Salt

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Salt (sodium chloride), is a mineral necessary for all mammals to function as it is one of the basic electrolytes. It is used as a seasoning and food preservative. Currently it is extremely common and of very low monetary value, however, in the past it has been a valued commodity and currency. Salt is often a source of iodine, another necessary nutrient for mammals, when it is iodized.

It has been suggested that this article be split into Salt and Bonneville Salt Flats.

A salt is a compound consisting of a metal and a non metal that are bound by ionic bonds. They can be the resultant product of a conjugate acid and conjugate base in an acid-base reaction. Salts have an overall neutral charge. Most salts are made by reacting an acid and a base. In common usage, salt often refers to sodium chloride (NaCl), known as table salt. Salt is used as a seasoning and a preservative. It can be formed by the reaction of sodium hydroxide (NaOH) and hydrochloric acid (HCl). Salt is found naturally in salt water, like seas and oceans. Salt is also used as a de-icing agent for roads and walkways during the winter months. According to the Bible, Lot's wife was converted into a pillar of salt when she looked back at the destruction of Sodom.

Contents

Bonneville Salt Flats

30,000 acres of Utah that was part of an ancient lake basin named after explorer Captain B.L.E. Bonneville and his 1830 expeditions. 15,000 years ago it was an ancient lake the size of Lake Michigan. The salt surface contains potassium, magnesium lithium and sodium chloride (common table salt). [1] A place so flat you seem to see the curvature of the planet and so barren not even the simplest life forms can exist. Today, it is a world famous automobile race point. The world record land speed set there was Gary Gabolich's rocket car the "Blue Flame", attained 622.4 miles per hour in 1970.


Acquiring Salt

Salt can be acquired in many ways, including the following.

  • Sea Water can be boiled down or sun evaporated to acquire salt, but this salt will typically contain many contaminants and need to be cleaned
  • Mining is one of the oldest and most common ways of acquiring salt as it is found in both large and small deposits
  • Hickory wood and roots contain salt which can be boiled out
  • Animal Blood contains salt that, while difficult to separate, can be used

Storing Salt

Salt is exceedingly easy to store, it simply needs to be kept dry and protected from contaminants. Bags or buckets are often all that is needed.

See Also

References

  1. The Bonneville Salt Flats Utah.com

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