The Dalai Lama is regarded by Tibetan Buddhists as one of a succession of incarnations of the Bodhisattva of compassion, Chenrezig (The Compassionate Lord), who has long been considered to be the patron deity of Tibet.
The current Dalai Lama, Tenzin Gyatso, is the fourteenth and is both the head of state of Tibet and the spiritual leader of Tibetan Buddhism. He has lived in exile in Dharamsala, India, since 1959 due to the Chinese communist invasion of Tibet. Dharamsala is the current location of the Tibetan Government in Exile.
In 1989 he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for leading the non-violent struggle for the liberation of Tibet from Chinese communist oppression. He has consistently advocated policies of non-violence, even in the face of extreme aggression. He also became the first Nobel Laureate to be recognized for his concern for global environmental problems.
China and Tibet
On Secretary of State Hillary Clinton's first official visit to China, the Secretary told Chinese leaders the Obama administration considered human rights concerns secondary to economic survival and asked the CCP leaders for help financing President Obama's massive $787 economic stimulus plan by buying US Treasury securities.
The Dalai Lama, a Buddhist religious leader, was made Tibetan head of state in 1950, the same year that China invaded and annexed Tibet. CNN reports the Chinese find it "unacceptable when they see the Dalai Lama treated as a VIP, or even akin to a head of state." 
After the Dalai Lama met with President Obama in February, 2010 he was unceremoniously escorted through a side door that trash is regularly carried out to a photo op with awaiting cameras.
- Hillary Clinton: Chinese human rights secondary to economic survival, Richard Spencer, London Telegraph, 20 Feb 2009.
- Clinton wraps Asia trip by asking China to buy US debt, Briebart, Feb 22 2009.
- Analysis: Why the Dalai Lama angers China, Jaime FlorCruz, CNN Beijing Bureau Chief, February 18, 2010.