1811

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The War of 1812 Begins in 1811

The battle takes place in the Territory of Indiana near the Tippecanoe River. The Indian tribes have formed an alliance to resist the incursion of white settlers. A Shawnee named Tecumseh (teh-KUM-seh) organizes the alliance along with his brother "The Prophet." (He receives messages from the gods.) They establish a central camp called Prophetstown that acts as a supply depot, and training camp. About 1,000 Indians live there and this has made Governor William Harrison nervous. The Secretary of War authorizes Harrison to negotiate with the Indians, so Harrison marches his troops to Prophetstown and arranges to meet with the Indians the next morning. All seems well, but that night, "The Prophet" receives a mystical message that the white man's gunpowder has turned to clay. The Indians surround Harrison's camp, but a sentry spots them and fires a shot. The camp is awakened. Harrison's men leap to their feet, but they are silhouetted against the camp fires and go down hard. Harrison mounts the first horse he can find, a BLACK horse. This saves his life because the Indians are looking for Harrison on his WHITE horse. The Prophet is singing songs of victory, but it is soon apparent that the Indians have lost. The Indian alliance is shattered, and when the Americans find British supplies in Prophetstown, they are certain that the Battle of Tippecanoe was a British plot. [1] [2]

My Take by Alex Shrugged
Some historians believe that this was the 1st battle in the War of 1812. People's attitudes on both sides became very firm after those British supplies were found. Governor William Harrison had let his guard down somewhat when the Indians were so willing to talk. Frankly, it is difficult to predict what people will do when they don't know themselves. After the battle, Harrison took the nickname of "Old Tippecanoe". Many years later he ran for President with the campaign slogan "Tippecanoe and Tyler too." (Yes. Reminding voters that he was an Indian-killer really helped the campaign.) Thirty-two days into the Harrison Administration, "Old Tippecanoe" dropped dead, making John Tyler President. When it was time for reelection, Tyler made his campaign issue the gathering in of the Republic of Texas as a state, but James K. Polk took the issue away from Tyler and signed the agreement making Texas the 28th state on December 29th, 1845. [3] [4]

The Luddites Sabotage Progress

For hundreds of years the weavers of the textile industry have been the mainstay of any economy. (For a modern comparison, they are like the union autoworkers of the 1960s and 70s.) But with the advent of automation such as carding machines to separate wool, and power looms to make cloth, the production of each worker has doubled, tripled, and quadrupled which means that fewer workers are required to do the same work. More and more textile workers are now out of work, so the textile workers have organized to attack the factories. The machines are broken. Wooden shoes are thrown into the gears. The shoes are called "sabot" (sah-BO), which is where we get the word, "sabotage" meaning a deliberate attempt to destroy. These saboteurs are called "Luddites". No one knows for sure where the name came from but by tradition, it is derived from the name, Ned Ludd, one of the first to break a machine. In the modern day a "Luddite" is any person who opposes new technology. [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10]

My Take by Alex Shrugged
There is a notion that somehow businesses are holding back on jobs in order to pocket big profits for the rich. Other than with government-supported monopolies like professional sports franchises, I don't see how that could work. A business pays the least wages it can and still attract the best workers. If there are many qualified people willing to do a job, a business can pay a worker less. If there are fewer people to fill the slot, a business will pay more. Why? Because if a business doesn't pay more, then its competitor will hire the workers away and the business will fold. The Luddites didn't want charity. They wanted to work, but they only wanted to work doing the same old things the same old way. New, efficient technology usually causes a displacement of workers. It is a pain in the neck for those workers who are displaced but if we didn't move forward with new technology what would we do with all those people who made buggy-whips or those guys with shovels that followed horses down the street?

In Other News

  • Avogadro's Law is published. If any number of gases are of equal volume, temperature and pressure, they contain the same number of molecules. [11]
  • Jane Austen publishes "Sense and Sensibility". Great movie and book. "Sensibility" means "Lacking in sense." (See... "chucklehead.") [12]
  • Harriet Beecher Stowe is born. She will write "Uncle Tom's Cabin," the novel that suggests that slave-owners are persecuting Jesus. (Uncle Tom being the aforesaid "Jesus"-figure.) [12]

This Year in Wikipedia

Year 1811, Wikipedia.

See Also

References

  1. Battle of Tippecanoe - Wikipedia (2016). Retrieved on 19 June 2016. “The Battle of Tippecanoe (/ˌtɪpikəˈnuː/ TIP-ee-kə-NOO) was fought on November 7, 1811, near present-day Lafayette, Indiana between United States forces led by Governor William Henry Harrison of the Indiana Territory and Native American warriors associated with the Shawnee leader Tecumseh. Tecumseh and his brother Tenskwatawa (commonly known as 'The Prophet') were leaders of a confederacy of Native Americans from various tribes that opposed US expansion into Native territory. As tensions and violence increased, Governor Harrison marched with an army of about 1,000 men to disperse the confederacy's headquarters at Prophetstown, near the confluence of the Tippecanoe and Wabash Rivers.”
  2. Tucker, Spencer C.. Battles That Changed American History: 100 of the Greatest Victories and Defeats. ABC-CLIO, LLC, 79-83. ISBN 9781440828614. 
  3. Tippecanoe and Tyler Too - Wikipedia (2016). Retrieved on 20 June 2016. “'Tippecanoe and Tyler Too', originally published as 'Tip and Ty', was a very popular and influential campaign song of the Whig Party's colorful Log Cabin Campaign in the 1840 United States presidential election. Its lyrics sang the praises of Whig candidates William Henry Harrison (the 'hero of Tippecanoe') and John Tyler, while denigrating incumbent Democrat Martin Van Buren.”
  4. Texas annexation - Wikipedia (2016). Retrieved on 20 June 2016. “On March 1, 1845, President Tyler signed the annexation bill, and on March 3 (his last day in office), he forwarded the House version to Texas, offering immediate annexation (which preempted Polk). When Polk took office the next day, he encouraged Texas to accept the Tyler offer. Texas ratified the agreement with popular approval from Texans. The bill was signed by Polk on December 29, 1845, accepting Texas as the 28th state of the Union. Texas formally relinquished its sovereignty to the United States on February 19, 1846.”
  5. Hammond, J. L.. The skilled labourer, 1760-1832. Longmans, Green, and co., 83-86. 
  6. Luddite - Wikipedia (2016). Retrieved on 20 June 2016. “The movement began in Arnold, Nottingham on 11 March 1811 and spread rapidly throughout England over the following two years.[14][15] Handloom weavers burned mills and pieces of factory machinery.”
  7. Sabotage - definition of sabotage (2016). Retrieved on 20 June 2016. “The deliberate attempt to damage, destroy, or hinder a cause or activity.”
  8. Sabot - definition of sabot (2016). Retrieved on 20 June 2016. “a shoe with a thick wooden sole and sides and a top of coarse leather.”
  9. Ned Ludd - Wikipedia (2016). Retrieved on 20 June 2016. “Ned Ludd, possibly born Edward Ludlam,[1][2] is the person from whom, it is popularly claimed, the Luddites took their name.”
  10. Luddite - definition of Luddite (2016). Retrieved on 20 June 2016. “One who opposes technical or technological change”
  11. Amedeo Avogadro - Wikipedia (2016). Retrieved on 19 June 2016. “In 1811, he published an article with the title Essai d'une manière de déterminer les masses relatives des molécules élémentaires des corps, et les proportions selon lesquelles elles entrent dans ces combinaisons ('Essay on Determining the Relative Masses of the Elementary Molecules of Bodies and the Proportions by Which They Enter These Combinations'), which contains Avogadro's hypothesis. Avogadro submitted this essay to a Jean-Claude Delamétherie's Journal de Physique, de Chimie et d'Histoire naturelle ('Journal of Physics, Chemistry and Natural History', Piedmont at the time forming part of the First French Empire).”
  12. 12.0 12.1 Grun, Bernard. The Timetables of History: A Horizontal Linkage of People and Events. Simon and Schuster, 380-381. 

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