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The Jamestown Massacre and the Sins of the Father *

Chief Powhatan passed away in 1618 leaving his brother to lead the tribe. The new chief has never liked the Jamestown settlers. The Virginia Company had been bleeding money for years, but with the new cash crop of tobacco they finally stand a chance of making money. The Jamestown settlers had made an earlier agreement with the Indians but there is a terrible misunderstanding. The Indians thought they had agreed to an English trading post and supporting town. The English thought they had agreed to expansion for their tobacco plantations. Now the Indians will push the English back in their place. In the early morning, Indian warriors walk casually through the plantations surrounding Jamestown. In many cases the settlers invite them in for breakfast. Unarmed, the Indians pick up whatever is handy as a weapon. The attack is swift, brutal and utterly merciless. Before the morning is over, more than 300 men, women and children lay dead, with many having no idea they were under attack before they breathed their last. The Powhatan tribe believes this attack is simple fair play. The English settlers believe otherwise, but they can do very little to return an attack. The majority of the survivors are women and children. [1] [2]

My Take by Alex Shrugged
In reading accounts of the Jamestown Massacre, I saw an attempt by some historians to forgive the Indians for this attack. I'm tired of the modern day need to fix blame or extract apologies from people who had nothing to do with some ancient misdeed. I allow that there was a misunderstanding before this massacre... but the misunderstanding was mostly on the part of the English. The Indians seemed to understand perfectly. Their land was being taken by the English. The English saw a chance to make the settlement pay off by planting tobacco on every open plot of land. A few of the settlers were concerned for the welfare of the Indians so in return for that small kindness, one family was warned by a concerned Indian before the attack. They warned Jamestown in turn, but the outlying areas never got a timely warning. The English took the attack as moral justification to appropriate the land. It was punishment for the atrocity, but right or wrong, it is beyond our power to forgive those misdeeds. The only people with that power (if they ever had such power) were the people who were injured. Those people are all dead, and we don't punish the son for the sins of his father. The son is having enough difficulty accounting for his own sins of today.

The First Bottled Water: It's Holy Refreshing

A local spring in the Malvern Hills has a reputation for purity. It is rumored to cure various illnesses. It is a Holy Well and people will travel long distances to drink from its waters. It has become so popular, the owner of the land is bottling the water and selling it. Malvern Water is the first bottled water. It will eventually be bought out by Johann Jacob Schweppe, who will use the Holy Well to produce Schweppes carbonated water. In later years, Schweppes will move their bottling facilities. The Malvern Spring remains a Holy Well and it comes with a perpetual legal covenant that allows travelers to use the spring. Some people will use the spring for (unauthorized) religious rituals and vandalism will become a problem in the modern day. [3] [4] [5] [6] [7]

My Take by Alex Shrugged
A religious man once asked my wife the question, "How do you make holy water?" She admitted she had no idea. He replied, "You boil the Hell out of it." (You are now permitted to laugh.) It is never explained what makes Malvern Water holy. I don't want to dismiss the idea. God can act in whatever way He wants to act in His world, but if I wanted to produce a logical explanation for the power of holy water to heal, I would look for the opposite. Is there a way to become ill from seemingly no cause? Certainly there are people who can worry themselves into illness, so why can't they be reassured into wellness with holy water?

Notable Events This Year *

  • New Year is Now January 1st - It used to be in March, right before Easter.
  • The English Parliament is Disbanded - King James is unhappy with his Parliament for expecting freedom of speech for the Parliament. [8]
  • Richelieu is made Cardinal - This is the same Cardinal who plays a prominent role in the fictional story of The Three Musketeers. [9]
  • War, War, and More War - There are sieges, skirmishes and outright battles in the 30 Year's War and 80 Years' War... more than I'd care to mention in detail.

This Year on Wikipedia

Year 1622, Wikipedia.

See Also


* The asterisk in the section header indicates that it was read on the podcast.
  1. 1493: Uncovering the New World Columbus Created (BOOK), Knopf. ISBN 9780307265722. “Early that morning Indians slipped into European settlements, knocking on doors and asking to be let in. Most were familiar visitors. They came unarmed. Many accepted a meal or a drink. Then they seized whatever implement came to hand--kitchen knife, heavy stewpot, the colonists' own guns--and killed everyone in the house. The assault was brutal, widespread, and well planned.” 
  2. Bernard Bailyn. The Barbarous Years: The Peopling of British North America: The Conflict of Civilizations, 1600–1675. Alfred A. Knopf. ISBN 9780307960825. “In plantation after plantation from west to east, north and south of the James, the Indians turned on their unsuspecting hosts, in some places while sharing 'breakfast with people at their tables,' and with axes, hammers, shovels, tools, and knives slaughtered them indiscriminately, 'not sparing eyther age or sexe, man, woman, or childe; so sodaine in their cruell execution that few or none discerned the weapon or blow that brought them to destruction.'” 
  3. Holy Well, Malvern - Wikipedia (2015). Retrieved on 10 August 2015. “Malvern water has been bottled and distributed in the UK and abroad from as early as the reign of James I, with water bottling at the Holy Well being recorded in 1622.”
  4. Holy Well (extract from Malvern "Hill of Fountains"). (2006). Retrieved on 10 August 2015. “Frequently in medieval times, those who believed they had benefited from, or been healed by the water of a particular well or spring, would return there to make an offering. For many years gifts and written prayers and wishes were left at the Holy Well in the adjacent 'Sanctuary' room. Even today visitors leave objects and flowers at this well, which is now also Well Dressed every year on May Day.”
  5. "Holy Well Vandalised". Malvern Springs and Wells (Friends of Malvern Springs and Wells) (13). March 2006. http://www.thespasdirectory.com/profilego.asp?ref=283B383C. Retrieved 10 August 2015. "Once again the Holy Well at Malvern Wells has been the subject of vandalism under the guise of religious extremists. The Holy Well building is private property and should be respected as such. Graffiti has again been scrawled on the walls 'Our Lady Lives' etc., and the presence of burnt wood and scorched artefacts suggest some form of ritual burning has taken place. Whilst such things as the votive offerings and published material left there are an expression of individual’s personal religious beliefs and should be respected, the denigrating of the delicate fabric of the historic building and the graffiti reduces it to the state of the average public toilet.". 
  6. Historic bottling plant at Holy Well open for business again. Malvern Gazette (9 November 2009). Retrieved on 10 August 2015. “Nestled into the hillside at the top of Holy Well Road, the spring was Malvern’s most popular spout during the 18th century, and was home to Schweppes in the 19th century before it re-located over the hills to Colwall.”
  7. Water, as nature intended. Birmingham Post (July 24, 2009). Retrieved on 10 August 2015. “There was just one catch: the property, in an idyllic wooded setting, happened to have the ancient well attached – and a legally-binding covenant stipulating that the water should always be available for the restoration of weary travellers.”
  8. James VI and I and the English Parliament - Wikipedia (2015). Retrieved on 11 August 2015. “James flatly told them not to interfere in matters of royal prerogative or they would risk punishment; to which provocation they reacted by issuing a statement protesting their rights, including freedom of speech. Urged on by Buckingham and the Spanish ambassador Gondomar, James ripped the protest out of the record book and dissolved Parliament.”
  9. Cardinal Richelieu - Wikipedia (2015). Retrieved on 11 August 2015. “Armand Jean du Plessis, Cardinal-Duke of Richelieu and of Fronsac (9 September 1585 – 4 December 1642) was a French clergyman, noble and statesman. He was consecrated as a bishop in 1607 and was appointed Foreign Secretary in 1616. Richelieu soon rose in both the Catholic Church and the French government, becoming a cardinal in 1622, and King Louis XIII's chief minister in 1624.”

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