The War of the Three Kingdoms and Remembering the Alamo *
Every since the Bishops' War ended between Presbyterian Scots and Anglican English, the Irish Catholics have been feeling uncomfortable. Peace between the Scots and the English means turning their unused armies loose upon Ireland. Most Englishmen see Ireland as a wilderness populated with primitive, uncivilized people, so the English and the Scottish Protestants feel justified in civilizing it. But the Irish Catholics can't tell the difference between the process of "civilizing" and the process of stealing everything they have! With the ongoing British Civil War, the Catholics make a deal with King Charles the 1st to keep their lands. That frees up the royalist armies to fight in the civil war down south, but after King Charles loses that war, the Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell will remember the Irish Catholics who sided with the King. By the end of the century only 14% of Ireland will remain in Catholic hands.       
The White Slaves of Barbary and the Mark of the Nazarene
The Barbary Pirates have been devastating English shipping. At this point 3,000 to 5,000 men, women and children have been taken capture and sold as slaves by the local sultan. Even in the midst of the British Civil War, Parliament makes demands on the local churches to collect money to ransom their fellow Englishmen. It's going to take a lot of money to get this job done. On average a slave can be redeemed for about 150 pounds sterling or about $20,000 in modern dollars.   
Some Critical Discoveries
- * Christmas Island is discovered. (Santa is happy.) 
- * Tasmania was discovered last year by a guy named Tasman. What a coincidence!
- * New Zealand was discovered by the same guy. He called it Staten Island. 
This Year on Wikipedia
Year 1643, Wikipedia.
- * The asterisk in the section header indicates that it was read on the podcast.
- British History in depth: Ireland and the War of the Three Kingdoms. BBC History (2015). Retrieved on 11 September 2015. “Confederate fortunes improved with the outbreak of the English civil war in August 1642, which diverted military supplies away from Ireland. The colonial government's offensive ground to a halt, enabling the confederates to organise their armies, assisted by veterans such as Owen Roe O'Neill and Thomas Preston who returned from the continent with men and equipment. In early 1643 confederate and royalist representatives initiated talks, which resulted in a cessation agreement in September.”
- Wars and Conflicts - Plantation of Ulster - English and Scottish Planters - 1641 Rebellion. BBC History (2014). Retrieved on 11 September 2015. “The sheer volume of deaths associated with the 1641 rebellion is a contentious issue, not least because the number of Protestant fatalities was soon inflated to several hundreds of thousands by contemporary and subsequent Protestant writers. Modern research calculates the actual number of deaths to be 12,000 out of a total Protestant population in Ulster at the time of 40,000, a massacre by any scale even if some thousands of these occurred as a result of military combat rather than the slaughter of the defenceless.”
- The War of Three Kingdoms in Ireland, 1641-48. History Reconsidered (2012). Retrieved on 11 September 2015. “On 25 September Solemn League and Covenant between Scotland and English Parliamentarians was agreed to, creating an alliance between the two, obligating the Scots to provide an army to use against the Royalists in return for English conformity to Presbyterian worship, or so the Scots thought.”
- The Ulster Troubles. Irish Media Man (March 29, 2012). Retrieved on 11 September 2015. “In 1642, landowners and clergy created a power base; 'Alienated from the crown, confederates constructed power structures in Kilkenny' (Siochrú, 1994). Their purpose: to re-establish order and negotiate with the king. In terms of occupation, the Confederates consisted of landowners, clergy, lawyers, soldiers and wealthy merchants; 'The Confederation derived strength from landowners who were the backbone of power' (Cope, 2003). For six years they worked as the de facto government, controlling tracts of the island; 'the negotiations between Charles I and the Confederation endured from the signing of a truce in 1643 until the king’s death in 1649 (Lowe, 1964)”
- Background to the Conflict. Ireland's Eye (2015). Retrieved on 11 September 2015. “The Rising of 1641 against the Planters caused a massacre of Protestants, and the Cromwellian conquest in the 1650s resulted in a massacre of Catholics.”
- Portadown Massacre - Wikipedia (2015). Retrieved on 11 September 2015. “Historian Nicholas Canny suggests that the violence escalated after a failed rebel assault on Lisnagarvey in November 1641, after which the settlers killed several hundred captured insurgents. Canny writes, 'the bloody mindedness of the settlers in taking revenge when they gained the upper hand in battle seems to have made such a deep impression on the insurgents that, as one deponent put it, 'the slaughter of the English' could be dated from this encounter'.”
- Canny, Nicholas P.. Making Ireland British, 1580-1650. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0198200919.
- Battle of the Alamo - Wikipedia (2015). Retrieved on 12 September 2015. “On the afternoon of April 21 the Texian army attacked Santa Anna's camp near Lynchburg Ferry. The Mexican army was taken by surprise, and the Battle of San Jacinto was essentially over after 18 minutes. During the fighting, many of the Texian soldiers repeatedly cried 'Remember the Alamo!' as they slaughtered fleeing Mexican troops.”
- Battle of San Jacinto - Wikipedia (2015). Retrieved on 12 September 2015. “The Battle of San Jacinto, fought on April 21, 1836, in present-day Harris County, Texas, was the decisive battle of the Texas Revolution. Led by General Sam Houston, the Texian Army engaged and defeated General Antonio López de Santa Anna's Mexican army in a fight that lasted just 18 minutes.”
- The Troubles - Wikipedia (2015). Retrieved on 12 September 2015. “In 1609, Scottish and English settlers, known as planters, were given land confiscated from the native Irish in the Plantation of Ulster. Coupled with Protestant immigration to 'unplanted' areas of Ulster, particularly Antrim and Down, this resulted in conflict between the native Catholics and the 'planters', leading in turn to two bloody ethno-religious conflicts known as the Irish Confederate Wars (1641–53) and the Williamite war (1689–91), both of which resulted in Protestant victories.”
- Texas Revolution - Wikipedia (2015). Retrieved on 12 September 2015. “The Texas Revolution (October 2, 1835 - April 21, 1836) began when colonists (primarily from the United States) in the Mexican province of Texas rebelled against the increasingly centralist Mexican government. After a decade of political and cultural clashes between the Mexican government and the increasingly large population of American settlers in Texas, hostilities erupted in October 1835.”
- Alex Shrugged notes: I calculated the ransom cost of slaves in two ways. A woman ransomed her husband in 1642 for 150 pounds sterling, which is a little less than $21,000 in 2015 dollars. And in the accounts I saw, the author related that it cost $6,000 to redeem 4 French slaves which I assume was in 1853 dollars. That was $1500 per slave and translated into $18,600. So I figure the cost to redeem a slave was $20,000 in 2015 dollars.
- Milton, Giles. White Gold. Farrar, Straus and Giroux. ISBN 9780374289355. “By the 1640s, at least 3,000 Englishmen and women had been taken to Barbary, where they were languishing 'in miserable captivity, undergoing divers and most insufferable labour, such as rowing in galleys, drawing carts, grinding in mills, with divers such unchristianlike works, most lamentable to express.'”
- Sumner, Charles. White Slavery in the Barbary States. J. P. Jewett and Company. “Waller, who was orator as well as poet, exclaimed in Parliament, 'By the many petitions which we receive from the wives of those miserable captives at Algiers, (being between four and five thousand of our countrymen,) it does too evidently appear, that to make us slaves at home is not the way to keep us from being made slaves abroad.'”
- Alex Shrugged notes: I estimated how much it would cost to save a Christian by taking the $10 million dollars the Nazarene Fund is trying to raise and divide that number by the 400 families they are trying to save. Assuming each family is a family of 4, that makes it $6,250 per person saved.
- The Nazarene Fund: Frequently Asked Questions -. Glenn Beck (2015). Retrieved on 13 September 2015. “Between now and December 2015 our goal is to raise $10 million to save more than 400 families from regions taken over by ISIS.”
- Islamic State: Lord George Weidenfeld 'repays debt' by funding rescue mission of persecuted Christians from Isis attack. International Business Times (July 16, 2015). Retrieved on 13 September 2015. “A hundred and fifty people have already flown from Syria to Poland as part of the first stage of Operation Safe Havens, which is organised by the Weidenfeld Safe Havens Fund. However the mission has come under criticism for not rescuing Muslims. 'The primary objective is to bring the Christians to safe haven,' Lord Weidenfeld told The Times. 'I can't save the world but there is a very specific possibility on the Jewish and Christian side. Let others do what they like for the Muslims.'”
- Christian Syrian Refugees Denied Visas to West. CBN News - Christian News (December 27, 2013). Retrieved on 13 September 2015. “Christian Syrian refugees have found temporary shelter in Jordan, but their immigration requests have been rejected by Western countries.”
- Restoring Unity and The Nazarene Fund. Cosmopolitan Cornbread (September 1, 2015). Retrieved on 13 September 2015. “A couple weeks ago I got a tattoo. If you follow me on Instagram or YouTube, you already know about it. I got the 'mark of the Nazarene.' There will never be any doubt as to where I stand.”
- Fiji - Wikipedia (2015). Retrieved on 12 September 2015. “The Dutch explorer Abel Tasman visited Fiji in 1643 while looking for the Great Southern Continent.”
- The Truman Show (1998) - IMDb. imdb.com (2015). Retrieved on 12 September 2015. “An insurance salesman/adjuster discovers his entire life is actually a T.V. show.”
- Christmas Island - Wikipedia (2015). Retrieved on 12 September 2015. “Captain William Mynors of the Royal Mary, an English East India Company vessel, named the island when he sailed past it on Christmas Day, in 1643.”
- Abel Tasman - Wikipedia (2015). Retrieved on 12 September 2015. “On 24 November 1642 Abel Tasman reached and sighted the west coast of Tasmania, north of Macquarie Harbour.”
- Abel Tasman - Wikipedia (2015). Retrieved on 12 September 2015. “On 13 December they sighted land on the north-west coast of the South Island, New Zealand, becoming the first Europeans to do so.”
- Australia - Wikipedia (2015). Retrieved on 12 September 2015. “After the European discovery of the continent by Dutch explorers in 1606, Australia's eastern half was claimed by Great Britain in 1770 and initially settled through penal transportation to the colony of New South Wales from 26 January 1788.”