1995

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Our Man in Yugoslavia... or What is Left of Yugoslavia

Contributed by Alex Shrugged

Yugoslavia was created after World War 1, cramming together the Serbs, Croats, Albanians and Slovenes who normally do not get along. Well, after all these years they still don't get along, and with the collapse of the Soviet Union, Yugoslavia has split up into warring states. (The resale value on your Yugo-Fiat just hit rock bottom.) The phrase "ethnic cleansing" is a nice turn of phrase for what is actually rape and mass murder. It's not exactly Hitler's genocide, but it's bad. The Europeans seem willing to let these people fight it out amongst themselves, but the American public is outraged. NATO is already enforcing a no-fly-zone, so the USA pushes for NATO to bomb the Bosnian Serbs who seem to be the cause of all the trouble. President Clinton says that this will be a short war. (Uh... sure, Bill.) Officially, it is called Operation Deliberate Force. Unofficially, it is called, "The War from 10,000 feet." Shortly before the bombing begins, Captain Scott O'Grady is shot down by a Bosnian surface-to-air missile (SA-6). He ejects, and lays low for 4 days eating grass, and bugs and drinking rainwater. The American public is sitting on pins and needles wondering if he has survived. Then he calls in on his radio. Unaccountably, this fact is released to the public. No doubt this is good news to his parents, but the bad guys know it too. After verifying that it really is him, Marine helicopters pick him up. They fly low and fast. Two surface-to-air missiles are shot at them on the way back. They miss. Captain Scott O'Grady is a hero. Maybe he should run for President. [1] [2] [3]

My Take by Alex Shrugged
America is a country looking for heroes. That is a good thing. At that time our troops had just pulled out of Somalia. It had started out OK. We were getting food and medical supplies to the people who needed it with a minimum of hassle by the war lords thanks to General Zinni. (He seems to work well with psychos. It's a gift.) Then Bill Clinton and the UN took over, and the whole thing went into the toilet. (Blackhawk Down and the rest of it.) Then President Clinton felt compelled to do something in Bosnia. OK. I felt his pain. I felt THEIR pain. As I recall, he said he could resolve it in 10 days... apparently by the force of his personality. I laughed because I couldn't cry. I knew he was LYING either to himself or to the public. Then came the bombing campaign. He said the troops would be home by Christmas. Another ridiculous lie. The Dayton Agreement was signed in December of that year. Peace in our time, but the troops didn't come back because the Dayton Peace Agreement had to be enforced. You see? It is always easy to start a war, but it is difficult to finish one. [4]

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Contributed by Southpaw Ben

Text

My Take by Southpaw Ben

The Gingrich Revolution and the Contract with America

Contributed by Alex Shrugged

Newt Gingrich is now Speaker of the House. His has led the Republicans in a landslide to break 4 decades of Democrat domination over Congress. Now he wants to change everything. The Contract with America is the key. At first, it seemed like a stunt as Republicans signed a pledge to vote on various government reforms in the first 100 days. Little reforms, like... The laws that apply to the people should also apply to Congress. Radical reform. Crazy thinking. The Democrats ridiculed the Contract, but in that ridicule, they brought the issues before the public, and the public bought it. Now Speaker Gingrich has to deliver and it is a good effort. The line-item veto passes, a major accomplishment considering that President Clinton is a Democrat. (It will later be ruled unconstitutional.) Welfare reform prohibits teenagers under 18 from collecting welfare, no additional benefits for children born while on welfare, and it places a two year limit on benefits. They eliminate the marriage tax penalty. They also pass a "Loser Pays" provision for tort reform, so if someone sues you and loses, they pay your legal bills. President Clinton vetoes that one because it means fewer lawsuits. Can't have that. And there is more. All a good effort. Unfortunately, as with all governments, the reforms slowly erode away. Without steady maintenance all systems break down in time. [5] [6] [7]

My Take by Alex Shrugged
While the welfare reforms might seem tough, many people were on welfare simply because they could. By placing a time limit on how long a person could be on welfare, many discovered that they could get by without welfare, saving it for when things really got bad. By the way, some Democrats became Republicans after the Gingrich Revolution. One was Senator Ben Nighthorse Campbell from Colorado. He said he hadn't changed his principles, but he was deeply disappointed when the Balanced Budget Amendment failed by one vote. He was amazed that after all those years being a Democrat, and being praised for his insight and compassion, suddenly he had become the spawn of Satan. It is strange how people think... or NOT THINK. I get this reaction myself. I'm a Mexican-American, but not really because I'm a Republican. Therefore whatever I think no longer counts... or something like that. I just know that when I mention that I'm a Republican, my white liberal friends get this faraway look as if they just BSD'd (blue screen of death). Time to reboot. [8]

Notable Births

  • Jacob Kogan: Played young Spock in the Star Trek reboot movie. [9]
  • Kendall Jenner: Keeping Up with the Kardashians and fashion model who recently starred in the controversial Pepsi commercial where she hands a Pepsi to a police officer. (Oh, the humanity!--alexshrugged) [9] [10]

This Year in Film

  • Toy Story: (Pixar nails it.--alexshrugged) [11]
  • Apollo 13: (The phrase "Failure is not an option" was never said by Gene Krantz, but he embraced it after the movie.--alexshrugged) [11]
  • And...: Jumanji, The American President, and Braveheart. [11]

This Year in TV

  • Star Trek: Voyager: Captain Janeway and her crew are thrown into the Delta Quadrant. Will they ever get home? (Yes, but they will never get a movie.--alexshrugged) [12]
  • The Drew Carey Show: Situation comedy and the 1st TV show to be simulcast on the Internet. [12]
  • Xena: Warrior Princess: The show will develop a cult following. [12]
  • Goosebumps: A children's horror show based on the books. (A later movie starring Jack Black is not bad.--alexshrugged) [12]

This Year in Music

This Year in Video Games

  • Star Wars: Dark Forces: First in the series from LucasArts. [14]
  • Tekken 2 is released to the arcades: It comes to the PlayStation next year. 3 million copies will be sold. [14]
  • I Have No Mouth, and I Must Scream: "An ethical obstacle course" with great graphics. (After the Harlin Ellison story which is a great read if somewhat twisted... actually... a lot twisted.--alexshrugged) [14]

In Other News

  • Murrah Federal Building is hit by a truck bomb, killing 168 (including 19 children): Timothy McVeigh and Terry Nichols did it. [15][16]
  • A budget standoff between Democrats and Republicans forces a government shutdown: The shutdown is more superficial than real. All essential services continue. [15]
  • The DVD media format launches:. [15]

Natural Disasters

  • The Dimmitt, Texas Tornado becomes the most studied tornodo in history: The movie "Twister" is at least partially based on this tornado outbreak. [15][17]
  • The existence of rogue waves is confirmed in the North Sea: The TV show Deadliest Catch catches a rogue wave on camera. It nearly capsizes the boat. [15][18]
  • A 6.9 magnitude quake hits Japan's southern Hyogo Prefecture, killing 5,502–6,434: . [15][19]
  • A 6.6 magnitude quake hits Greece causing $450 million in damages: . [15]
  • A 7.0 magnitude quake hits Sakhalin Island in Russia, killing 1,989: . [15][20]
  • The Caribbean volcano Soufrière Hills errupts: The capital of city is evacuated, and later covered in several yards of hot ash and lava. [15]
  • Deep snow covers Chile, isolating communities and killing livestock.: . [15][21]
  • Typhoon Angela hits the Philippines and Vietnam, killing 882: . [15]
  • GLOBAL COOLING: Scottish Highland temps drop to -17.0 °F, the lowest ever recorded. . [15][22]

Unnatural Disasters

  • Patriot's Council members are convicted making ricin: That is a natural poison. [15]
  • Japanese terrorists conducts a sarin gas attack on the Tokyo subways, killing 13: Another 5,510 are injured. 3 months later a man will hijack a plane and demand the release of the leader of the terrorists.[15][23][24]
  • Tejano singer Selena is murdered by her agent: With her last breath she name her killer, "Saldívar". He was pocketing money from fans. [15]
  • Shawn Nelson goes on a tank rampage in San Diego: (Assault rifles are banned, but TANKS ARE OK? Only in America.--alexshrugged). [15]
  • It is the 50th anniversary of the dropping of the atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. [15]
  • Rosemary West is sentenced to life without parole: She murdering 10 including her daughter and stepdaughter. Her husband committed suicide before trial. [15]
  • American Airlines Flight 965 crashes into a Columbian mountain after veering off its course: 4 passengers survive. [15]

Technology

  • Microsoft Windows 95 is released;: (A big improvement over Windows 3.1.--alexshrugged). [15]
  • Prodigy online offers access to the World Wide Web: (I was a Prodigy customer and this is a big deal.--alexshrugged) [15]
  • Yahoo! Search is founded: . [15]
  • eBay is founded: . [15]
  • The US government privatizes the Internet: . [25] [15]
  • Hacker Kevin Mitnick is arrested for cloning cell phones and breaking into a "secure" Federal system: (Some of the charges are well founded. Others are total BS. After serving a prison sentence he started a computer security service. As I read it, you pay him to try to break into your system.--alexshrugged) [15]
  • An Argentinian is arrested for selling Intel and AMD commerical secrets to Cuba, China, North Korea and Iran: These trade secrets have an estimated worth of $10–20 million. [15][26]
  • Space Shuttle Atlantis docks with the Russian Mir space station: 1st time. [15]
  • The first confirmed extrasolar planet is discovered orbiting an ordinary main sequence star: (FYI, our own sun is a main sequence star.--alexshrugged) [15][27] [28] [29]
  • NASA loses contact with Pioneer 11: . [15]
  • The Galileo Probe enters Jupiter's atmosphere: . [15]

The Gulf War Aftermath

  • France and Russia want to makes financial deals with Iraq rather than disarm Iraq: . [15]
  • Saddam Husein's son-in-law defects: . [15][30]
  • Hussein declares that Iraq is developing biological and nuclear weapons: He documents his WMD programs. (Looking back, he was mostly lying to frighten his neighbors.--alexshrugged) [15]
  • Iraq demands that economic sanctions end by August 31 . [15]
  • UN inspector Scott Ritter intercepts Russian gyroscopes and accelerometers on their way to Iraq: He was tipped off by Israel and Jordon. [15]
  • UN Inspectors find missile components hidden in the Tigris river near Baghdad . [15]

Russian Federation

  • Anti-corruption journalist Vladislav Listyev is shot and killed: . (Shudder!--alexshrugged) [15]
  • Paramilitary troops massacre 250 civilians in Samashki, Chechnya: . [15][31][32]

Bosnia & Croatian Wars of Independence

FYI, Yugoslavia has broken up into several warring states.

  • A UN tribunal charges 21 Bosnian Serb commanders with genocide and crimes against humanity: . [15]
  • Croatian forces launch Operation Flash against rebel Serb forces: . [15]
  • USAF pilot Captain Scott O'Grady is shot down over Bosnia and Herzegovina: He evades capture for six days before he is recured. (This was a media event.--alexshrugged) [15][33]
  • Croatian and Bosnian forces crush the Republic of Serbian Krajina: The Republic is done. [15][34]
  • A Bosnian Serb mortar attack kills 37 civilians near a Sarajevo market place: . [15][35]
  • NATO begins a bombing campaign against Bosnian Serb artillery positions: . [15][36]
  • A UN tribunal charges Radovan Karadžic and Ratko Mladic with genocide: . [15]
  • The Bosnian War comes to end: A peace treaty is signed at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base near Dayton, Ohio (December 14). [15][37]

USA

  • President Bill Clinton extends a $20 billion loan to help Mexico avert financial collapse: It is considered an emergency. [15]
  • The new Denver International Airport comes online: It is the largest in the United States. (It also has distrubing decrorations.--alexshrugged) [15]
  • Mississippi abolishes slavery: Yeah. About time. The state finally ratifies the Thirteenth Amendment which was ratified in 1865. [15]
  • House Republicans celebrate their passing of the Contract with America: Most of it, anyway. (This is the last time I remember Congress making a promise and then mostly keeping it.--alexshrugged) [15]
  • The Unabomber murders lobbyist Gilbert Murray: . [15]
  • The The Washington Post and The New York Times publish the Unabomber's manifesto: This will lead to a relative turning him in. [15]
  • President Clinton closes the street in front of the White House: This is in response to the Oklahoma City bombing. (Tom Clancy publishes "Executive Orders" this year (1995) in which a truck bomb is headed for the White House.--alexcshrugged). [15][38]
  • President Clinton restores US–Vietnam relations: It has been 20 years. [15]
  • Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan holds a Million Man March in Washington, D.C.: . [15]
  • Congress votes to ban partial birth abortion by a vote of 288–139: . [15]
  • The Federal 55 mph speed limit is lifted: [15][39]
  • The Republic of Texas group forms a provisional government: Uh... yeah. (If Texas ever really splits off I'll probably support it, but at this point, no way.--alexshrugged) [15]

All Else

  • One man brings down one of the oldest banking establishments in the UK: Nick Leeson loses $1.4 billion on the Tokyo Stock Exchange, bringing down Barings Bank. [15]
  • Actor Christopher Reeve thrown from his horse and is paralyzed from the neck down: . [15]
  • O. J. Simpson is found not guilty for the murder of his ex-wife Nicole Brown Simpson and Ron Goldman: . [15]
  • India renames the city of Bombay to Mumbai, its original name: . [15]
  • Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin is assassinated: . [15]

This Year in Wikipedia

Year 1995, Wikipedia.

See Also

References

  1. American President: Key Events in the Presidency of William Jefferson Clinton. Miller Center (May 3, 2012). Retrieved on 1 May 2017. “August 30, 1995 NATO, with a strong contingent of American forces, begins two weeks of air attacks on Serbian positions.”
  2. Defense.gov News Transcript: DoD News Briefing: Admiral William Owens, Vice Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff (June 9, 1995). Retrieved on 1 May 2017. “The helicopters went in and made the pickup in this general area. This was an area that was only a few kilometers from the estimated crash site. Of course, the helicopters came back out, returned to KEARSARGE. At 0130, Washington- time -- 0730 local -- Basher-52, Scott O'Grady, was safely back aboard KEARSARGE.”
  3. RESCUING SCOTT O'GRADY: ALL FOR ONE. Time Magazine (June 19, 1995). Retrieved on 1 May 2017. “The location of the missile was the result of a shift in defenses recently undertaken by the Bosnian Serbs that had escaped the notice of NATO intelligence. Because it was launched from directly below, the SA-6 was able to hurtle up on the 'blind spot' in the underbelly of the F-16's defensive pod, blasting into O'Grady's aircraft with barely 20 seconds' warning and cutting it in half. 'We think this was the first time the Serbs fired an SA-6,' said an Air Force official. 'They waited until just the right moment, and they ambushed us.'”
  4. Battle Ready. G.P. Putnam's Sons. ISBN 0399151761. 
  5. Newt Gingrich - Wikipedia (2017). Retrieved on 1 May 2017. “The House fulfilled Gingrich's promise to bring all ten of the Contract's issues to a vote within the first 100 days of the session, even though most of the legislation was initially held up in the Senate by the objection of liberal/progressive interest groups and President Clinton, who called it the 'Contract on America'.”
  6. On My Mind: GOP Pussycats - Cato Institute. cato.org (November 13, 2000). Retrieved on 1 May 2017. “The party that in 1994 would abolish the Department of Education now brags in response to Clinton’s 2000 State of the Union Address that it is outspending the White House when it comes to education.”
  7. The Contract with America: Implementing New Ideas in the U.S. - The Heritage Foundation. heritage.org (October 12, 1995). Retrieved on 1 May 2017. “Decades from now, historians quite likely will reflect back upon the Contract With America as one of the most significant developments in the political history of the United States. As Newt Gingrich, the first Republican Speaker of the House of Representatives in 40 years, has written: 'there is no comparable congressional document in our two-hundred-year history.'”
  8. Alex Shrugged notes: Actually I think he had been struggling with the Democrats the whole time, but they kept their mouths shut because he was a party member and an American Indian. Of course, once he switched he was no long an American Indian because no Indian would be a Republican. Right?
  9. 9.0 9.1 1995 Births - Wikipedia (1995).
  10. Kendall Jenner for PEPSI Commercial - YouTube (2017). Retrieved on 28 April 2017. “Pepsi Global deleted this commercial on their own chanel. They already apologized about the content of this video.”
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 1995 in film - Wikipedia (1995). Retrieved on 27 January 2017.
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 1995 in television - Wikipedia (1995).
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 13.3 1995 in music - Wikipedia (1995). Retrieved on 30 January 2017.
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 1995 in music - Wikipedia (1995).
  15. 15.00 15.01 15.02 15.03 15.04 15.05 15.06 15.07 15.08 15.09 15.10 15.11 15.12 15.13 15.14 15.15 15.16 15.17 15.18 15.19 15.20 15.21 15.22 15.23 15.24 15.25 15.26 15.27 15.28 15.29 15.30 15.31 15.32 15.33 15.34 15.35 15.36 15.37 15.38 15.39 15.40 15.41 15.42 15.43 15.44 15.45 15.46 15.47 15.48 15.49 15.50 15.51 15.52 15.53 15.54 15.55 15.56 15.57 15.58 15.59 15.60 15.61 15.62 1995 - Wikipedia.
  16. Oklahoma City bombing
  17. VORTEX projects - Wikipedia (2017). Retrieved on 28 April 2017. “The movie Twister was at least partially inspired by the VORTEX project.”
  18. Draupner wave
  19. Great Hanshin earthquake
  20. 1995 Neftegorsk earthquake
  21. White Earthquake
  22. Altnaharra
  23. Aum Shinrikyo
  24. All Nippon Airways Flight 857
  25. Cybertelecom :: NSFNET. cybertelecom.org.
  26. Bill Gaede
  27. Michel Mayor
  28. Didier Queloz
  29. 51 Pegasi b
  30. Hussein Kamel al-Majid
  31. Samashki massacre
  32. First Chechen War
  33. Mrkonjic Grad incident
  34. Operation Storm
  35. Markale massacres
  36. Operation Deliberate Force
  37. Dayton Agreement
  38. Clancy, Tom. Executive Orders. Berkley Books. ISBN 0425160572. 
  39. National Highway System Designation Act of 1995

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