Time for the First U.S. Passenger Railroad
The Erie Canal has caused the port of New York's cargo traffic to increase dramatically. That is why Maryland has approved a charter for the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad (B&O) in the hope of increasing the cargo traffic through the port of Baltimore. At first the Baltimore & Ohio will not go anywhere near Ohio. Just as the majority of the Erie Canal's business is moving cargo short distances, the initial routes of the B&O are within Maryland and Virginia. The first granite stringers (the cross members on the track) will be laid next year and that may explain why the first train station will be located at Elliot Mills where a granite quarry exists. The line will then pass over the Potomac and head for the Cumberland Gap and keep going all the way to the Ohio River. (I'm making it sound easy, but it will not be easy at all.) The B&O will be the first common carrier cargo and revenue producing passenger train in the United States. The company will print its own train schedule. (Imagine that!) And it will use a locomotive built in the United States, the Tom Thumb.   
The Democratic Party Begins
After President John Quincy Adams was "selected not elected" as President by the US Congress, the supporters of the previous presidential candidate, Andrew Jackson, WHO WON THE MOST ELECTORAL VOTES AND POPULAR VOTES, regroup in Maryland to organize a new political party called the Democratic Party. The Democrats will promote the candidacy of Major General Andrew Jackson: the guy who kicked the stuffing out of the British at the end of the War of 1812, spanked the Spanish forces in Florida, routed the Indians and restored heart, soul and dignity to every American. (I think I hear a bugle sounding the call to arms.) All kidding aside, the Congress can hear the bugles as well, and they are frightened of Jackson. Jackson is calling out Henry Clay on his "corrupt bargain" with John Q. Adams to buy the presidency. (I don't think Clay did any such thing, but it sure looks bad when Clay, as Speaker of the House, presides over the selection of Adams as President and then takes the position of Secretary of State in the Adams Administration!) This upcoming election is going to be a hoot!     
The Book of Mormon and the Golden Plates
As controversial as it might seem, I am compelled to mention that the beginning of the translation of the Book of Mormon has begun. By tradition, an angel has led Joseph Smith to the location of hidden metal tablets or Golden Plates. There is strange writing on the plates so with special glasses or with "seer stones", Smith is able to translate the strange writing into English. This translation will become the Book of Mormon. It is one of the four sacred texts of the Church of Latter-day Saints and probably the book most associated with the Church. 
In Other News
- Zarafa the Giraffe comes to France. This is the first giraffe seen in Europe in 3 centuries. It is a gift from the sultan of Egypt to the king of France. 
This Year in Wikipedia
Year 1827, Wikipedia.
- Baltimore and Ohio Railroad - Wikipedia (2016). Retrieved on 14 July 2016. “It came into being mostly because the city of Baltimore wanted to compete with the newly constructed Erie Canal (which served New York City) and another canal being proposed by Pennsylvania, which would have connected Philadelphia and Pittsburgh.”
- The North American Review Volume 0025 Issue 56 (July 1827). ebooks.library.cornell.edu (1827). Retrieved on 14 July 2016.
- History of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (1995). Retrieved on 14 July 2016.
- Railway time - Wikipedia (2016). Retrieved on 14 July 2016. “Railway time was the standardised time arrangement first applied by the Great Western Railway in England in November 1840, the first recorded occasion when different local times were synchronised and a single standard time applied. Railway time was progressively taken up by all railway companies in Great Britain over the following two to three years.”
- Maryland Democratic Party - Wikipedia (2016). Retrieved on 14 July 2016. “On May 21, 1827, that a meeting of Andrew Jackson supporters organized a political structure in the State designed to help Jackson win the Presidency after he was denied victory in 1824 despite receiving the most total votes for his electors. (Similar to the 2000 Presidential election.) The first meeting of the Democratic (Jackson) Central Committee was held at the Atheneum in Baltimore City, located on the southwest corner of St. Paul and Lexington Streets.”
- Henry Clay - Wikipedia (2016). Retrieved on 14 July 2016. “Clay, who was Speaker of the House, supported Adams, and his endorsement ultimately secured Adams' win in the House. Clay used his political clout to secure the victory for Adams, who he felt would be both more sympathetic to Clay's political views and more likely to appoint Clay to a cabinet position. When Clay was appointed Secretary of State, his maneuver was called a 'corrupt bargain' by many of Jackson's supporters and tarnished Clay's reputation. It also marked the beginning of an intense personal rivalry between Clay and Jackson.”
- Greenberg, Amy S.. Wicked War: Polk, Clay, Lincoln, and the 1846 U.S. Invasion of Mexico, A. Alfred A. Knopf. ISBN 9780307592699. “Henry Clay's biographers have been almost unanimous in their admiration for the greatest American politician who never became president. Clay was widely adored in his own time, and even admirers of his archfoe Andrew Jackson have had difficulty remaining objective in the face of Clay's personal magnetism and remarkable accomplishments.”
- Unger, Harlow G.. Henry Clay: America's Greatest Statesman. Da Capo Press. ISBN 9780306823916.
- Alex Shrugged notes: My characterization of Henry Clay comes from my memory after listening to the audiobook of "Henry Clay: America's Greatest Statesman".
- Andrew Jackson - Wikipedia (2016). Retrieved on 14 July 2016. “Jackson's supporters then founded what became the Democratic Party. He ran again for president in 1828 against Adams. Building on his base in the West and with new support from Virginia and New York, he won by a landslide. He blamed the death of his wife, Rachel, which occurred just after the election, on the Adams campaigners, who called her a 'bigamist'.”
- Rachel Jackson - Wikipedia (2016). Retrieved on 14 July 2016. “She died suddenly in 1828, probably of a heart attack, given her symptoms according to Jackson: 'excruciating pain in the left shoulder, arm, and breast.' That her death came immediately before Jackson left for Washington was more than an inconvenience; it was crippling. He held her body tightly until he was pulled away, and he lingered at the Hermitage until the latest possible date.”
- Book of Mormon - Wikipedia (2016). Retrieved on 14 July 2016. “Both the special spectacles and the seer stone were at times referred to as the 'Urim and Thummim'. During the translating process itself, Smith sometimes separated himself from his scribe with a blanket between them. Additionally, the plates were not always present during the translating process and, when present, they were always covered up.”
- Matthew 7:15-20 NKJV - You Will Know Them by Their Fruits. Bible Gateway (2016). Retrieved on 14 July 2016. “You will know them by their fruits.”
- Grun, Bernard. The Timetables of History: A Horizontal Linkage of People and Events. Simon and Schuster, 390-391.
- Phosphorus bottle pocket matches, 1828 - Joseph Allen Skinner Museum - DSC07746 - Match - Wikipedia (2016). Retrieved on 14 July 2016.
- Fountain pen - Wikipedia (2016). Retrieved on 14 July 2016. “The Romanian inventor Petrache Poenaru received a French patent on May 25, 1827, for the invention of the first fountain pen with a barrel made from a large swan quill.”
- Patent fountain pen - Fountain pen - Wikipedia (2016). Retrieved on 14 July 2016.
- Zarafa (giraffe) - Wikipedia (2016). Retrieved on 14 July 2016. “A gift from Muhammad Ali of Egypt to King Charles X of France, she was one of three giraffes Muhammad Ali sent to European rulers in 1827. These were the first giraffes to be seen in Europe for over three centuries, since the Medici giraffe was sent to Lorenzo de' Medici in Florence in 1486.”