1932

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The Lindbergh Baby Has Been Kidnapped

This is national headline news. Charles Lindbergh has worn the hero's mantel as well as any man could (to this point). He has received the Medal of Honor as an Army reserve pilot crossing the Atlantic solo. The prize money hasn't hurt either. His wife, Anne, is a glider pilot, and 20 months ago she gave birth to a baby boy that they name Charles Jr. On the night of March the 1st, the family nurse puts baby Charles to bed. Two hours later she checks on the baby. He is gone and there is a note demanding money. "Have 50.000$ redy..." Lindbergh grabs his gun and does a quick search. The American people are screaming for blood. They put Norman Schwarzkopf on the case. (Yes. It's General Schwarzkopf's father, but the General is not yet born.) Lindbergh hands off the ransom, but his boy is never returned. Months later, the body is found within sight of home, buried in a shallow grave. The boy had probably been murdered the night of the kidnapping. Schwarzkopf has suspected all along that it was an inside job. The kidnappers knew too much about the location of the nursery and the family routine. Two years later, Richard Hauptmann, will pay for a movie using a gold certificate bill. Marked gold certificates were used to pay the ransom. Hauptmann will be arrested, convicted, and sent to "Old Smokey" which is the New Jersey electric chair. Oddly, a local maid who knew the Lindberghs will commit suicide. We are done. [1] [2] [3]

My Take by Alex Shrugged
Over the years, Schwarzkopf has been criticized for his handling of the case, but even if he had cracked the case that night, the baby was already dead. There is some doubt about Richard Hauptmann's guilt, but he was just a carpenter with no visible means of support and butt-load of money in his garage. The case against him wasn't perfect, but I wouldn't have lost much sleep over it. It was also clear that he had some help. We can wonder whether the maid was part of the plot, but we will never know. The publicity and the "trial of the century!" resulted in Congress passing the Federal Kidnapping Act which makes it a federal crime to kidnap a person and carry them across state lines. In essence, if enough time passes that a kidnap victim COULD have passed state lines, then it becomes a federal case. [4]

Here Comes the Dust Bowl

There is a reason why farmers have been begging for subsidies. It is not all greed and foolishness. During World War 1 there was a sudden upsurge in demand for food products. Farmland in production expanded dramatically as farmers bought land and tried to cash in. Unfortunately, when peace broke out, the farmers were left with large mortgages, too much land in production, and prices falling. They also got used to having plenty of money, but now annual farm income has dropped by 2/3rds. More to the point, the type of farming they are doing has made the land prone to erosion, so when there is a dry winter from 1931 to 32, it is expected that a little dust might kick up during the following windy season. What actually happens is more than a little frightening, and it's just getting started. [5] [6] [7] [8]

We didn't know what to think. It started way off and it was real, real dark, and the closer it got, it got brown. [...] in thirty minutes it's just like midnight. [...] You couldn't see your hand in front of your face. And it just choked you and choked you with the dust, it was so fine.
It scared the heck out of us. Mother'd pray about it, you know. And us kids, of course we were little, and we stayed pretty close to Ma, I guarantee you.
-- Robert "Boots" McCoy recalling the Amarillo dust storm of January 1932. [9]

We Are All Liberal Fascists Now!

I am asking for a Liberal Fascisti, for enlightened Nazis.
-- H. G. Wells, addressing the Young Liberals at Oxford, July 1932. [10]

Adolf Hitler has become a naturalized German citizen in order to run for the office of President. (If only he could get rid of that terrible Austrian accent of his. He sounds like a hick... uh... I mean an unsophisticated person.) Hindenburg disagrees with many of Hitler's positions, and frankly, Hindenburg is the only one who could possibly beat Hitler in a straight up election. So... despite failing health, Hindenburg runs for office. Hitler makes a deal or "Gentleman's Agreement" with a retired general (and previous Chancellor) who wants to boot the current "Catholic Center Party" Chancellor out of office. So if the general will support Hitler for President, Hitler promises to support the general's choice for Chancellor. (Cross my heart and hope you die.) There are lots of side deals being made and as it turns out, Hindenburg wins the presidency. Hindenburg offers the Vice-chancellorship to Hitler but he refuses. It is the Chancellorship or nothing. However, the Nazi Party clearly has the momentum. It is a fascist movement.... "a liberal fascism" as H.G. Wells puts it. As promised in a previous deal, Hindenburg dissolves parliament so that new elections can be run. Then he dissolves parliament again. By early next year Hindenburg will agree to make Hitler Chancellor. This will spell the end of democracy in Germany... and eventually the retired general will leave political life, but Hitler will remember him. Despite the endorsement, Hitler will have the man assassinated during the Night of Long Knives. But that is later. For now, rest easy, if you can. [11] [12] [13]

My Take by Alex Shrugged
The whole plan created by the establishment German elders has been to manipulate the democratic process in order to eliminate democracy and go back to something resembling business as usual. Adolf Hitler was able to hijack that process at the end, inserting himself as the beneficiary of the establishment's hard work, and completely supplanting them. Hitler's movement was a youth movement. The cynical parents of the Roaring 20s, gave way to a HERO generation, but don't let that label fool you. A HERO generation gives you change you can believe in. They set things right as they perceive right to be. They are energetic, motivated and absolutely love those Hugo Boss uniforms the Nazis wear. As it said in the Hugo Boss ads (paraphrasing) "Supplying National Socialists since 1924!" It was actually 1928 but why quibble? They provided the uniforms for the Hitler Youth, SS, and the SA which were the "Brown shirts". [14] [15]

Notable Births

  • Donald Rumsfeld (Living): Secretary of Defense under Gerald Ford and George W. Bush. (He hammered the press corp.) [16]
  • Mario Cumo: A major force in the Democrat Party, father of NY Governor Andrew Cumo and Chis Cumo at CNN.[17]
  • Ted Kennedy: The lesser brother of John, and Robert. Senator Kennedy flipped his car into a river and swam to shore leaving Mary Jo to die. Did I mention his dog's name was "Splash"? (If you think I am flipping him off, that is because I am.) [18] [19]
  • And in Entertainment...
  • -- Nichelle Nichols (Living): Lt. Uhura of the original Star Trek series, and one of 1st black actresses NOT serving pancakes on TV. [20]
  • -- Elizabeth Taylor: Amazing in Cleopatra, she has been dead since 2011, but I still see her in commercials! [21]
  • -- Casey Kasem: The American Top 40 disc jockey and the voice of "Shaggy" on Scooby-Doo. [22] [23]
  • -- Donna Douglas: Sweet Elly May Clampett of The Beverly Hillbillies. [24]
  • -- Pat Morita: The cook on Happy Days, Mr. Miyagi in The Karate Kid and the voice of the Emperor in Disney's Mulan. [25]

**Note: (Living) means they were alive when I checked on 2017-Jan-17.

In Other News

  • Amelia Earhart flies solo across the Atlantic to Ireland. A farmhand asks, "Have you flown far?" She replies, "From America." [26]
  • The Purple Heart is revived. The original was established by General George Washington. [27]
  • The German Enigma Code has been broken by the Polish Cipher Bureau! Wait. The movie said that English geniuses broke the code. As the Enigma Machine became more complex, the code had to be broken again. [28]
  • Mars Bars are introduced and Milky Way Bars are repackaged. Frank Mars and his son Forrest are going to sell a lot of candy. [29] [30] [31]
  • Buck Rodgers, Tarzan, Jack Benny and radio soap operas! What next???!!!

This Year in Wikipedia

Year 1932, Wikipedia.

See Also

References

  1. Ross, John F.. Enduring Courage: Ace Pilot Eddie Rickenbacker and the Dawn of the Age of Speed. St. Martin’s Press. “Eddie's competence, growing leadership skills, and sheer toughness made it impossible for them to dismiss him as one more monkey-wrench-adept rube. Nor could they get a bead on the man who somehow defied any classic expression of the American hero: neither the unassuming, self-deprecating type made for the professional classes, like Charles Lindbergh in decades to come, nor the bang-the-beer-on-the-bar alpha male, like Barney Oldfield.” 
  2. Top 25 Crimes of the Century - The Lindbergh Kidnapping - TIME (January 18, 2011). Archived from the original on January 19, 2011. Retrieved on 17 January 2017. “Finally, in May, a battered, mutilated little corpse was found by the side of the road, not far from the Lindberghs' home. Baby Charles had been bludgeoned to death not long after he had been kidnapped. The resulting trial, sentencing and execution of German carpenter and ex-convict Bruno Richard Hauptmann for the crime would extend the infamy of the case four more years. But the Lindbergh kidnapping had become more than just a particularly heinous act. It had become the Crime of the Century.”
  3. An Account of the Trial of Richard Hauptmann. law2.umkc.edu (2005). Retrieved on 17 January 2017. “During 1932 and much of 1933, the police kept tracking locations where the marked gold ransom notes appeared. First scattered all over the city, over time the notes began to concentrate in upper Manhattan and the German-speaking district of Yorkville. On November 27, 1933, a cashier at the Loew's Theater remembered taking a gold note for a movie from an average-sized, big-nosed man who matched Condon's description of 'John.' Ten months later, the head teller of the Corn Exchange Bank in the Bronx came across a gold note with '4U-13-14- N.Y.' penciled in the margin. The teller informed investigators who assumed that the notation was for a license plate, penciled in by a gas station attendant. Their assumption turned out to be correct. The attendant at the upper Manhattan service station, John Lyons, recalled that the note came from an average-sized man, with a German accent, driving a blue Dodge. He told investigators he remarked to the man, as he gave him the gold note, 'You don't see many of those anymore.' The man replied, 'No, I have only about one hundred left.'”
  4. Federal Kidnapping Act - Wikipedia (2017). Retrieved on 17 January 2017. “Following the historic Lindbergh kidnapping (the abduction and murder of Charles Lindbergh's toddler son), the United States Congress adopted a federal kidnapping statute—known as the Federal Kidnapping Act 18 U.S.C. § 1201(a)(1) (popularly known as the Lindbergh Law, or Little Lindbergh Law)—which was intended to let federal authorities step in and pursue kidnappers once they had crossed state lines with their victim. The Act became law in 1932.”
  5. Dust Bowl - Wikipedia (2017). Retrieved on 17 January 2017. “After fairly favourable climatic conditions in the 1920s with good rainfall and relatively moderate winters, which permitted increased settlement and cultivation in the Great Plains, the region entered an unusually dry era in the summer of 1930. During the next decade, the northern plains suffered four of their seven driest calendar years since 1895, Kansas four of its twelve driest, and the entire region south to West Texas lacked any period of above-normal rainfall until record rains hit in 1941. When severe drought struck the Great Plains region in the 1930s, it resulted in erosion and loss of topsoil because of farming practices at the time. The drought dried the topsoil and over time it became friable, reduced to a powdery consistency in some places. Without the indigenous grasses in place, the high winds that occur on the plains picked up the topsoil and created the massive dust storms that marked the Dust Bowl period. The persistent dry weather caused crops to fail, leaving the plowed fields exposed to wind erosion. The fine soil of the Great Plains was easily eroded and carried east by strong continental winds.”
  6. Complete Program Transcript . Surviving the Dust Bowl . WGBH American Experience - PBS. pbs.org (2017). Retrieved on 17 January 2017. “With the outbreak of WWI, Washington wanted wheat — wheat would win the war! With record high prices, the promise of the land was coming true. Millions of acres of grassland would feel the plow for the first time. The race was on to turn every inch of the Southern Plains into profit. Appearing like giant armored bugs creeping along the horizon, tractors came to the fields in the 1920’s. With a team of horses, a farmer could barely turn three acres of prairie sod in a day. With a tractor, he could plow 50. The Great Plow-Up was under way.”
  7. Robert A. McLeman; Juliette Dupre; Lea Berrang Ford; James Ford; Konrad Gajewski; Gregory Marchildon (June 2014). "What we learned from the Dust Bowl: lessons in science, policy, and adaptation". Population and Environment 35 (4): 417–440. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11111-013-0190-z/fulltext.html. Retrieved 17 January 2017. "In terms of the human contribution to the environmental disaster unfolding on the Plains, the Committee placed particular emphasis on the overgrazing of grasslands in the middle part of the nineteenth century; land speculation facilitated by government policies; the creation of land allotments under homesteading programs that were too small to be economically viable in the long term; and the failure on the part of settlers and governments alike to recognize the aridity of the climate and the diversity in soil conditions across the region. The Committee’s recommendations for action were many and placed a heavy emphasis on federal and state government intervention in land use management and soil erosion control. The Committee did not place great emphasis on irrigation or large-scale water retention projects in its recommendations, even those would turn out to be transformative adaptations in later decades, likely because the Committee did not anticipate the technological developments to come in these areas (see White 1986 for further analysis of the report).". 
  8. Drought in the Dust Bowl Years. National Drought Mitigation Center (2017). Retrieved on 17 January 2017. “Although the 1930s drought is often referred to as if it were one episode, there were at least 4 distinct drought events: 1930–31, 1934, 1936, and 1939–40 (Riebsame et al., 1991). These events occurred in such rapid succession that affected regions were not able to recover adequately before another drought began.”
  9. Dayton Duncan. Dust Bowl: An Illustrated History, The, Burns, Ken (preface); Silverstone, Aileen (research); Shumaker, Susan (research), Chronicle Books. “Robert "Boots" McCoy was five years old. His family lived 6 miles west of the Hendersons and about 30 miles east of Boise City. Boots's father, a cattle trader originally from Arkansas, was out on the land, checking on his herd, when Boots and his older sister, Ruby Pauline, saw the big cloud approaching. They both huddled with their mother, who was pregnant at the time. “Scared us to death,” he said, nearly eighty years later:” 
  10. H. G. Wells - Conservapedia. conservapedia.com (2017). Retrieved on 17 January 2017. “'I am asking for a Liberal Fascisti, for enlightened Nazis.'”
  11. Jonah Goldberg. Liberal Fascism: The Secret History of the American Left From Mussolini to the Politics of Meaning. Doubleday. ISBN 9780385511841. “The introduction of a novel term like 'liberal fascism' obviously requires an explanation. Many critics will undoubtedly regard it as a crass oxymoron. Actually, however, I am not the first to use the term. That honor falls to H. G. Wells, one of the greatest influences on the progressive mind in the twentieth century (and, it turns out, the inspiration for Huxley's Brave New World). Nor did Wells coin the phrase as an indictment, but as a badge of honor. Progressives must become 'liberal fascists' and 'enlightened Nazis,' he told the Young Liberals at Oxford in a speech in July 1932.” 
  12. Kurt von Schleicher - Wikipedia (2017). Retrieved on 17 January 2017. “One of Schleicher's aides later recalled that Schleicher viewed the Nazis as 'an essentially healthy reaction of the Volkskörper' and praised the Nazis as 'the only party that could attract voters away from the radical left and already done so'.[54] Through his secret contacts with various Nazi leaders, Schleicher planned to secure Nazi support for a new right-wing presidential government of his creation, thereby destroying German democracy.[53] Schleicher believed that once democracy was abolished, he could in turn destroy the Nazis by exploiting feuds between various Nazi leaders and by incorporating the SA into the Reichswehr.[55] Reflecting Schleicher's reputation for deviousness and being untrustworthy, Hermann Göring joked in 1932: 'Any Chancellor who has Herr von Schleicher on his side must expect sooner or later to be sunk by the Schleicher torpedo'. There was a joke current in political circles: 'General von Schleicher ought really to have been an Admiral for his military genius lies in shooting underwater at his political friends.[”
  13. Paul von Hindenburg - Wikipedia (2017). Retrieved on 17 January 2017. “In October 1931, Hindenburg and Adolf Hitler met for the very first time in a high-level conference in Berlin over Nazi Party politics among Hindenburg's cabinet members. There were clear signs of tension throughout the meeting as it became evident to everyone present that both men took an immediate dislike to each other. Afterwards, Hindenburg often disparagingly referred to Hitler in private variously as 'that Austrian corporal', 'that Bohemian corporal' or sometimes just simply as 'the corporal'. Hindenburg not only believed mistakenly that Hitler was from Braneau in Bohemia rather than Braneau in Austria, but for Prussians like Hindenburg, the Austrian dialect that Hitler spoke his German had much the same negative effects on people from northern Germany as the Southern dialect of American English does on many people outside of the South, suggesting a lack of sophistication and education.”
  14. Sturmabteilung - Wikipedia (2017). Retrieved on 17 January 2017. “The SA have been known in contemporary times as 'Brownshirts' (Braunhemden) from the color of their uniform shirts, similar to Benito Mussolini's blackshirts.”
  15. Hugo Boss - Wikipedia (2017). Retrieved on 17 January 2017. “Though he claimed in a 1934–35 advertisement that he had been a 'supplier for National Socialist uniforms since 1924', it is probable that he did not begin to supply them until 1928 at the earliest. This is the year he became a Reichszeugmeisterei-licensed (official) supplier of uniforms to the Sturmabteilung (SA), Schutzstaffel, Hitler Youth, National Socialist Motor Corps, and other party organizations. For production in later years of the war, Hugo Boss used prisoners of war and forced labourers, from the Baltic States, Belgium, France, Italy, Austria, Poland, Czechoslovakia, and the Soviet Union.”
  16. Donald Rumsfeld - Wikipedia (2017). Retrieved on 17 January 2017. “Secretary of Defense from 1975 to 1977 under President Gerald Ford, and as the 21st Secretary of Defense from 2001 to 2006 under President George W. Bush.”
  17. Mario Cuomo - Wikipedia (2017). Retrieved on 17 January 2017. “He was the father of five, including Andrew Cuomo, the current Governor of New York, and journalist Chris Cuomo, currently at CNN.”
  18. Chappaquiddick incident - Wikipedia (2017). Retrieved on 17 January 2017. “According to Kennedy's own testimony, he accidentally drove his car off a one-lane bridge and into a tidal channel before swimming free, leaving the scene, and not reporting the accident for ten hours. Meanwhile, Kopechne had died in the car through drowning or suffocation. The next day, Kopechne's body and the car were both recovered by divers. Kennedy pleaded guilty to a charge of leaving the scene of a crash after causing injury and later received a two-month suspended jail sentence.”
  19. Alex Shrugged notes: The report that his dog's name was "Splash" comes from my recollection while listening to the Laura Ingram Show when she mentioned the fact. I hope it wasn't a joke. She didn't seem to be joking. She seemed as horrified as I am now... after all these years.
  20. Nichelle Nichols - Wikipedia (2017). Retrieved on 17 January 2017. “Nichols' Star Trek character, one of the first African American female characters on American television not portrayed as a servant,[1] was groundbreaking in U.S. society at the time. Civil rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr. personally praised her work on the show and asked her to remain when she considered leaving the series.”
  21. Elizabeth Taylor - Wikipedia (2017). Retrieved on 17 January 2017. “She was next paid a record-breaking $1 million to play the title role in the historical epic Cleopatra (1963), the most expensive film made up to that point. During the filming, Taylor and co-star Richard Burton began having an extramarital affair which caused a scandal. Despite public disapproval, Burton and she continued their relationship and were married the first time (his second marriage, her fifth) in 1964.”
  22. Scooby-Doo - Wikipedia (2017). Retrieved on 17 January 2017. “cooby-Doo is an American animated cartoon franchise, comprising several animated television series produced from 1969 to the present day. The original series, Scooby-Doo, Where Are You!, was created for Hanna-Barbera Productions by writers Joe Ruby and Ken Spears in 1969. This Saturday-morning cartoon series featured four teenagers—Fred Jones, Daphne Blake, Velma Dinkley, and Norville 'Shaggy' Rogers—and their talking brown Great Dane named Scooby-Doo, who solve mysteries involving supposedly supernatural creatures through a series of antics and missteps.”
  23. Casey Kasem - Wikipedia (2017). Retrieved on 17 January 2017. “an American disc jockey, music historian, radio personality, voice actor, and actor, known for being the host of several music radio countdown programs, most notably American Top 40, from 1970 until his retirement in 2009, and for providing the voice of Norville 'Shaggy' Rogers in the Scooby-Doo franchise from 1969 to 1997, and again from 2002 until 2009.”
  24. Donna Douglas - Wikipedia (2017). Retrieved on 17 January 2017. “an American actress and singer, known for her role as Elly May Clampett in CBS's The Beverly Hillbillies (1962–1971). Following her acting career, Douglas became a real estate agent, Gospel singer, inspirational speaker, and author of books for children and adults.”
  25. Pat Morita - Wikipedia (2017). Retrieved on 17 January 2017. “an American film and television actor who was well known for playing the roles of Matsuo 'Arnold' Takahashi on Happy Days and Mr. Kesuke Miyagi in the The Karate Kid movie series, for which he was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor in 1985.[2] He's also known for portraying the Emperor of China in the Disney animated film Mulan and Ah Chew in Sanford and Son.”
  26. Amelia Earhart - Wikipedia (2017). Retrieved on 17 January 2017. “After a flight lasting 14 hours, 56 minutes during which she contended with strong northerly winds, icy conditions and mechanical problems, Earhart landed in a pasture at Culmore, north of Derry, Northern Ireland. The landing was witnessed by Cecil King and T. Sawyer. When a farm hand asked, 'Have you flown far?' Earhart replied, 'From America.'[87] The site now is the home of a small museum, the Amelia Earhart Centre.[”
  27. Purple Heart - Wikipedia (2017). Retrieved on 17 January 2017. “By Executive Order of the President of the United States, the Purple Heart was revived on the 200th Anniversary of George Washington's birth, out of respect to his memory and military achievements, by War Department General Order No. 3, dated February 22, 1932.”
  28. Enigma machine - Wikipedia (2017). Retrieved on 17 January 2017. “Around December 1932, Marian Rejewski of the Polish Cipher Bureau used the theory of permutations and flaws in the German military message procedures to break the message keys of the plugboard Enigma machine. Rejewski did that without knowing the machine wiring, so the result did not allow the Poles to read any messages. The French had a spy with access to German cipher materials that included the daily keys used in September and October 1932. Those keys included the plugboard settings. The French gave the material to the Poles, and Rejewski used that material and the message traffic in September and October to solve for the unknown rotor wiring. Consequently, the Poles could build their own Enigmas (Polish Enigma doubles).”
  29. Milky Way (chocolate bar) - Wikipedia (2016). Retrieved on 17 January 2017. “By 1926 it came out in two flavors, chocolate nougat with milk chocolate coating, and vanilla nougat with a dark chocolate coating, each for a nickel. In June 1932, the Milky Way bar was sold as a two piece bar, but just four years later, in 1936, the chocolate and vanilla were separated.”
  30. Mars (chocolate bar) - Wikipedia (2017). Retrieved on 17 January 2017. “In 1932, Forrest Mars, son of American candy maker Frank C. Mars, rented a factory in Slough and with a staff of twelve people, began manufacturing a chocolate bar consisting of nougat and caramel covered in milk chocolate, modelled after his father's Milky Way bar, which was already popular in the US.”
  31. Milky Way (chocolate bar) - Wikipedia (2016). Retrieved on 17 January 2017. “By 1926 it came out in two flavors, chocolate nougat with milk chocolate coating, and vanilla nougat with a dark chocolate coating, each for a nickel. In June 1932, the Milky Way bar was sold as a two piece bar, but just four years later, in 1936, the chocolate and vanilla were separated.”

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