1953

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The Secret is Out: The Polio Vaccine is Here!

"It's not the Salk vaccine! ... I'm not entitled to that kind of credit and everyone knows it!"
-- Dr. Jonas Salk complaining about reporters crediting him rather than the team for the discovery of the polio vaccine. [1]

Dr. Jonas Salk is working with a team of researchers at the University of Pittsburgh looking for a vaccine for polio. Everyone is, but polio vaccines of the past have always ended in tragedy... until now. Salk himself is a genial man, easy with children and teenagers. He has a knack for gaining the trust of parents as well, which may explain why he is identified with the polio vaccine. He is also the first doctor to speak about his research on the radio. As a result, reporters have been hounding him, but he fears giving false hope. Nevertheless, his friend and supporter, Basil O'Connor, has announced trials for the vaccine to be begin late this year or the next which is... crazy. But figure 50,000 children are hit with polio each year. 10,000 of them end up crippled and a few thousand die outright. Quarantines are the rule of the day. Homes for the crippled are commonplace. Parents are terrified. So you can't run this like a normal research project. It's risk vs. benefit. The thing of it is... Salk may have something. He injected his own family with the vaccine last year, including his 2-year-old son, but those are small batches made up in a lab. He needs to test a mass-production vaccine, and that is where these things go wrong. They want to run a double-blind test meaning that patients will THINK they are getting the vaccine, and the people injecting them also think it... but some of those shots contain nothing but saline solution. Salk hates that idea, so he runs his own secret trial early this year on 166 children. (God! Where is the FDA! Out to lunch? Good!) It works. Official trials will begin early next year, but the news is out. The Salk vaccine is here!... oh... I mean the polio vaccine. [2]

My Take by Alex Shrugged
It is no wonder that older people look upon doctors as minor deities, but scientists universally agree that this sort of project NEVER could have been run today. The oral vaccine came out a few years later. It is easier to administer, but a little dangerous if you don't handle it right. Remember... risk vs benefit. YOU be the judge. I remember parents with their children lined up around the block waiting for the polio vaccine. I had a friend who survived polio mostly intact. She could walk, but couldn't dance. Nice girl. Her name is Joy. I hope she is having a good life. Now children have a chance to dance. [3] [4] [5] [6]

MK Ultra: Making Super Spies Out of Citizens

Your CIA has a little project in the works. They call it Project MK Ultra. It is an experiment in mind control. Not to worry. They aren't conducting the study without help. They have farmed out pieces of it to 149 universities, research facilities, hospitals, prisons, and pharmaceutical companies. Many of them have no idea they are working for the CIA. Some of them are fully aware, but you can trust them. They are from the government. Right? Drugs are used (such as LSD), sensory deprivation, verbal and sexual abuse as well as psychological torture. After the Watergate scandal in 1973, the CIA will stop the MK Ultra project and the core documentation will go into the shredder. Final oversight of this project will come in the form of a Freedom of Information Act request 25 years later. Thousands of documents with incidental mentions of MK Ultra will spill out, prompting a Senate hearing. By the time your government guardians get on the dime the Project will be long gone. Several Americans will be killed, having been administered drugs and other procedures that simply rendered them dead... without prior knowledge of the risk nor their consent. Have a nice day. [7] [8] [9]

My Take by Alex Shrugged
EMERGENCY REBOOT! Hello Siri. Make an appointment on my Calendar... earliest possible date... to visit my contact officer. Thank you, Siri. SHUTDOWN.

The Death of Stalin

On March 1st, 1953, Stalin had a stroke. Due to strict orders to his guards to not enter, he was left alone the entire day, despite not getting up at his usual time. When he was found around 10 PM, he was covered in urine and couldn't speak. On March 3rd, his body double, Felix Dadaev,[10] was ordered to return from his vacation; however on March 4th, in a move that shocked the world, Stalin's illness was broadcast with extensive medical details of his stroke. Following his death on March 6th[11], Georgy Malenkov took over as First Secretary of the USSR[12], until March 14th, when Nikita Khrushchev was selected to be the new First Secretary of the USSR.


My Take by Southpaw Ben
Joseph Stalin officially died of a stroke. However, a 2011 study based on his autopsy and memoirs of those there on the night of his alleged stroke, suggest he may have been poisoned.[13] The autopsy report was carefully worded to back up the initial's doctor report of Stalin having a stroke to protect themselves from the new rulers in the Kremlin, likely, in part, due to the recent doctors' plot. However, the study revealed that the doctors had also done their due diligence, potentially to allow future generations to discover what actually killed Stalin. Several key points towards Stalin having been poisoned: while high blood pressure, which Stalin was known to suffer from, does commonly cause strokes, it doesn't usually cause the vomiting of blood which was documented to have done. It has been suggested that Stalin's wine the night before had been poisoned with warfarin, which would cause the same symptoms shown by Stalin in his last days.[14] If even a rumor had escaped that Stalin had been assassinated, it could cause a violent reaction, as many Russians saw Stalin as almost a god. Stalin's death changed the face of the USSR's relations with the United States, and led to Khrushchev's policy of de-Stalinization.
My Take by Alex Shrugged
Beria, former head of the NKVD, also died of a stroke in 1953 caused by a bullet entering through his forehead. General Paval Batitsky pulled the trigger, and the population of Hell was increased by 1, but the man who ordered Beria's death was Nikita Khrushchev. A man who could do that was a powerful man indeed.[15]

Kermit saves the day or a regime change for oil?

Oil has been discovered in Iran and now the westerners are interested in the Middle East. The Anglo-Iranian Oil Company has invested heavily in the region, but doesn't seem to want to strike fair deals. Populism is on the rise and the move is afoot to nationalize the oil industry. The westerners can't have that. So MI6 (along with the CIA) hatches a plot for a coup d'état on the democratically elected government of Iran. The first attempts fail, but Kermit Roosevelt, Jr (yes Teddy's grandson) improvises and saves the day.

My Take by BryanTN

Operation AJAX eventually succeeds in bringing the Shah to supreme power which is good news for the West. At least until the Iranian Revolution in 1979 and it's been all downhill from there.

Notable Births

  • Gary Johnson: Founded one of New Mexico's largest construction companies. Republican Governor of New Mexico from 1995 to 2003, and Libertarian Party nominee for President in 2012 and 2016. [16]
  • Tony Blair: UK Prime Minister. [17]
  • Jeb Bush: Gov. of Florida and presidential candidate. [17]
  • Paul Krugman: Nobel Prize economist. (They also gave a PLO terrorist the Peace Prize so don't read too much into it.) [17] [18]
  • And in Entertainment...
  • -- Tim Allen: The Santa Clause, Galaxy Quest, the voice of Buzz Lightyear, and TV's Last Man Standing. [17]
  • -- Hulk Hogan: Professional wrestler, actor, TV personality. [17]
  • -- Colm Meaney: Star Trek: Second Generation's Miles O'Brian. (Transporter Chief) [17]
  • -- Dennis Miller: Saturday Night Live comedian and radio talk show host. [17]
  • -- Mary Steenburgen: One Magic Christmas, The Butcher's Wife, The Proposal, and more.. [17]

This Year in Film

  • The Robe: Starring Richard Burton. (The plot surrounds the crucifiction of Jesus.) [19]
  • Disney's Peter Pan: The last animated film by Disney's core team: the Nine Old Men, as they are called. [19] [20]
  • House of Wax: Starring Vincent Price. [19]
  • How to Marry a Millionaire: Starring Betty Grable, Marilyn Monroe, and Lauren Bacall. [19]

This Year in Music

  • That's Amore: (pronounced: ah-MORE-aye) Dean Martin. [21]
  • Your Cheatin' Heart: Hank Williams. (He dies in January of this year.) [21]
  • (How Much Is) That Doggie in the Window?: Patti Page. [21]

In Other News

  • The USSR's H-Bomb: This year the USSR tests it's first hydrogen bomb and later announces to the world that they are now a thermonuclear power. [22]
  • Collective Agriculture in Germany: Walter Ulbricht, First Secretary of East Germany, declares that East Germanagriculture will be collectivized. [23]
  • Doctor's Plot: In the USSR many prestigious doctors, mostly Jews, were alleged to be plotting to poison the political and military leaders by the Pravda. [24]

This Year in Wikipedia

Year 1953, Wikipedia.

See Also

References

  1. McPherson, Stephanie Sammartino. Jonas Salk: Conquering Polio. Lerner Publications Co.. ISBN 9780822549642. “Besides the inconvenience of their presence, Jonas was unhappy with reporters' use of the words "Salk vaccine." "It's not the Salk vaccine," he stressed over and over again to Basil O'Connor. "It embarrasses me with my colleagues to have it called 'Salk vaccine.' I'm not entitled to that kind of credit and everyone knows it."” 
  2. Jacobs, Charlotte DeCroes. Jonas Salk, Jonas Salk: A Life, Blackstone Audio, Inc.. 
  3. Smith, Jane S.. Patenting the Sun: Polio and the Salk Vaccine. W. Morrow. ISBN 0688094945. “Privately funded, privately organized and supervised, and quite publicly and conspicuously successful, the development and testing of the Salk vaccine was in many ways a crowning example of democratic self-help, the mass organization of individual citizens in a united effort for the public good. It was also an effort marred by bitter disputes over procedure, vicious struggles for power and prestige, a small but tragic residue of avoidable injury, and a complete failure to make an orderly transition from experimentation to implementation and from laboratory prototypes to large-scale commercial production. Almost forty years later, the only thing everyone agrees on is that it was something that could never be done again.” 
  4. Polio vaccine - Wikipedia (2017). Retrieved on 15 February 2017. “A potential, but rare, adverse effect of the oral polio vaccine (OPV) is its known ability to recombine to a form that may cause neurological infection and cause paralysis.”
  5. Circulation of Type 1 Vaccine-Derived Poliovirus in the Philippines in 2001. jvi.asm.org (2017). Retrieved on 15 February 2017. “It is now apparent that in areas with widening gaps in population immunity to poliovirus, especially where wild poliovirus circulation has ceased, viruses derived from OPV may circulate within a population, cause cases of paralytic poliomyelitis, and accumulate further mutations.”
  6. WHO - What is vaccine-derived polio?. who.int (2015). Retrieved on 15 February 2017. “On rare occasions, if a population is seriously under-immunized, an excreted vaccine-virus can continue to circulate for an extended period of time. The longer it is allowed to survive, the more genetic changes it undergoes. In very rare instances, the vaccine-virus can genetically change into a form that can paralyse – this is what is known as a circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus (cVDPV).”
  7. Project MKUltra - Wikipedia (2015). Retrieved on 3 August 2015. “The program began in the early 1950s, was officially sanctioned in 1953, was reduced in scope in 1964, further curtailed in 1967 and officially halted in 1973. The program engaged in many illegal activities; in particular it used unwitting U.S. and Canadian citizens as its test subjects, which led to controversy regarding its legitimacy. MKUltra used numerous methodologies to manipulate people's mental states and alter brain functions, including the surreptitious administration of drugs (especially LSD) and other chemicals, hypnosis, sensory deprivation, isolation, verbal and sexual abuse, as well as various forms of torture.”
  8. Senate Hearing on Project MKULTRA (PDF) (August 3, 1977). Retrieved on 15 February 2017.
  9. ADVISORY COMMITTEE ON HUMAN RADIATION EXPERIMENTS. nsarchive.gwu.edu (July 5, 1994). Retrieved on 15 February 2017. “The fact that no radiation experiments have been recovered is significant because of reports in a 1963 CIA Inspector General report on MK/Ultra that is actually still classified, but that referred to MK/Ultra as a program, quote, 'concerned with research and development of chemical, biological, and radiological materials capable of employment in the clandestine operations to control human behavior,' unquote.”
  10. The man who was Stalin's body double finally tells his story - Daily Mail Online. dailymail.co.uk (12 April 2008). Retrieved on 15 February 2017. “Dadaev's new autobiography explains that he was one of four men employed to impersonate the supreme leader, taking his place in motorcades, at rallies, on newsreel footage and wherever – as at Yalta – Stalin feared he was in particular danger.”
  11. Joseph Stalin - Wikipedia (2017). Retrieved on 14 February 2017.
  12. 1953 - Wikipedia (2017). Retrieved on 14 February 2017.
  13. Stalin's mysterious death- Surgical Neurology International (27 September 2011). Retrieved on 15 February 2017.
  14. Joseph Stalin - Wikipedia (2017). Retrieved on 14 February 2017.
  15. Nikita Khrushchev - Wikipedia (2017). Retrieved on 15 February 2017. “Khrushchev allied with Malenkov to block many of Beria's proposals, while the two slowly picked up support from other Presidium members. Their campaign against Beria was aided by fears that Beria was planning a military coup,[109] and, according to Khrushchev in his memoirs, by the conviction that 'Beria is getting his knives ready for us.'”
  16. Gary Johnson - Wikipedia (2017).
  17. 17.0 17.1 17.2 17.3 17.4 17.5 17.6 17.7 1953 Births - Wikipedia (2017).
  18. Nobel Prize controversies - Wikipedia (2017). Retrieved on 14 February 2017. “The 1994 prize went to Yasser Arafat, Shimon Peres, and Yitzhak Rabin 'to honour a political act which called for great courage on both sides, and which has opened up opportunities for a new development towards fraternity in the Middle East.' Arafat's critics have referred to him as an 'unrepentant terrorist with a long legacy of promoting violence'”
  19. 19.0 19.1 19.2 19.3 1953 in film - Wikipedia (2017).
  20. Disney's Nine Old Men - Wikipedia (2017). Retrieved on 14 February 2017.
  21. 21.0 21.1 21.2 1953 in music - Wikipedia (2017).
  22. 1953 - Wikipedia (2017).
  23. 1953 - Wikipedia (2017).
  24. 1953 - Wikipedia (2017).

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