1804

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The Haitian Massacre and Ethnic Cleansing

French citizens are being systematically slaughtered after a long and successful slave revolt has freed Haiti from French oppression. A few years ago, Emperor Napoleon had re-instituted slavery in France's West Indies holdings which led to a revolt and the establishment of the free republic of Haiti beginning this year. The first fruits of the new republic leave a bitter taste. Emperor Jacques the 1st of Haiti, Governor-for-life and founder of the Haitian republic, has decreed that all French loyalists will be put to the sword. Over 3,000 men, women and children are slaughtered. The Governor-for-life reasons that if the Republic is to have a chance at survival, it must remove the elements of society that still remember the old system. What such reformers fail to realize is that they, themselves, still remember the old system. Emperor Jacques, Governor-for-life, will be assassinated within two years. A monument will mark the spot. In the modern day, the memory of Emperor Jacques's ill-considered mass murders will be gently set aside in favor of his efforts to free Haiti. [1] [2] [3]

My Take by Alex Shrugged
The phrase "Ethnic Cleansing" came into use in the 1990s during the Yugoslav Wars which included the Bosnian War and Kosovo War. Yugoslavia was created after World War 2 as a confederation of smaller ethnic states. They managed to stay united under the strong-arm tactics of President-for-Life Tito (TEE-tow). However, after Tito died, Yugoslavia broke apart as each state declared its independence, but others wanted to stay together. Then people started shooting, women were raped and the whole mess devolved into what was called "ethnic cleaning" as if they were just mopping up a spill on aisle 9. In fact, it consisted of rape, forced evacuations and mass murder. US citizens shouted, "We have to DO SOMETHING!" President Bill Clinton said that he would solve the problem. It would be a quick war. He sent US aircraft on bombing raids. A downed US pilot evaded patrols and survived on rain water and bugs until he got home. In the end, 140,000 people died. Mass graves were discovered and something akin to the Nuremberg trials began. One fellow got 40 years in prison. Another died of a heart attack while on trial. It wasn't enough, but if we gave mass murderers all that they deserved, what would become of us? So we render what justice we can and hope that there is a special Hell for people like that. [4] [5] [6]

The Philadelphia is Burning

The 1st Barbary War has been a minimalist effort by Thomas Jefferson to avoid foreign entanglements while protecting US shipping in the Mediterranean from the Barbary Pirates. Last year the frigate USS Philadelphia was sent as part of the blockade of the port of Tripoli. Unfortunately she hit an uncharted reef and was captured along with her crew of 305. This has become an embarrassment, so the USS Intrepid is fitted with sails to look like a local merchant ship and glides into Tripoli Harbor at night declaring an emergency after being damaged in a storm. (Yes. They have someone who speaks Arabic.) Before the light of dawn, Lieutenant Stephan Decatur and several Marines board the Philadelphia in an attempt to retake her or if that fails to set her aflame. Within 10 minutes, the Philadelphia is theirs, but it is severely damaged and cannot be towed. Decatur and his men set several fires and abandon ship. The Philadelphia starts to drift. It's cannons, loaded with shot, are so hot that they fire into the town. Everyone is awake now. The Intrepid escapes to sea as its sister ship, Syren, lays down cover fire. It is a bold action, praised by all except those in Tripoli. Lieutenant Decatur is a national hero. [7] [8]

My Take by Alex Shrugged
If you ever wondered how the conflict between the United States and the Middle East ever got started, it goes back to 1776 when America declared its independence. Great Britain stopped paying tribute to the pirates for American shipping. The pirates interdicted American shipping, taking cargo and captives, making them into slaves. White women were especially treasured as concubines and fetched a good price. The USA started paying tribute, but it became such a large part of the budget that it was cheaper (and more manly) to build a whole navy to fight the pirates. In fact, one of the reasons for establishing a Constitution was to collect money to build a navy so that America could go over there and kick their backsides. Thomas Jefferson wanted to minimize that effort to save money and pay down the debt. If you follow Thomas Jefferson closely you find that his actions and his principles are often in conflict. He is not a fool. He knows reality, but at times he finds himself straddling two mules going in opposite directions. [9]

In Other News

  • Aaron Burr kills Alexander Hamilton in a duel. Burr is investigated but not charged with a crime. His political career is dead though. Both of them were too dangerous for the United State's long-term stability, but neither deserved to die... at least at that point, but they were working on it. [10] [11]
  • The Lewis and Clarke Expedition sets out on its epic journey. After buying half a continent, Thomas Jefferson figured he had better find out what he had bought. [12]

This Year in Wikipedia

Year 1804, Wikipedia.

See Also

References

  1. Jean-Jacques Dessalines - Wikipedia (2016). Retrieved on 9 June 2016. “Jean-Jacques Dessalines is known for the ordering of the execution of all French people on the island. This systematic genocide is known as the 1804 Haiti massacre. The massacre, which took place in the entire territory of Haiti, was carried out from early February 1804 until 22 April 1804, and resulted in the deaths of between 3,000 to 5,000 people of all ages and genders.[”
  2. Secret history; or, The horrors of St. Domingo, in a series of letters, written by a lady at Cape Francois, to Colonel Burr, late vice-president of the United States, principally during the command of General Rochambeau. archive.org (1808). Retrieved on 9 June 2016.
  3. Haiti - Wikipedia (2016). Retrieved on 9 June 2016. “The slaves, along with free gens de couleur and allies, continued their fight for independence. Jean-Jacques Dessalines defeated French troops at the Battle of Vertières on 18 November 1803, leading the first ever successful slave army revolution. In late 1803, France withdrew its remaining 7,000 troops from the island and Napoleon gave up his idea of re-establishing a North American empire. With the war going badly, he sold Louisiana (New France) to the United States, in the Louisiana Purchase.”
  4. Ethnic cleansing - definition of ethnic cleansing (2016). Retrieved on 9 June 2016. “the elimination of an unwanted ethnic group or groups from a society, as by genocide or forced emigration.”
  5. Yugoslav Wars - Wikipedia (2016). Retrieved on 9 June 2016. “According to the International Center for Transitional Justice, the Yugoslav Wars resulted in the deaths of 140,000 people. The Humanitarian Law Center estimates that in the conflicts in former Yugoslav republics at least 130,000 people lost their lives.”
  6. Slobodan Milošević - Wikipedia (2016). Retrieved on 9 June 2016. “Milošević was found dead in his prison cell on 11 March 2006, in the UN war crimes tribunal's detention center, located in the Scheveningen section of The Hague, Netherlands.[134] Autopsies soon established that Milošević had died of a heart attack.”
  7. Oren, Michael B.. Power, Faith, and Fantasy: America in the Middle East: 1776 to the Present. W. W. Norton. ISBN 9780393058260. 
  8. Stephen Decatur - Wikipedia (2016). Retrieved on 9 June 2016. “Without losing a single man, Decatur and 60 of his men, dressed as Maltese sailors or Arab seamen and armed with swords and boarding pikes, boarded and reclaimed Philadelphia in less than 10 minutes, killing at least 20 of the Tripolitan crew, capturing one wounded crewman, and forcing the rest to flee by jumping overboard. Only one of Decatur's men was slightly wounded by a saber blade. There was hope that the small boarding crew could launch the captured ship, but the vessel was in no condition to set sail for the open sea. Decatur soon realized that the small Intrepid could not tow the larger and heavier warship out of the harbor. Commodore Preble's order to Decatur was to destroy the ship where she berthed as a last resort, if Philadelphia was unseaworthy. With the ship secure, Decatur's crew began placing combustibles about Philadelphia with orders to set her ablaze. After making sure the fire was large enough to sustain itself, Decatur ordered his men to abandon the ship and was the last man to leave Philadelphia.”
  9. Milton, Giles. White Gold. Farrar, Straus and Giroux. ISBN 9780374289355. 
  10. Grun, Bernard. The Timetables of History: A Horizontal Linkage of People and Events. Simon and Schuster, 376-377. 
  11. Hamilton–Reynolds sex scandal - Wikipedia (2016). Retrieved on 9 June 2016. “The Hamilton–Reynolds Affair was a political scandal around the time of the presidencies of George Washington and John Adams. Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton had a two-year affair with Maria Reynolds while paying Maria's husband, James Reynolds, blackmail money to maintain secrecy. Hamilton was forced to admit the affair after James Reynolds threatened to implicate him in Reynolds' own scheme involving unpaid back wages intended for Revolutionary War veterans. The affair was one of the first sex scandals in American political history.”
  12. Lewis and Clark Expedition - Wikipedia (2016). Retrieved on 9 June 2016. “According to Jefferson himself, one goal was to find 'the most direct and practicable water communication across this continent, for the purposes of commerce.' Jefferson also placed special importance on declaring U.S. sovereignty over the land occupied by the many different tribes of Native Americans along the Missouri River, and getting an accurate sense of the resources in the recently completed Louisiana Purchase.”

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