chop and drop method, providing shade, accumulating micronutrients, fixing nitrogen, predatory insect habitat, and many more. Because of their multiple uses and functions support species are commonly used in permaculture systems or other growing systems for the benefit of other plants in the overall system.
- Biomass Accumulation - through Chop and Drop Mulching systems
- Microclimates - by creating shade
- Nitrogen Fixing - fixing atmospheric nitrogen into the soil
- Accumulating Micronutrients
- Predatory Insect Habitat