I'm a German Princess and I Need Your Help!
Mary Carleton is going to hang today and if anyone could use some tender mercy it probably is NOT her. Mary Carleton is a liar, a thief and a fraud. A few years ago, after an earlier bigamy charge was dropped, she moved to Germany where she trifled with the affections of a German lord. She skipped town with the gifts he had showered on her and most of the rent money she owed her landlady. Returning to England, she impersonated a German princess and married "Lord Carleton." An anonymous letter accused Mary of fraud. The scandal grew to epic proportions when "Lord Carleton" took her to court. Mary is a confident liar so the jury believed her. She was helped by the fact that "Lord Carleton" was not a Lord at all! He was a fraud too. He had no substantial assets so Mary took a job as an actress in a satirical play entitled "The German Princess" which had been written to mock her... not to employ her. She was later convicted of theft and sentenced to "penal transportation." England sends criminals, and undesirables to penal colonies in America, never to return under threat of death. (The penal colony of Botany Bay, Australia will not be established for another 100 years.) Now Mary has returned to England under an assumed name. Say bye-bye to the "German Princess." They have caught her, and she is going to swing.    
Surprise! New York becomes New Orange! *
Twenty-three ships of the Dutch fleet have come over the horizon to take back New York. They are good at this. A few years ago they sailed up the Thames to beat the tar out of the English fleet. Shortly thereafter, London was hit by the Plague, and that is why the Dutch were blamed for that outbreak. Now the Dutch have come to New York to take back some of their own. The old fort has fallen into disrepair and the cannons are not worth the gunpowder needed to blow them up. The Dutch change the name of New York to New Orange but the new name won't last long. By next year a peace treaty will be signed and New Orange will be returned to the English. Caribbean islands that had been taken by the English during the war, will be returned to the Dutch. The Dutch were never too excited about their North American colony. Returning it to the English will seem more like passing on a debt than awarding a prize. It will be a very long time before New York prospers.   
This Year on Wikipedia
Year 1673, Wikipedia.
- * The asterisk in the section header indicates that it was read on the podcast.
- Bernbaum, Ernest. The Mary Carleton Narratives, 1663-1673. Harvard University Press; [etc., etc.], 1-2. “She appeared in London, took lodgings at an inn, and professed to be a high-born German lady, whose noble relations had wished to force her into a distasteful marriage. By the aid of forged letters from abroad, by a liberal display of false jewelry, and by the possession of remarkable audacity, resourceful capabilities, and charm, she imposed successfully upon all that met her, and came to be known as the German Princess. A young student of the law, John Carleton, aided by his rapacious relatives, pretended to be a lord, and in April of the same year, 1663, won her affectedly reluctant consent to marriage. A few weeks after the wedding, the real circumstances of her past were discovered by the Carletons, and Mary was arrested for bigamy.”
- Mary Carleton - Wikipedia (2015). Retrieved on 4 November 2015. “Carleton was born Mary Moders in Canterbury. According to later accounts she married a journeyman shoemaker named Thomas Stedman and gave birth to two children who died in infancy. She later left her husband to move to Dover where she married a surgeon, prompting her arrest and trial in Maidstone for bigamy. After the trial she visited Cologne where she had a brief affair with a local nobleman. He gave her valuable presents, pressed her for marriage and began the preparations for a wedding. She, however, slipped out of Germany with all the presents and most of her landlady's money, returning to England through the Netherlands.”
- Penal transportation - Wikipedia (2015). Retrieved on 3 November 2015. “For example, France transported convicts to Devil's Island and New Caledonia and England transported convicts, political prisoners and prisoners of war from Scotland and Ireland to its colonies in the Americas (from the 1610s until the American Revolution in the 1770s) and Australia (1788–1868), the practice becoming available in Scotland consequent to the Union of 1707 but used less than in England.”
- Botany Bay - Wikipedia (2015). Retrieved on 3 November 2015. “On 29 April 1770, Botany Bay was the site of James Cook's first landing of HMS Endeavour on the continent of Australia, after his extensive navigation of New Zealand. Later the British planned Botany Bay as the site for a penal colony. Out of these plans came the first European habitation of Australia at Sydney Cove. Even though the penal settlement was almost immediately shifted to Sydney Cove, for some time in Britain transportation to 'Botany Bay' was a metonym for transportation to any of the Australian penal settlements.”
- Advanced-fee scam - Wikipedia (2015). Retrieved on 4 November 2015. “A United States government report in 2006 indicated that Americans lost $198.4 million to Internet fraud in 2006, averaging a loss of $5,100 per incident.”
- The Sting (1973). IMDb.com (1973). Retrieved on 4 November 2015. “In Chicago in September 1936, a young con man seeking revenge for his murdered partner teams up with a master of the big con to win a fortune from a criminal banker.”
- Treaty of Breda (1667) - Wikipedia (2015). Retrieved on 4 November 2015. “The Dutch side declined. In the East Indies, the Dutch secured a worldwide monopoly on nutmeg by forcing England to give up their claim on Run, the most remote of the Banda Islands. The Act of Navigation was moderated in that the Dutch were now allowed to ship German goods, if imported over the Rhine, to England.”
- Treaty of Westminster (1674) - Wikipedia (2015). Retrieved on 4 November 2015. “The Treaty of Westminster of 1674 was the peace treaty that ended the Third Anglo-Dutch War. Signed by the Netherlands and England, it provided for the return of the colony of New Netherland to England and renewed the Treaty of Breda of 1667. It also provided for a mixed commission for the regulation of commerce, particularly in the East Indies.”
- Wallace, R. W. (September 17, 1914). "The Tercentenary of New York --(II.) New York Under the English". The Journal of Education (Trustees of Boston University) 80 (9): 232-233. http://www.jstor.org/stable/42798329. Retrieved November 4, 2015. "In 1673 a fleet of twenty-three Dutch ships sailed into the bay and demanded the surrender of the place. It would have been madness to refuse the demand of such a force, for the fort had largely fallen into decay, and the guns were useless, and gunners lacking. [...] The name of New York was expunged by the victors, and New Orange became the new name.".
- Test Act - Wikipedia (2015). Retrieved on 4 November 2015. “The Test Acts were a series of English penal laws that served as a religious test for public office and imposed various civil disabilities on Roman Catholics and Nonconformists. The principle was that none but people taking communion in the established Church of England were eligible for public employment, and the severe penalties pronounced against recusants, whether Catholic or Nonconformist, were affirmations of this principle.”
- Sacramental Test Act 1828 - Wikipedia (2015). Retrieved on 4 November 2015. “It repealed the requirement that government officials take communion in the Church of England. The provision was no longer enforced but its presence in law gave dissenters and Catholic inferior legal status.”