First aid glossary

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A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W - X - Y - Z

A glossary of First Aid/Medical terms common to the prepper community.

A

ABC
Airway, Breathing, Circulation (herp derp)
ABD
Abdomen (The uh... abdomen)
ABx
Antibiotics (A drug that either kills (batericidal) or inhibits growth of (bacteriostatic) bateria)
ACS
Asherman Chest Seal (chest seal - mono-valve)
Advanced Clotting Sponge (a hemostatic sponge product made by QuikClot)
AED
Automated External Defibrillator (heartstart machine)
ALS
Advanced Life Support (Life support, advanced techniques)
A + O X 4
Awake/Alert and Orientated (the person knows person, place, time, and events - also A + O X 3, 2, 1, or 0)
APAP
Acetaminophen (A popular OTC pain reliever/fever reducer)
ARS
Air Release System (Needle decompression product from NARP)
ASA
Aspirin (Exactly what it sounds like it is)
AVPU
Alert, Verbal, Pain, Unresponsive (System used to measure level of consciousness and response)

B

B5/B7
Benchmade Rescue Hook (clothing/strap cutting tool)
BCS
Bolin Chest Seal (chest seal - tri-valve)
BID
Twice a day (Twice a day, from the Latin "bis in die")
BLS
Basic Life Support (Life support, basic techniques)
BP
Blood Pressure (The pressure, measured in millimeters of mercury (mmHg), exerted by the blood on the walls of the vessels.
BRBPR
Bright Red Blood Per Rectum (Butthurt)

C

CAT
Combat Application Tourniquet (A very popular and widely issued mechanical tourniquet)
CBC
Complete Blood Count (Full panel of blood tests)
CELOX
(Brand of a chitosan based hemostatic products)
CMS
Circulatory/Motor/Sensation (status of a distal extremity)
CP
Chest pain (Pain in the chest)
CPR
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
Cric
Cricothyrotomy (Incision and placement of a surgical airway when Oral and Nasal intubation is impossible, such as facial trauma)

D

Dx
Diagnosis (Observing what's wrong)
DDx
Differential diagnosis (Deducing what's wrong)

E

EES
Erythromycin (Similar to Penicillin, often used in lieu of for those with allergies)
ECG / EKG
Electrocardiogram (Heart monitor)
EMT
Emergency Medical Technician (Suffixes: -B = Basic, -I = Intermediate, -P = Paramedic)
ENT
Ear, Nose and Throat (AKA Otolaryngology)
EpiPen
Epinephrine Auto Injector (It's uh... an Epi Pen - what do you want from me?)
ETD
Emergency Trauma Dressing (Pressure dressing)
ET Tube
EndoTracheal Tube (Intubation device placed into the trachea)

F

FAK
First Aid Kit
FAST
Acronym for Face, Arm, Speech, Time (symptoms began/first noticed). Term used for recognition and reporting of stroke symptoms.
Fx
Fracture (A broken bone)

G

GCS
Glasgow Coma Scale (A system of patient assessment recording eye, verbal and motor responses)
GSW
Gun Shot Wound (The wound one receives from a gunshot)

H

H&H
Generally refers to compressed gauze (company moniker)
HemCon
Hemorrhage Control (Describes both the practice of controlling traumatic bleeding and the company by the same name that manufactures chitosan based hemostatics)
HM
Hospital Corpsman (Enlisted Navy medical rating)
HS
HALO Seal (type of chest seal)
HyFin
HyFin Seal (another seal variant)

I

I&D
Incision and Drainage (the process of lancing something such as an abscess)
IFAK
Improved First Aid Kit (there is also a much less common, and larger, Individual First Aid Kit)
IM
Intramuscular (into muscle)
IO
Intraosseous (into bone)
IOD
Improvised Occlusive Dressing (anything used in conjunction with tape to form a wound seal from a non-dedicated product and/or packaging)
IV
Intravenous (into vein)

J

K

KLTD
King LT-D (advanced airway device)
KO
Knocked Out (Loss of consciousness)
Kerlix
Rolled Gauze (Brand name that has come to describe any similar product)

L

Lac
Laceration (a cut)
Listers
Lister Scissors (Bandage scissors, blunt tip, angled arm)
LOC
Level Of Consciousness (Level of... consciousness)
LRI
Lower Respiratory Infection (Infection/inflammation of the LRT such as Pneumonia or Bronchitis)
LRS
Lactated Ringers Solution (A commonly used IV solution for fluid restitution, among other things)

M

MmHg
Millimeters of Mercury (See BP)
MOI
Mechanism of Injury (The method an injury was caused by)
MVA
Motor Vehicle Accident (Pseudonymous with RTA)

N

NARP
North American Rescue Products (A well regarded and popular supply outlet with an OEM line of products)
NPA
NasoPharyngeal Airway (Artificial nasal airway - a nose tube)
NS
Normal Saline (Saline - 0.91% solution)
N/V/D
Nausea/Vomiting/Diarrhea (Groan/Puke/Poop)

O

OB Kit
Obstetrical kit (emergency childbirth gear)
OD
Occlusive Dressing (Air and fluid tight dressing used to seal wounds and/or keep topicals from being removed environmentally)
Overdose (To take/be administered too much of something)
OPA
Oropharyngeal Airaway (Artificial oral airway - a j-tube)
OPQRST
Onset, Provocation, Quality. Region/Radiation, Severity, Time sequence (A system of taking sequence and symptom)
ONHF
Oh No He's Fucked (self explanatory)
OTC
Over The Counter (drugs and/or instruments available without prescription)

P

PCN
Penicillin (Antibiotic)
PGI
Probable Genital Injury (acronym used during transport/transfer to keep patients from freaking out over possible damage to their important parts)
PO
By Mouth (from the Latin "per os")
PRN
As needed (from the Latin "pro re nata")
PT
Patient (The unlucky one you're about to fix)
PulSox/Pulse-Ox/POx
Pulse Oximeter (A diagnostic tool, measuring oxygen saturation)

Q

QC
QuikClot - A company that produces various hemostatic products
QD
every day (Latin)
QH, QID
every hour (Latin)
QID
four times a day (Latin)
Q-Tip
A Q-Tip, a highly specialized medical device featuring a stick with some cotton on the end. Rx only, carry with extreme caution.

R

RICE
Acronym for Rest, Immobilization, Cold, Elevation OR Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation. Care given following a muscle, bone, or joint injury.
ROM
Range of Motion (The range of movement in an injured area - typically a limb)
RTA
Road Traffic Accident (An accident involving traffic of some kind, generally on the road)
Rx
Abbreviation of the Latin "recipere" meaing "take this way" or "take thus" (Prescription only item)

S

SAM
Splint, Aluminum, Malleable (A reusable, lightweight, packable splinting device made of covered aluminum)
SAMPLE
Signs/ Symptoms, Allergies, Medications, Past history, Last oral intake (Events preceding the incident)
SC
Subcutaneous (Beneath the skin)
SCT
Skin, Color, Temperature (Skin.... Color............. Temperature.)
SHIT
Send Help It's Terrible (Ruh-roh...)
SOAP Note
Subjective, Objective, Assessment, Plan (Documenting patient encounters)
SOB
Shortness of Breath (Breath... shortened)
STOMP
SEAL Team Operations Medical Pack (A very popular, very organized, very well regarded medical pack for both Military and Civilian)

T

TCCC
Tactical Combat Casualty Care (Combat based protocols)
TPX
Tension Pneumothorax (Trapped air in the pleural space leading to lung collape)
TQ
Tourniquet (Device used to constrict blood vessels, there are several types and reasons but the most common discussed here is to control catastrophic bleeding in limbs)

U

URI
Upper Respiratory Infection (Infection/inflammation of the upper respiratory tract (above larynx) such as Nasopharyngitis.)


V

W

WEMT
Wilderness Emergency Medical Technician (Wilderness based protocols)
WJ
WaterJel (A popular brand of burn dressings)

X

Y

Z

See Also

References


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