Your evacuation (bug out) plan is the most important part of all that you do to prepare for bugging out. Having a plan allows you to function quickly and effective while under stress that could otherwise debilitating. Your plan should be both original and customized to fit your needs, no two people should have exactly the same plan; although good ideas will generally become common among good plans.
Bug Out Documentation
Bug Out Documentation is a packet of plans that you distribute in strategic locations to aid in you and your clan with the bug out process. This packet should include maps to all of the possible bug out locations, alternate routes to each locations, rally points on each route, lists of gear to pack and bring, a list of contacts and their information, and other information that could be useful.
A key part of bug out documentation and evacuation plans is to prepare contingencies. If a disaster blocks the main route to a bug out documentation then you have to know back roads or alternate ways to get there.
These are some common plans that people have already come up with, including their advantages and disadvantages. While your plan should be unique to you, these common plans should give you some ideas about what and what not to do.
Tips and Wisdom
Some one line wisdom and general tips when making your bug out plan.
- Leave Quickly, Arrive Slowly - When the time comes to bug out, you should always leave the effected area as quickly as possible. You should already have all of you gear ready to go so that you don't have to waste time getting things together. The closer you get to your BOL, the more you should slow down. Once you have escaped the immediate danger of the original threat (hurricane, Riots, etc...), you should take your time to consider what may be ahead of you. Your alternate routes will decrease in number the closer you are to your BOL, making it all the more important to observe what is ahead of you. You should also consider the possibility that your BOL itself has been compromised and you may need to deal with a serious resistance.
- Avoid the Rush - If you foresee an event coming, leave before the general public begins its evacuation. An alternative to trying to beat the rush is trying to wait it out. If you were alerted to an event by conventional means (i.e. The news or a co-worker) chances are you will not beat a mass exodus but, rather, be stuck in it. In these events, it is often wise to consider a temporary bug-in until things calm down. This should only be considered if there is no immediate danger to you or your family and you. This method is often the best choice in densely populated urban areas. In any case, large numbers or people, especially under stress, are dangerous and unpredictable and should be avoided whenever possible.
- Communications Plan - Often loved ones are separated during a disaster, whether due to being in different locations at the start of the event or due to unforeseen circumstances. Any family plan should include places to meet up or where notes, messages and other communications will take place. For example a relatives' home outside the affected area may be the communication hub where messages will be left regarding family members' status (i.e. bugging-in or bugging out, health condition, etc.) and routes.