Challenging a Tyrant and Guatemala's Corruption Problem *
Well... it has been an unpleasant year for King Charles the 1st. He has been ruling Great Britain without a Parliament for over a decade. Then last year the Bishops' War in Scotland forced the King to convene Parliament to fund an army in order to bring the Scottish Presbyterians to heel, but he fails to get funding. Then the King convenes a longer Parliament which passes laws that limit the King's power but doesn't fund his army. Without an army, the King must negotiate to end the Bishops' War. In the meantime, the English Parliament delivers the Great Remonstrance to the King... a document of protest of the King's abuses. This document will precipitate the British Civil War and cause Oliver Cromwell to abandon his dream of joining the Massachusetts Bay colony. He is going to be needed in England for years to come, especially after King Charles is beheaded in 1649. Cromwell will become the defacto king.   
Massachusetts Body of Liberties Makes Slavery Legal
At this time there is no practical reason for Massachusetts to pass such a law except that certain people in the colony have bought a few slaves and the war with the Pequot Indians has produced a number of captives that have been sold into slavery to the West Indies. Here is the quote from the Body of Liberties, number 91 with corrections made for spelling...   
- 91. There shall never be any bond slavery, villeinage, or captivity amongst us unless it be lawful captives taken in just wars, and such strangers as willingly sell themselves or are sold to us. And these shall have all the liberties and Christian usages which the law of God established in Israel concerning such persons doth morally require. This exempts none from servitude who shall be judged thereto by authority.  
Mount Parker Erupts in the Philippines
Mount Parker erupts in a sound heard hundreds of miles away identified as musket shots or perhaps 'war drums'. This is one of several eruptions throughout the Philippines although this will be the last one for Mount Parker into the modern day. The volcanic ash will contribute to a general cooling of Earth's temperatures and produce drought and general bad weather for Japan, China and Ukraine. It will leave a crater that will eventually fill with water and become a lake.  
This Year on Wikipedia
Year 1641, Wikipedia.
- * The asterisk in the section header indicates that it was read on the podcast.
- Antonia Fraser. Cromwell (Ebook), Alfred A. Knopf, Inc.. ISBN 9780802195821. “We know that the idea of the Puritan New World attracted Cromwell throughout his life: his correspondence shows a continued warm interest in those adventurers who had sailed forth on the great quest for conscience' sake. His speeches as Lord Protector, and many aspects of his foreign policy, exhibit a positively romantic conception of the colonial ideal -- to find or found the godly life. The idea of making the leap himself lingered in his mind after the 1630s: according to Clarendon, in 1641, when the Grand Remonstrance was presented to the King, Cromwell whispered in the ear of Falkland that if it had not gone forward, he had made up his mind to emigrate.”
- Irish Rebellion of 1641 - Wikipedia (2015). Retrieved on 8 September 2015. “The Irish Rebellion of 1641 (Irish: Éirí Amach 1641) began as an attempted coup d'état by Irish Catholic gentry, who tried to seize control of the English administration in Ireland to force concessions for the Catholics living under English rule. The coup failed and the rebellion developed into an ethnic conflict between native Irish Catholics on one side, and English and Scottish Protestant settlers on the other. This began a conflict known as the Irish Confederate Wars.”
- The Grand Remonstrance, with the Petition accompanying it.. Constitution.org (December 1, 1641). Retrieved on 8 September 2015. “That your Majesty will likewise be pleased to remove from your council all such as persist to favour and promote any of those pressures and corruptions wherewith your people have been grieved; and that for the future your Majesty will vouchsafe to employ such persons in your great and public affairs, and to take such to be near you in places of trust, as your Parliament may have cause to confide in; that in your princely goodness to your people you will reject and refuse all mediation and solicitation to the contrary, how powerful and near soever.”
- No Agenda Episode 754 - 'Juloon' (AUDIO CLIP). Adam.Curry.com (2015). Retrieved on 8 September 2015.
- Guatemala President Otto Pérez Molina Steps Down After Arrest Warrant for Corruption Allegations. Latino Post (September 4, 2015). Retrieved on 8 September 2015. “The arrest warrant was issued on Wednesday, Sept. 2, by Guatemala's attorney general. Pérez Molina, 64, was detained on Thursday after the country's Congress accepted his resignation by a 118-0 vote, stripping him off of his immunity, CNN reported. Pérez is held in Guatemala City's Matamoros jail, as ordered by Judge Miguel Angel Gálvez.”
- "Otto Pérez Molina of Guatemala Is Jailed Hours After Resigning Presidency", New York Times, September 3, 2015. “Protesters, however, have not been happy about their choices. The leading candidate, Manuel Baldizón, a businessman, is widely seen as part of the discredited political system. His vice-presidential candidate faces charges in a separate corruption case, and Mr. Baldizón's party had maintained a close alliance with Mr. Pérez Molina and his party.”
- Guatemala vice-president steps down amid customs corruption scandal. The Guardian (May 8, 2015). Retrieved on 8 September 2015. “A sombre president Perez Molina said Roxana Baldetti had abandoned her offices in the presidential palace and he was informing congress. He called the decision 'brave' and thanked her for her service.”
- No Escape (2015). IMDb (2015). Retrieved on 8 September 2015. “In their new overseas home, an American family soon finds themselves caught in the middle of a coup, and they frantically look for a safe escape in an environment where foreigners are being immediately executed.”
- 1493: Uncovering the New World Columbus Created (BOOK), Knopf. ISBN 9780307265722. “Slavery would have existed in the Americas without the parasite. In 1641 Massachusetts, which had little malaria, became the first English colony to legalize slavery explicitly.”
- First Slaves Arrive in Massachusetts. HistoryCentral.com (2013). Retrieved on 8 September 2015. “The first slaves are recorded as having arrived at the Massachusetts colony on December 12, 1638 on board Desire.”
- Pequot War - Wikipedia (2015). Retrieved on 8 September 2015. “The Pequot War was an armed conflict between the Pequot tribe and an alliance of the English colonists of the Massachusetts Bay, Plymouth, and Saybrook colonies and their Native American allies (the Narragansett and Mohegan tribes) which occurred between 1634 and 1638. The Pequots lost the war. At the end, about seven hundred Pequots had been killed or taken into captivity. Hundreds of prisoners were sold into slavery to the West Indies.”
- Massachusetts. The Colonial Laws of Massachusetts: reprinted from the edition of 1660, with the supplements to 1672 : containing also, The Body of Liberties of 1641. Published by order of the City Council of Boston, under the supervision of William H. Whitmore, Rockwell and Churchill, city printers. Retrieved on 8 September 2015.
- Alex Shrugged notes:
* Bond slavery is debt slavery. You are working off a debt.
* Villeinage is a type of serfdom. You must be available to work the land or in the manor.
* Captives in just wars means formal prisoners of war. Not terrorists. Not murderers. Not rustlers.
* Willing strangers in this context are non-Christians who think they can do better as a slave.
- Slavery in Massachusetts. Slavery in the North (2013). Retrieved on 8 September 2015. “A Massachusetts law of 1641 specifically linked slavery to Biblical authority, and established for slaves the set of rules 'which the law of God, established in Israel concerning such people, doth morally require.' When two Massachusetts slave merchants joined with London slave raiders in a massacre of an African village in 1645, the colonial government registered its indignation, because the two men were guilty of the Biblical crime of 'man-stealing' (kidnapping Africans instead of acquiring them in the approved way, in exchange for rum or trinkets) -- and because the slaughter of 100 or so villagers had taken place on a Sunday. Nonetheless, because of its Scriptural foundation, Massachusetts' attitudes toward slaves in some ways were more progressive than those of other colonies.”
- Alex Shrugged notes: My Takes comes from years of studying the Bible in detail. I'm glad to be corrected, but often people who think they know what the Bible says have never actually read it. Ignorance is bliss.
- 1493: Uncovering the New World Columbus Created (BOOK), Knopf. ISBN 9780307265722. “The 1641 eruption was heard throughout the Philippines--a 'noise in the air of musketry, artillery, and war drums'”
- Mount Parker (Philippines) - Wikipedia (2015). Retrieved on 7 September 2015. “Mount Parker is believed to have erupted thrice over the past 3,800 years, the last one on January 4, 1641. The 1641 eruption caused the formation of the crater lake.”