New Mexico

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New Mexico
Capital Santa Fe
Nickname The Land of Enchantment
Official Language English, Spanish
Governor Susana Martinez, R
Senator Jeff Bingaman, D
(202) 224-5521
Senator Tom Udall, D
(202) 224-6621
Ratification of Constitution/or statehood January 6, 1912 (47th)
Flag of New Mexico Motto: Crescit eundo (It grows as it goes)

New Mexico became 47th state to join the union on January 6, 1912. It is the fifth largest of the United States, with a total land area of 121,412 square miles[1]. New Mexico has the largest Hispanic population, percentage-wise, of any US State. Its official state question is "red or green?".

The state is bordered by Colorado, Arizona, Utah, Oklahoma and Texas. It also borders Mexico.



New Mexico is almost on the Naughty State List due to its liberal gun grabbing Nanny state-Welfare state policies and its Democrat left-wing politics largely in the state capitol Santa Fe caused by a large influx of hippie leftist Californians over the last 30 years. The solution to this [[tyranny] is to Vote with your feet (Walking to Freedom via Strategic relocation).

Elected Officials




New Mexico population map.png

The state capital is Santa Fe. The cities with the largest populations are: Albuquerque, 494,236; Las Cruces, 82,671; Santa Fe, 70,631; Rio Rancho, 66,599; and Roswell, 45,199.

The United States Census Bureau estimates that the population of New Mexico was 2,085,287 on July 1, 2013, a 1.3% increase since the 2010 United States Census.[2]

Of the people residing in New Mexico, 51.4% were born in New Mexico, 37.9% were born in a different US state, 1.1% were born in Puerto Rico, U.S. Island areas, or born abroad to American parent(s), and 9.7% were foreign born.[3]

7.5% of New Mexico's population was reported as under 5 years of age, 25.3% under 18, and 13.1% were 65 or older.[4] Females make up approximately 50.7% of the population.[4]

As of 2000, 8.2% of the residents of the state were foreign-born.[4]

Among U.S. states, New Mexico has the highest percentage of Hispanic and Latino Americans, at 46 percent (2010 estimate), including descendants of Spanish colonists and recent immigrants from Latin America.

New Mexico has many people of Native American (Indian) descent.[5]


New Mexico's weather is usually sunny and dry, with little rainfall all year. [6]



The land includes areas of dry desert and forest, and has many mountainous regions, including the Sangre de Cristo mountain range, and the Jemez Mountains. [7]

The highest point in New Mexico is Wheeler Peak at 13,161 feet above sea level, and the lowest point is at Red Bluff Reservoir, 2,842 feet above sea level. [8]


Agriculture is important to New Mexico, but the lack of irrigation hinders using much of the land for farming. Much of the farmed land is located around the two major rivers which flow through the state: the Rio Grande and Pecos River.

Much of the land is used for grazing livestock, especially sheep. More than two-thirds of New Mexico's farm income comes from livestock products. Another large industry in the state is mining, particularly copper, silver, and uranium. [9]


Interstate Highways 10, 25 and 40 traverse the state. New Mexico's largest commercial airport is Albuquerque's International Sunport. [10]

Places of Interest

  • Carlsbad Caverns National Park
  • Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monuments
  • Bandelier National Monument
  • Elephant Butte Reservoir
  • Inscription Rock at [[El Morro National Monument
  • White Sands National Monument

Notable people associated with New Mexico

Bella Donna by Georgia O'Keeffe, 1939.
  • Ralph Bunch (Nobel Peace Prize winner)
  • John Denver (singer)
  • Demi Moore (actress)
  • Georgia O'Keeffe (painter)
  • Porfirio Podres (San popo) (folk hero)
  • Bill Richardson (Governor)
  • Al Unser and Bobby Unser (auto racers)


  2. "Table 1. Annual Estimates of the Population for the United States, Regions, States, and Puerto Rico: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013" (CSV). 2013 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. December 30, 2013. Retrieved January 6, 2014.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "New Mexico QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 28, 2014.

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