Fishing is the activity of acquiring wild fish. It has been used for thousands of years to harvest the bounty from the sea to provide for one's tribe, clan, or family. Like all things through time it has evolved into so many different styles and techniques. Fishing is a useful skill for acquiring food, and fishing gear is even more useful for both fishing and other tasks. Everyone should consider including fishing gear as part of their BOB.
- Fishing Pole Rod and Reel
- Fishing line
- Fishing hooks
- Bobbers and Floats
- Sinkers and Weights
- Stringer - to keep catch
- Fish traps
- Fish wheels
- Crab pots
- Jug Fishing
- Bow rigged with line and reel
- Landing Net
- Yo-Yo reels
- Milk Jugs
Things in a tackle box
- Pliers, Hook remover
- Extra hooks, line, leaders, swivels, bobbers, splitters, runners, etc.
- Repair tools - cork, 2in1 oil, wire, multi-tool
- FAK First aid kit
There is a myriad of techniques used to catch fish. The most common technique is called bank fishing and this is when you sit on a bank and casts your line into the water. People have used lots of techniques over time to put themselves in the best position with their most effective equipment or tools to catch as much fish as possible. There are terms like boat fishing, damn fishing, fly fishing, wading, jug fishing, trot fishing, spear fishing, bow fishing, fish traps and crab pots, net fishing, fish wheels, and several other techniques where the fisherman uses their most effective means to catch fish.
In Indonesia there is a small community that sit on a pole sunk into the soft muddy bottom of a tide pool, and perch themselves there for hours with a baited line dangling in the water. In parts of the southern United States folks swim along the banks of a river and search for holes beneath the shoreline and extend their arm deep into the hole and pull out a giant catfish. In the Illinois River, folks cruise the river in boats and use a bow rigged with line and a reel to shoot fish and then reel them in. In the western states fly fishing is popular, folks use a long pole rigged with special line and leader with a small fly tied to the end, though this does require a unique skill. Of course one of the oldest techniques still in practice today is net fishing. It is interesting to note that fishing is a sport for some, a way of life for others, and can be mastered by young children to the elderly.
The following covers some of the most used and trusted techniques to catch fish:
Bait fishing is fishing using a hook and some sort of bait to catch fish.
This type of fishing is done by setting-up a trap or anchored line to catch fish
General Fishing Knowledge
The biggest challenge to successful fishing is to be able to find the fish and figure out what they are eating and when. To do this you will need to study your target species and learn what they eat, when they spawn, where they lay, and at what time of day, and the types of habitat they prefer. You will also need to know what types of fish are available in your part of the world, and what you may have the capacity to successfully catch.
The moon and tides play a big part in a fish's life and activity. In fact the moon cycles dictate to the fish, when to eat, sleep, migrate, and spawn. Most fish are instinctual and will be easily lured to strike their prey fish, if that fish should appear injured or suffering. This is a technique that is most effective in catching fish, and one emulated by fishermen across the world.
Tide Affects on Fish
Types of Bait
- Worms - Earth worms, red worms, meal worms, etc.
- Insects - crickets, beetles, grasshoppers, ants, spiders, etc.
- Fish - minnows, plankton, shrimp, chum, etc.
- Commercial - Stink bait, chicken livers, food scraps, etc.
Types of Lures (Freshwater and Saltwater)
Types of Flies
There are 2 types of flies dry flies and wet flies.
Fish Trappping Techniques
Net Fishing Techniques