1662

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The Act of Uniformity Produces Political Correctness for Religion

In an attempt to bring Anglican, Puritan and Presbyterians together, a small conference was convened last year to revise the Common Book of Prayer. While they agreed to the revisions there was dispute about a change to the liturgy so uniformity of observance by negotiation failed. Now there will be uniformity by law. The revised Common Book of Prayer is designated as the official prayerbook. It is mandatory that it be used and all bishops, ministers, deacons and anyone else they can think of, must take an oath to follow this Act of Uniformity. Because of this final demand, 2,000 clergy refuse to take the oath. This is known as "The Great Ejection" as the Anglican Church achieves unexpected uniformity of thought by summarily ejecting all dissenters. Portions of this law will remain in force into the modern day ("modern day" being defined as 2010). [1] [2] [3]

My Take by Alex Shrugged
Political correctness was a term used by socialists in the early 20th century to disparage overly zealous communists who strenuously advocated the straight Communist Party line even when it made them look like asses. But the socialists expected some people to step out of line and their plan to deal with them was public shaming. I'm not saying that all politically correct maniacs are communists, but the general tactic of bringing people into line through social shaming and legal pressure has now become the political correctness the socialists condemned. Socialism has its virtues in small groups (like small churches for example) but as the groups get larger the normal social pressure to conform (which is often helpful to those who WANT to fit into a group) becomes a dictatorial power and then you've created a modern version of the thought police. George Orwell's "1984" and "A Clockwork Orange" by Anthony Burgess both need updates but it is the natural tendency of government to force the masses to conform. (It makes governing easier... though not always better.) It was true in 1662. It was true in 1920 and it remains true today. [4] [5]

Say Bye-bye to the Dodo Birds... and the Indians *

No one has realized it yet but the last sighting of the Dodo Bird occurs this year. (FYI, you can never know when your last sighting will be until you account for the location of every bird.) The Dodo only lives on the island of Mauritius east of Madagascar. The island was largely ignored until 1598 when several Dutch ships lost their way in a storm. They landed on the island to care for their sick and injured. They named it Mauritius after Maurice, the Prince of Orange and colonized the island in 1638. The Dutch East India Company requires a report of everything the sailors find so a description of a large bird with shortened wings is sent back to the home office. They also make some Darwin-like speculations about how a flightless bird that cannot swim could possibly be found in such isolation. The colonists have stocked the island with pigs and goats which are competing for island resources with the Dodo. At some point, (probably 1690 [6]) the last of the species will go extinct. The Dutch will abandon the island by 1701. It is just too difficult to maintain a colony there. [7] [8] [9]

My Take by Alex Shrugged
OK... a good book to read about how scientists can calculate approximately when a species goes belly up is "Dinosaur in a Haystack" by Stephen Jay Gould where the author demonstrates statistically that the dinosaurs were killed off right around the time that a big asteroid hit the planet. (Some people had suggested that the dinosaurs had been dying off well before that time.) To prove his case, all he had to do was to find one particular dinosaur bone at one specific layer in the strata... somewhere on the frickin' planet. It is a beautiful demonstration of logic and perseverance. (Spoiler alert! He finds it.) Regarding the Dodo bird's competition for resources on the island, some scientists suggest that the Dodo bird had already suffered a catastrophic reduction in population prior to the arrival of man, probably due to a storm, but feral pigs were a real environmental problem. In 1662 in Virginia and New England, feral pigs were eating the "natural" roots that the Indians would use as an emergency food supply if their "natural" crops failed. Thus their "natural" agricultural system was slowly collapsing while the European mono-crop system was prevailing. Feral pigs were one of the reasons that America looked a lot like Europe by the 1700s. [10] [11] [12]

This Year on Wikipedia

Year 1662, Wikipedia.

See Also

References

* The asterisk in the section header indicates that it was read on the podcast.
  1. Act of Uniformity 1662 - Wikipedia (2015). Retrieved on 14 October 2015. “It prescribed the form of public prayers, administration of sacraments, and other rites of the Established Church of England, following all the rites and ceremonies and doctrines prescribed in the Book of Common Prayer. Adherence to this was required in order to hold any office in government or the church, although the edition of the Book of Common Prayer prescribed by the Act (1662) was so new that most people had never even seen a copy. It also required episcopal ordination for all ministers made explicit, i.e. deacons, priests and bishops, which was reintroduced after the Puritans had abolished many features of the Church during the Civil War.”
  2. Great Ejection - Wikipedia (2015). Retrieved on 14 October 2015. “The Great Ejection followed the Act of Uniformity 1662 in England. Two thousand Puritan ministers left their positions as Church of England clergy, following the changes after the restoration to power of Charles II. It was a consequence (not necessarily intended) of the Savoy Conference of 1661.”
  3. Savoy Conference - Wikipedia (2015). Retrieved on 14 October 2015. “The Savoy Conference of 1661 was a significant liturgical discussion that took place, after the Restoration of Charles II, in an attempt to effect a reconciliation within the Church of England.”
  4. Political correctness - Wikipedia (2015). Retrieved on 14 October 2015. “It was used by Socialists against Communists, and was meant to separate out Socialists who believed in egalitarian moral ideas from dogmatic Communists who would advocate and defend party positions regardless of their moral substance.”
  5. Alex Shrugged notes: In the recent Democrat debates (October 2015), Hillary Clinton referred to 1920 as a time when things were going wrong and only when Democrats were in power things went right (or words to that effect.) In 1920, the worst of the worst Democrats was in power... Woodrow Wilson. Conformity was not just the rule, it was the mandate for governance. And the government was being run by a woman (Wilson's wife). So Hillary's remarks at the debate were Hillarious, so to speak.
  6. "Scientists pinpoint dodo's demise", BBC News, British Broadcasting Corporation, 20 November, 2003. Retrieved on 15 October 2015. “It was a statistical analysis and it suggested the last dodo died not in 1662 but 28 years later, in 1690.” 
  7. Hume, Julian P. (2006). "The History of the Dodo Raphus cucullatus and the Penguin of Mauritius" (PDF). Historical Biology (Taylor and Francis Group) 18 (2): 65-89. http://julianhume.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2010/07/History-of-the-dodo-Hume.pdf. 
  8. Dodo - Wikipedia (2015). Retrieved on 14 October 2015. “The first recorded mention of the dodo was by Dutch sailors in 1598. In the following years, the bird was hunted by sailors, their domesticated animals, and invasive species introduced during that time. The last widely accepted sighting of a dodo was in 1662. Its extinction was not immediately noticed, and some considered it to be a mythical creature.”
  9. Dutch Mauritius - Wikipedia (2015). Retrieved on 15 October 2015. “They landed and decided to name the island 'Prins Maurits van Nassaueiland', after Prince Maurits (Latin version: Mauritius) of the House of Nassau, the stadtholder of Holland, but also after the main vessel of the fleet which was called 'Mauritius'. From those days, only the name Mauritius has remained. On 2 October, the ships took to the sea again towards Bantam.”
  10. Natural disaster may have killed dodos. Reuters (4 July 2006). Retrieved on 15 October 2015. “Scientists who unearthed a mass dodo grave in Mauritius say they have found evidence showing a natural disaster killed the birds long before humans arrived on the Indian Ocean island.”
  11. "DNA yields dodo family secrets", BBC News, British Broadcasting Corporation, Thursday, 20 November, 2003. Retrieved on 15 October 2015. “Their analysis shows the dodo and the solitaire to be close relatives, with their nearest living relative the Nicobar pigeon Caloenas nicobarica from the Nicobar Islands and nearby south-east Asia.” 
  12. Alex Shrugged notes: I am talking about Indians whose primary way of living is through agriculture. Their way of life will diminish over time. Those Indian tribes based primarily on hunting will last a lot longer as identifiable groups.

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