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The Cossacks Rebel against Peter the Great *

For years, rebels and discontents have been escaping into the semi-autonomous region surrounding the River Don. It is also the home of the Don Cossacks. Peter the Great has been taxing beards in an attempt to modernize Russia, but the Cossacks see it as a religious intrusion. Indeed, the Bible does prohibit the shaving of the corners of one's beard, a commandment that is subject to interpretation, but does that make Peter the Great the Anti-Christ? To the Cossacks... apparently so. The Cossacks are especially worried about Imperial encroachment upon the salt mines that they depend upon for food preservation. When Peter the Great sends Imperial bounty hunters into the region to pick up a few escaped serfs, the Cossacks see it as an invasion and ambush them. Several Russian counties will take part in this hullabaloo, including parts of Ukraine. The Cossack rebellion is on. [1] [2]

My Take by Alex Shrugged
FYI, Russia was in the midst of a rather difficult war with Sweden at the time so the ambush of Imperial bounty hunters looks like an accident of circumstance... just one last straw that broke the camel's back for the Cossacks. And everyone still remembered the Cossack-Polish War that forced Ukraine into the arms of Russia for protection. Generally speaking, Ukraine did not want direct control from Russia but they knew that without Russian protection they were open to a Polish invasion. In the modern day, that whole region is STILL worried about invasion. During the recent Russian-Ukraine conflict, Poland announced plans in November 2015 to increase the number of army personnel and equipment by 50% in order to protect their border integrity and in June 2015, the United States committed to moving tanks into the region. What could possibly go wrong? [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8]

Measuring the Pulse of the People and Jim the Horse

Sir John Floyer publishes his first volume on Chinese medicine but it is more than a simple translation of Chinese medical advice. He is suggesting to his fellow physicians that they measure the patient's pulse as a normal part of diagnosis. Sir John provides a great deal of data and examples of how the Chinese have benefited from this practice. It is his custom to be exhaustively complete... painfully so, at times. A few years ago he published a book on medicines after taking the medicines himself. He believed (AND HE WAS CORRECT) that many doctors would prescribe medicines for their patients that the doctor would never dream of taking themselves. He categorized these medicines by taste and smell and even blistered his tongue a few times. He listed the diseases for which the medicines could help, or were utterly useless. [9] [10] [11]

My Take by Alex Shrugged
I'd like to say that the FDA (Food and Drug Administration) was born out of a careful consideration of the future needs of the public, but it came about because of Jim the Horse. It was a classic screw-up. In the early 1900s, Jim the Horse was the source of antibiotics to fight diphtheria. Unfortunately, he caught tetanus (that disease we might get if we cut our hand on a rusty nail). Jim the Horse was put down, but some of the contaminated medicine had already gone out. 13 children died. It was a senseless tragedy that could have been avoided. (Some of the medicine was missed due to incorrect dating on the label.) The FDA began its monitoring yet the draconian measures they take cannot guarantee that 13 more people will not die. They can put out warnings galore: "This sleep medicine may cause insomnia" or "This drug may turn you into an axe murderer," and so forth. No one is listening any more. Someone, somewhere WILL be injured or die from a drug and the only guarantee you have is that your family can sue... unless the government grants the company limited immunity from prosecution. [12] [13]

Billiards and Forbes Field *

* Billiards is being played in coffee houses in Berlin. By 1727, it will be played in every café in Paris. [14] [15]
* John Forbes is born. (A British general during the French-Indian Wars) Forbes Field will become the home of the Pittsburgh Pirates, the Pittsburgh Steelers, and the University of Pittsburgh's Pitt Panthers. [16]

This Year in Wikipedia

Year 1707, Wikipedia.

See Also


  1. Bulavin Rebellion - Wikipedia (2014). Retrieved on 28 December 2014.
  2. Hullabaloo - definition of hullabaloo (2016). Retrieved on 11 January 2016. “a clamorous noise or disturbance; uproar.”
  3. Poltava, Battle of. Encyclopedia of Ukraine (2016). Retrieved on 11 January 2016. “The turning point in the Northern War (1700–21) between Sweden and Russia. When Hetman Ivan Mazepa learned that Tsar Peter I intended to abolish the autonomy of the Hetman state, he began secret negotiations with Charles XII of Sweden to ensure that Ukraine would not be annexed by Poland in the event of a Swedish victory. After the main Swedish army entered Ukraine, Mazepa openly sided with Charles against Peter. The entire matter was complicated by the fact that the Swedish force that was to have marched directly on Moscow had unexpectedly turned south toward Ukraine before reaching Smolensk. Mazepa was left in an awkward position, but tried to accommodate the Swedes as well as he could.”
  4. Polish Troops Head East to Face Russian Threat: Poland redeploys army in response to Kremlin danger (VIDEO). Ukraine Today (October 28, 2014). Retrieved on 11 January 2016. “Warsaw has announced a major strategic realignment of its military posture following Russia’s invasion of neighbouring Ukraine; in a move that would see thousands of troops shifted from its western to eastern borders. Most of Poland’s 120,000-strong army remains based along the country's western border but defence officials say the bulk of the force will be moved east by 2017. The announcement follows a visit by new NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg earlier this month.”
  5. "Ukraine crisis: 'World stands on brink of conflict,' warns Polish prime minister", The Daily Telegraph, 2 March 2014. Retrieved on 11 January 2016. “Donald Tusk, the Polish prime minister, has warned the 'world stands on the brink of conflict' over Ukraine, and that 'Europe must send a clear signal it will not tolerate any acts of aggression of intervention.'” 
  6. "US confirms it will place 250 tanks in eastern Europe to counter Russian threat", The Daily Telegraph, 23 June 2015. Retrieved on 12 January 2016. “Ash Carter, the US defence secretary, said Estonia, Lithuania, Latvia, Bulgaria, Romania and Poland will host equipment in order to reassure Nato countries alarmed by Russian action in Ukraine.” 
  7. Why are Polish men in London getting military call-up papers?. The Week UK (March 24, 2014). Retrieved on 12 January 2016. “At least 7,000 reservists have been recalled to the colours for immediate exercises lasting between 10 and 30 days.”
  8. "Poland to increase the size of army by 50 per cent to 'guarantee the integrity'", The Daily Telegraph, 26 November 2015. Retrieved on 12 January 2016. “Beata Szydlo, Poland's new prime minister who took office this month following the victory of her Law and Justice party in October's general election, has called Russia Poland's 'enemy', and many in her government view Moscow with the deepest suspicions.” 
  9. Grun, Bernard. The Timetables of History: A Horizontal Linkage of People and Events. Simon and Schuster, 324-325. “Sir John Floyer (1649-1734) introduces counting of rate of pulse beats” 
  10. John Floyer (physician) - Wikipedia (2015). Retrieved on 11 January 2016. “As a physician, Floyer was best known for introducing the practice of pulse rate measurement, and creating a special watch for this purpose.”
  11. Gibbs, D. D. (25 January 1969). "Medical History: Sir John Floyer, M.D. (1649-1734)". The British Medical Journal 1: 242-245. http://www.bmj.com/content/bmj/1/5638/242.full.pdf. "The significance of the work is his insistence on the value of accurate measurement of pulse rates, so that, as he says, 'We may know the natural pulse and the excesses and defects from this in diseases.'". 
  12. Jim (horse) - Wikipedia (2016). Retrieved on 12 January 2016. “These failures in oversight led to the distribution of antitoxin that caused the death of 12 more children. This incident, and a similar one involving contaminated smallpox vaccine, led to the passage of the Biologics Control Act of 1902, which established the Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research.”
  13. US Supreme Court Gives Total Liability Shield to Big Drug Companies. articles.mercola.com (March 22, 2011). Retrieved on 12 January 2016. “In a 6-2 decision, the Court majority voted to reject substantial evidence that current law was fully intended to protect an American's right to sue a pharmaceutical corporation for injuries that could have been prevented if the company had elected to make a safer vaccine.”
  14. Grun, Bernard. The Timetables of History: A Horizontal Linkage of People and Events. Simon and Schuster, 324-325. “Billiards introduced in Berlin coffeehouses” 
  15. Cue sports - Wikipedia (2015). Retrieved on 12 January 2016. “Billiards grew to the extent that by 1727, it was being played in almost every Paris café.”
  16. John Forbes (British Army officer) - Wikipedia (2015). Retrieved on 12 January 2016. “Forbes Field, which served as the home field for the Pittsburgh Pirates, Pittsburgh Steelers and the Pitt Panthers football team, was named after John Forbes. Also Forbes Avenue running from the Ohio River in Downtown Pittsburgh to Frick Park and the start of the eastern suburbs is named in his honor and roughly follows his colonial road.”

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