1962

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The Time We Almost Blew Up the World... in 13 Days

Contributed by Alex Shrugged (at the suggestion of a TSP listener)

The Cuban Missile Crisis begins when a US spy plane spots evidence of Soviet nuclear missile launchers being built in Cuba. (40 are planned.) It is an obvious challenge to the US staging of Chrysler's mid-range ballistic missiles in Turkey and Italy. (Chrysler makes the Jupiter missile. "Inspiration comes standard.") President Kennedy demands that the Soviets stop construction, but after the failed invasion of Cuba last year, Kennedy looks weak, so Soviet premier Nikita Khrushchev flips Kennedy the bird, in a manner of speaking. If Khrushchev can get Kennedy to back down, then the Soviets can roll over the US and its allies everywhere. But instead of backing down, Kennedy doubles down with a naval blockade of Cuba. Soviet ships challenge the blockade, and a Soviet submarine ALMOST LAUNCHES ITS NUKES! Khrushchev tries to back down, but Kennedy doesn't get the memo. The crisis continues to spin out of control because Khrushchev can't get through to Kennedy. Finally Khrushchev announces on the radio that he is pulling the missiles out of Cuba if Kennedy will pull the US missiles out of Turkey. After a little negotiating, the crisis is over, and the world is safe for democracy... for now. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5]

My Take by Alex Shrugged
I know what you are thinking. "Why didn't Khrushchev call Kennedy on the Red Phone?" There is no "Red Phone"! That is a movie fantasy, but a text-based hotline was installed after the Cuban Missile Crisis. It began with an encrypted teletype system, and is now an email system between the Pentagon and the Kremlin. Whenever something happens that might be interpreted as preparations for an attack, a notice is sent through the hotline explaining why it is NOT an attack. The message is always in text because it is believed that texting is a clearer way to communicate than voice. (I hope the word-completion feature is turned off.) But I remember being scared to death during the Crisis, and even though we all made it through, I believed that I would never see my 30th birthday. It is difficult for a man to plan for his future when he believes he has no future. That attitude nearly destroyed me. Yet here I am today. Frankly, if I had realized I was going to live this long I would have planned better. [6]

Adolf Eichmann is Put to Death

Contributed by Alex Shrugged

Agents of the Israeli government have been searching for key figures in the Nazi regime that escaped capture after World War 2. Many of these fugitives fled to Argentina which has denied extradition requests of Nazi war criminals, so when news of Adolf Eichmann's presence was reported, Israel, didn't ask for extradition. Instead, they sent a team to Argentina to grab him, and bring him back to Israel for trial. Courts, in general, are unconcerned with how the accused come to be in their courtroom, so the trial began last year. Eichmann was accused of running the transportation system that brought Jews to the death camps in Poland and confiscating their goods. He used the same defense as other Nazis, that he was simply following orders and maintaining his oaths, but there was too much evidence against him. Especially damning is the quote he admitted saying that he would gladly leap into his grave laughing with satisfaction that he had murdered 5 million Jews. It was all on TV, live in Israel and on tape in the United States. That pretty much did him in. He is hanged this year.

His last words are...

Long live Germany. Long live Argentina. Long live Austria. These are the three countries with which I have been most connected and which I will not forget. I greet my wife, my family and my friends. I am ready. We'll meet again soon, as is the fate of all men. I die believing in God. [7]
My Take by Alex Shrugged
One should use caution when a Nazi says he believes in God. Many a pastor and priest were fooled by the Nazis before World War 2 when the Nazis co-opted the churches. [8]

Notable Births

  • Chris Christie: Gov. of New Jersey (R) and Trump supporter. [9]
  • Richard Jewell (died 2007, age 44): Police officer wrongly accused of setting a bomb in Centennial Park during the Olympics. (Died of complications from diabetes.--alexshrugged) [9]
  • Phil Katz (died 2000 , age 37): Co-creator of zip files. (He died drunk in a hotel room.--alexshrugged) [9]
  • And in Entertainment...
  • -- Mike Rowe: Narrator for "The Deadliest Catch" and host of "Dirty Jobs". [9]
  • -- Jon Stewart: Comedian and hosted The Daily Show. [9]
  • -- Jim Carrey: Comdedian and actor in The Truman Show, The Mask, Liar, Liar and more. [9]
  • -- Tom Cruise: Risky Business, Top Gun, A Few Good Men, Mission Impossible and more. [9]
  • -- Paula Abdul: Singer and judge on American Idol. [9]

This Year in Film

  • The Music Man: Musical starring Robert Preston as a traveling salesman. [10]
  • The Man who Shot Liberty Valance: Starring Jimmy Stewart. [10]
  • The Manchurian Candidate: A political candidate is brainwashed. [10]
  • And Marilyn Monroe is dead: Drug overdose. Probably suicide. [10]

This Year in Music

  • Love Me Do: The Beatles. [11]
  • If I Had a Hammer: Peter, Paul and Mary. [11]
  • Return to Sender: Elvis Presley. [11]

In Other News

  • US Navy Seals are activated: They are Seal Team One and Seal Team Two. [12]
  • Rachel Carson's Silent Spring is unleashed: It will stop DDT and as a consequence disease will spread. [12]
  • The phrase "personal computer" is 1st used in print: By computing pioneer John Mauchly. [12]

This Year on Wikipedia

Year 1962, Wikipedia.

See Also

References

  1. Cuban Missile Crisis - Wikipedia (2015). Retrieved on 13 October 2015. “The Cuban Missile Crisis, also known as the October Crisis (Spanish: Crisis de octubre), The Missile Scare, or the Caribbean Crisis, was a 13-day (October 16–28, 1962) confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union over Soviet ballistic missiles deployed in Cuba. It played out on television worldwide and was the closest the Cold War came to escalating into a full-scale nuclear war.”
  2. United States embargo against Cuba - Wikipedia (2015). Retrieved on 13 October 2015. “The United States embargo against Cuba (in Cuba called el bloqueo, 'the blockade') is a commercial, economic, and financial embargo imposed by the United States on Cuba. An embargo was first imposed by the United States on Cuba on 19 October 1960 (almost two years after the Batista regime was deposed by the Cuban Revolution) when the U.S. placed an embargo on exports to Cuba except for food and medicine after Cuba nationalized American-owned Cuban oil refineries without compensation. Cuba nationalized the refineries following Eisenhower's decision to cancel 700,000 tons of sugar imports from Cuba to the U.S.”
  3. List of Taglines and Slogans - Alphabetical List of Taglines and Slogans- Strategic Name Development (2017). Retrieved on 3 March 2017. “Chrysler. Inspiration comes standard.”
  4. PGM-19 Jupiter - Wikipedia (2017). Retrieved on 3 March 2017. “The prime contractor was the Chrysler Corporation.”
  5. Alex Shrugged notes: My remarks are based on my memory of events and from my general reading. I don't have a citation for everything.
  6. Moscow–Washington hotline - Wikipedia (2017). Retrieved on 3 March 2017. “This hotline was established in 1963 and links the Pentagon with the Kremlin (historically, with Soviet Communist Party leadership across the square from the Kremlin itself). Although in popular culture known as the 'red telephone', the hotline was never a telephone line, and no red phones were used. The first implementation used Teletype equipment, and shifted to fax machines in 1986. Since 2008, the Moscow–Washington hotline is a secure computer link over which messages are exchanged by email.”
  7. Adolf Eichmann - Wikipedia (2017). Retrieved on 3 March 2017. “Eichmann was hanged at a prison in Ramla hours later—the hanging, scheduled for midnight at the end of 31 May, was slightly delayed and thus took place a few minutes into 1 June 1962.[2] The execution was attended by a small group of officials, four journalists and the Canadian clergyman William Lovell Hull, who had been his spiritual counselor while in prison.[187] His last words were:
    Long live Germany. Long live Argentina. Long live Austria. These are the three countries with which I have been most connected and which I will not forget. I greet my wife, my family and my friends. I am ready. We'll meet again soon, as is the fate of all men. I die believing in God.
    Within hours Eichmann's body had been cremated, and his ashes scattered in the Mediterranean Sea, outside of Israeli territorial waters by an Israeli Navy patrol boat.”
  8. Metaxas, Eric. Bonhoeffer: Pastor, Martyr, Prophet, Spy. Thomas Nelson. ISBN 9781595551382. “In the years ahead this would be seriously attacked, and the Nazis would stoke the fires of the culture wars (Kulturkampf) to play their enemies against each other. They would brilliantly co-opt the conservatives and the Christian churches, and when they had the power to do so, they would turn on them too.” 
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4 9.5 9.6 9.7 1962 Births - Wikipedia (2017).
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 1962 in film - Wikipedia (2017).
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 1962 in music - Wikipedia (2017).
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 1962 - Wikipedia (2017).

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