1832

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A New Jerusalem in America

After translating the Book of Mormon into English, Joseph Smith has received the revelation that a New Jerusalem will be established in America. The Second Coming is near, so he calls on his followers, the Latter Day Saints, to gather at a camp in Jackson County, Missouri. It is to be the location of the City of Zion. About 100 will show up this first year but their numbers will grow rapidly and the resentment of their neighbors will grow rapidly as well because part of Smith's revelation is that the land of the sinful will be given over to the LDS faithful. This revelation reflects what the Lord promised to the Children of Israel in the Wilderness of Sinai. The people of Canaan had displeased the Lord, and since the World is His, He can give His land over to anyone He pleases. You now understand why the people of Jackson County will be getting very nervous by next year. In 1838, the so-called Mormon War will break out and the government will issue the only order in US history to exterminate a religious group... or expel them. Your choice. The Extermination Order will remain in effect until 1976. (That is not a typo. The order will remain in effect into the 20th century!) [1] [2] [3]

"The Mormons must be treated as enemies, and must be exterminated or driven from the state if necessary for the public peace--their outrages are beyond all description." -- L. W. Boggs, Commander-in-Chief (and Governor of Missouri) Oct. 27, 1838. [4]
My Take by Alex Shrugged
I believe in revelations. I do not denigrate such experiences. On the other hand, I do not run to follow every person who has a revelation. (In other words, I try to use my head for more than just a hat rack.) A careful reading of the Bible demonstrates that revelation is not limited to one group, nor to a few lofty leaders... not even to an especially good person. If you will recall, the leader of a recent slave rebellion, Nat Turner, reported that he was visited by the Holy Spirit. Good person or not, such revelations per se were not an unusual feature of the time. LDS lays claim to revelation into the modern day. The few revelations that LDS members have shared with me seem prone to be misunderstood. Certainly, I do not understand some of them, so I set them aside as a mystery and move on. I am an Orthodox Jew and that is difficult enough to understand.

A Modern Travel Guide is Needed

The first familiar travel guide was published last year by John Murray Publishers. The introduction to the guide reads like "Visit Europe on $5 a day!", though exactly what the book provides is not made clear. After the fall of Napoleon, relative peace has settled in and people have the free time to tour, but they need some help. These are not aristocrats traveling with an entourage. Their funds are limited and they want to see what they can see without a lot of fooling around. Existing guides are long narratives that point out all the sights but they seem unable to focus on which sights are WORTH seeing. Other guides report on the history of the region, but do not address the information a traveler needs such as: "Where is the best place to eat?" "What are the best hotels?" or "How do I schedule transportation?" The German publishing company, Baedeker, has republished Professor Klein's book, A Rhine Journey from Mainz to Cologne; A Handbook for Travellers on the Move. It will be updated, and in 1839, they will completely blow the doors off: providing maps, places to eat, hotels, how much to tip. The works. They will also mark the notable sights with an asterisk. (Ooooh! Shiny!) John Murray Publishers will enclose their handbooks in a bright red cover and thereafter, the public will associate "red cover" with "travel guide." [5] [6]

My Take by Alex Shrugged
People in those days wanted the most for their money before Europe was gone. Oddly, people still want that. It is a real possibility that Europe as we know it now, won't be there in a few years. My daughter-in-law expressed that same concern, so she is traveling to Germany this year. (Her husband is working on his Phd.) She also wants to visit Iceland before it blows up. (Volcanoes. You know.) I used to joke about all the major Greek sites being be sold off to Disneyland but as Great Britain exits the EU and the financial crisis worsens, it is less of a joke. I wonder how much they would take for Deutche Bank? [7] [8] [9] [10]

In Other News

  • The Skull and Bones secret society is established after a dispute between Yale debating societies. Why? IT'S A SECRET! In the modern day, 15 men and women from the Yale junior class are "tapped" to become members. The chosen are usually campus leaders or people of note. [11] [12]
  • The word "socialism" comes into use. It is promoted in France by Pierre Leroux and by Robert Owen, the founder of the New Harmony utopia along the Wabash. [13] [14] [15]
  • Colonel William Travis is taken prisoner by the Mexican Army for a short while. His supporters in Turtle Bayou, Tejas, publish a set of resolutions supporting General Santa Anna and the Mexican Constitution of 1824. The General will later grind the Constitution into the dirt. (Did I say that out loud?) Travis will make his last stand at the Alamo in 1836. [16] [17]

This Year in Wikipedia

Year 1832, Wikipedia.

See Also

References

  1. Articles of Faith 1. LDS.org (OFFICIAL SITE) (2016). Retrieved on 21 July 2016. “10 We believe in the literal gathering of Israel and in the restoration of the Ten Tribes; that Zion (the New Jerusalem) will be built upon the American continent; that Christ will reign personally upon the earth; and, that the earth will be renewed and receive its paradisiacal glory.”
  2. Missouri Executive Order 44 - Wikipedia (2016). Retrieved on 21 July 2016. “Tensions had been steadily rising due to 1833 newspaper articles written in Independence, Missouri, which culminated in a manifesto published by many Missouri public officials.”
  3. Alex Shrugged notes: I know that God promised the land to Abraham's children, but a careful reading of the Bible makes it clear that only one branch of the family of Abraham was to inherit that land. Those were the Children of Israel.
  4. Greene, John Portineus (1839). Facts relative to the expulsion of the Mormons from the state of Missouri, under the exterminating order. Cincinnati: R.P. Brooks. Retrieved on 21 July 2016. “Headquarters of the Militia, City of Jefferson, Oct. 27, 1838.
    Gen. John B. Clark:
    Sir: Since the order of this morning to you, directing you to cause four hundred mounted men to be raised within your division, I have received by Amos Reese, Esq., of Ray county, and Wiley C. Williams, Esq., one of my aids [sic], information of the most appalling character, which entirely changes the face of things, and places the Mormons in the attitude of an open and avowed defiance of the laws, and of having made war upon the people of this state. Your orders are, therefore, to hasten your operation with all possible speed. The Mormons must be treated as enemies, and must be exterminated or driven from the state if necessary for the public peace--their outrages are beyond all description. If you can increase your force, you are authorized to do so to any extent you may consider necessary. I have just issued orders to Maj. Gen. Willock, of Marion county, to raise five hundred men, and to march them to the northern part of Daviess, and there unite with Gen. Doniphan, of Clay, who has been ordered with five hundred men to proceed to the same point for the purpose of intercepting the retreat of the Mormons to the north. They have been directed to communicate with you by express, you can also communicate with them if you find it necessary. Instead therefore of proceeding as at first directed to reinstate the citizens of Daviess in their homes, you will proceed immediately to Richmond and then operate against the Mormons. Brig. Gen. Parks of Ray, has been ordered to have four hundred of his brigade in readiness to join you at Richmond. The whole force will be placed under your command.
    I am very respectfully, yr obt st,
    L. W. Boggs, Commander-in-Chief.”
     
  5. Karl Baedeker - Wikipedia (2016). Retrieved on 21 July 2016. “1828: Rheinreise von Mainz bis Cöln; Ein Handbuch für Schnellreisende This was the travel guide written by Klein that Karl Baedeker inherited when he bought the firm of Röhling. Baedeker reissued the guide in 1832.”
  6. Koshar, Rudy (July 1998). "'What Ought to Be Seen': Tourists' Guidebooks and National Identities in Modern Germany and Europe". Journal of Contemporary History (Sage Publications, Ltd.) 33 (3): 323-340. http://www.jstor.org/stable/261119. Retrieved 21 July 2016. "A supply-side phenomenon, the tourist guidebook arose in response to new forms of consumer demand. [...] After the fall of Napoleon, the Continent saw increasing numbers of English professionals, intellectuals, industrialists and entrepreneurs on tour. These groups, the users of the Murray guidebooks, which first appeared in 1836, needed to organize their time more efficiently than earlier generations because they had substantial but not unlimited economic resources. Appropriately, Murray fashioned a guidebook for them by eliminating unnecessary detail, streamlining prose and focusing primarily on what ought to be seen rather than what could be seen.". 
  7. Murray's Handbooks for Travellers - Wikipedia (2016). Retrieved on 21 July 2016. “Murray's Handbooks for Travellers were travel guide books published in London by John Murray beginning in 1836.[1] The series covered tourist destinations in Europe and parts of Asia and northern Africa. According to scholar James Buzard, the Murray style 'exemplified the exhaustive rational planning that was as much an ideal of the emerging tourist industry as it was of British commercial and industrial organization generally.'”
  8. Dark Clouds Gather Over Deutsche Bank As Collapse Looms. newsbtc.com (July 10, 2016). Retrieved on 21 July 2016. “Particularly 2016 has been a horrible year for Deutsche Bank, which may put the final nail in the coffin of this giant in the coming years. Mounting rumors regarding the institution’s financial woes, rigging interest rates, the Brexit, and the recent IMF statement are not helping matters much. But the biggest shocker came from the US, as the Federal Reserve announced DB failed a stress test.”
  9. If Deutsche Bank collapses, it's taking the euro with it - Coffee House. blogs.spectator.co.uk (February 11, 2016). Retrieved on 21 July 2016. “The queues haven’t started forming outside branches in Frankfurt or Cologne yet. Even so, it is hard not to suspect that something is badly amiss at Deutsche Bank, Germany’s and indeed Europe’s mightiest financial institution, and the rock on which that economy is founded. The shares have been in freefall, and executives have been wheeled out to try and reassure everyone that all is well. For Deutsche to be in trouble is bad enough. But here’s the real problem. If Deutsche does go down, it is taking the euro down with it.”
  10. Maczak, Antoni (2003). "Gentlemen's Europe: Nineteenth-Century "Handbooks for Travellers"". Annali d'Italianistica (Annali d’Italianistica, Inc.) 21: 347-362. http://www.jstor.org/stable/24009870. Retrieved 21 July 2016. "In 1831 John Murray of Albemarle Str., London, produced A Family Tour through South Holland; up the Rhine; and Across the Netherlands, to Ostend. And this is how the book was introduced: In the Autumn of 1828, a family party of six persons, with a male servant, set out from London... travelling very much at their ease in the carriages of different countries ... put up at the first hotels ... and were finally set down from the Ostend steam-vessel on the Tower-hill, having expended on the whole journey just one hundred and thirty eight pounds.". 
  11. Skull and Bones - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
  12. William Graham Sumner - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
  13. Robert Owen - Wikipedia (2016). Retrieved on 21 July 2016. “The word 'socialism' first became current in the discussions of the 'Association of all Classes of all Nations' which Owen formed in 1835[9] with himself as Preliminary Father.[10] During these years his secularistic teaching gained such influence among the working classes as to give occasion for the statement in the Westminster Review (1839) that his principles were the actual creed of a great portion of them.”
  14. Grun, Bernard. The Timetables of History: A Horizontal Linkage of People and Events. Simon and Schuster, 396-397. 
  15. Pierre Leroux - Wikipedia (2016). Retrieved on 21 July 2016. “In 1834 he published an essay entitled 'Individualism and Socialism' which, despite its message of scepticism towards both tendencies, introduced the term socialism in French political discourse.”
  16. The Turtle Bayou Resolutions - TSLAC. tsl.texas.gov (2016). Retrieved on 21 July 2016. “Bradburn arrested Travis and other leaders of the opposition, leading to an armed uprising by Travis's friends in order to free him. Travis's friends captured some Mexican cavalrymen and held them hostage for a day in hopes of exchanging them for Travis and the others. When Bradburn ordered a counterattack against the rebels, they withdrew to an area known as Turtle Bayou, near the ranch house of James Taylor White, one of the first cattlemen in Texas. Here they released the Mexican captives and waited for reinforcements from like-minded hotheads in the Brazos settlements.”
  17. William B. Travis - Wikipedia (2016). Retrieved on 21 July 2016. “In May 1831, upon his arrival in Mexican Texas, a part of northern Mexico at the time, Travis purchased land from Stephen F. Austin, who appointed him consul from the United States. He set up a law practice in Anahuac and helped start a militia to oppose Mexican rule. He subsequently became a pivotal figure in the Anahuac Disturbances and was imprisoned for his involvement.”

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