1613

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The Romanovs Take Power. Our Troubles are Over! Right? *

After years of chaos, famine, cannibalism, and the death of the Czar of Russia what else could go wrong? These are the Times of Troubles. After a series of really bad leaders they have won some real battles and kicked out the Poles. Recently, Poland had convinced the people to take a Polish royal as their new Czar, but the Russians insisted that he actually show up in Moscow. He never showed. The great defender of Russia (general winter) kept him away. The nobles have decided to choose a Czar through in indirect succession. Michael Romanov is related to Ivan the Terrible though an uncle... sort of. Even though the legal justification for the succession is a little shaky they ask Michael to be Czar. Michael is 16-years-old but he is not an idiot. He knows what happened to recently failed Czars but they convince him that Russia really needs him. The Romanov dynasty will last until 1917 when Nicholas the 2nd will abdicate and then the Bolsheviks will murder all those who could make a claim for direct succession... and even those who couldn't. [1] [2] [3] [4]

My Take by Alex Shrugged
As you can imagine, the person really running things in Russia was not a 16-year-old boy. The nobles were using Michael as a figurehead, but eventually Michael's father was found in a monastery. He was made the head of the Orthodox Church and took the name of Patriarch Philaret. Philaret was the real power behind the throne... but there was no throne. The Romanovs were boyars which were lesser provincial princes. They were not high nobility so Western European aristocrats didn't want to marry with them at first. In time, the Romanovs married with various German noble families which is really strange since, historically, the Russians and Germans fought some terrible wars against each other. On the other hand, during World War 1, the main language spoken in Westminster Palace was German. The English royal family changed their name to Windsor because their previous name was so obviously German that everyone was getting nervous. [5] [6]

Pocahontas Is Lured into Captivity and the English are Lured into Peace

Jamestown has been fighting with the Powhatan Indians in what will one day be known as the Virginia colony. Pocahontas is now 17 and well known to the people of Jamestown. When Captain Argall hears that she is away visiting relatives, he makes a plan to kidnap her and use her as leverage against her father, the Chief of the Powhatans. The Captain conspires with the local tribe to lure her onto one of his ships. Once she was aboard, they refused to let her go but the other Indians were allowed to leave with some trinkets and a copper pot. She stayed with the English for a year, learning about Christianity, converting and taking the name of Rebecca, a significant name from the Bible. Rebecca was the mother of two nations. Pocahontas is no more. Rebecca will meet her new husband and marry him next year. [7] [8] [9] [10] [11]

My Take by Alex Shrugged
Stories about Pocahontas are always a little suspect. After all... there is the tourist trade to maintain. Then there are the movie residuals and plush toy sales. Heck. I'm focusing on her story because she is smack in the middle of what is going to be the 1st successful English colony in North America. But let's look at this situation carefully. She didn't stay on that ship the whole time. She wasn't being held in jail. She knew the countryside like the back of her hand. Are we to believe that within the year that she was held in captivity that she had no opportunity to escape? I'm calling BS. She was there on behalf of her father to work out a peace deal between the Powhatans and Jamestown. They were doing this the old fashioned way... through a bond of blood, marriage and children. She married the man who brought tobacco seed to Virginia and tobacco leaf to England... John Rolfe. The Powhatan plan worked... while the Chief lived, anyway. [12] [13]

The Globe is Burning

During a performance of Henry the 8th, a cannon misfires. The famous Globe Theater catches fire and burns to the ground. According to one account, no one was hurt but one man's pants caught fire. He was put out when someone doused him with ale. The theater will be rebuilt next year. This will be the second time the theater will be rebuilt. The first time was when there was a dispute regarding the land lease. The landlord believed that he would own the theater at the expiration of the lease. The theater owners disagreed so they hired a carpenter, disassembled the theater and reassembled it across the Thames River making it bigger and better. Once the theater is rebuilt it will remain open until 1642 when the Puritans will finally shut it down. [14] [15]

My Take by Alex Shrugged
The general location of the Globe Theater has been known but the exact location of the building was not found until 1989 when part of the foundation of the theater was discovered in a parking lot. The rest of the theater's foundation is located under an existing building so there are no plans for further excavations any time soon. [16]

This Year on Wikipedia

Year 1613, Wikipedia.

See Also

References

* The asterisk in the section header indicates that it was read on the podcast.
  1. Michael I Romanov: 1613-1645. thenagain.info (2015). Retrieved on 27 July 2015. “He told the messengers that he did not want to become czar. He was reminded that if he did not become czar, Moscow and the whole country would fall apart by the struggle for power.”
  2. Michael I of Russia - Wikipedia (2015). Retrieved on 27 July 2015. “He was the son of Feodor Nikitich Romanov (later known as Patriarch Filaret) and Xenia (later known as 'the great nun' Martha). His reign marked the end of the Time of Troubles.”
  3. GENERAL NOTES. web.archive.org (2000). Retrieved on 27 July 2015. “As for the titles of the nobility, the title 'Prince' gives us some headache. As we know, in German there are two kinds of princes: 'Fürst' and 'Prinz', and the Russian title 'Knjaz or 'Velikij Knjaz means exactly the German 'Fürst' or 'Grossfürst' - there were no real 'Princes' in Russia.”
  4. How many tsars did Russia have. answers.com (2015). Retrieved on 27 July 2015. “From the year 1613 to 1917, there were 18 tsars who ruled Russia. The last tsar, Nicholas II, abdicated in 1917 and was subsequently killed along with his family, in 1918 by the Bolsheviks.”
  5. Alex Shrugged notes: Our family friend was once a British subject and she was the one who told me about the English royals speaking German.
  6. House of Windsor (Royal Proclamation) - Wikipedia (2015). Retrieved on 27 July 2015. “Now, therefore, We, out of Our Royal Will and Authority, do hereby declare and announce that as from the date of this Our Royal Proclamation Our House and Family shall be styled and known as the House and Family of Windsor, and that all the descendants in the male line of Our said Grandmother Queen Victoria who are subjects of these Realms, other than female descendants who may marry or may have married, shall bear the said Name of Windsor....”
  7. Pocahontas wedding re-enactment: John Rolfe, John Smith, and Native Americans at Jamestown.. Slate.com (June 22, 2014). Retrieved on 27 July 2015. “One thing the children’s books and most Pocahontas myths fail to mention, a fact that sucks some of the romance out of the occasion, is that Pocahontas was kidnapped before the wedding. In April 1613, Capt. Argall captured Pocahontas in the town of Passapatanzy, where she had been calling on relatives.”
  8. Pocahontas: Her Life and Legend - Historic Jamestowne Part of Colonial National Historical Park. U.S. National Park Service (August 2010). Retrieved on 27 July 2015. “Argall declared Pocahontas was being held as ransom for the return of stolen weapons and English prisoners held by her father. Iopassus and his wife left, with a small copper kettle and some other trinkets as a reward for their part in making Pocahontas an English prisoner.”
  9. Samuel Argall - Wikipedia (2015). Retrieved on 27 July 2015. “When two English colonists began trading with the Patawomecks, they discovered the presence of Pocahontas, the daughter of Wahunsonacock, Chief of the Powhatan Confederacy. According to a book by Captain John Smith, she had been there for around three months. As soon as he heard this, Argall resolved to capture Pocahontas. Sending for the local chief, Japazaws, Argall told him he must bring her on board his ship, and suggested luring her with the present of a copper kettle.”
  10. Pocahontas - Wikipedia (2015). Retrieved on 2 July 2015. “In a well-known historical anecdote, she is said to have saved the life of an Indian captive, Englishman John Smith, in 1607 by placing her head upon his own when her father raised his war club to execute him. The general consensus of historians is that this story, as told by Smith, is untrue.”
  11. Virginia Colony in Colonial America. about.com (2015). Retrieved on 28 July 2015. “In 1607, Jamestown was founded. In 1624, Virginia was created as a royal colony that included the original Jamestown settlement.”
  12. John Rolfe - Wikipedia (2015). Retrieved on 2 July 2015. “Their marriage created a climate of peace between the Jamestown colonists and Powhatan's tribes for several years; in 1615, Ralph Hamor wrote that 'Since the wedding we have had friendly commerce and trade not only with Powhatan but also with his subjects round about us.'”
  13. Pocahontas (1995) Trailer. YouTube (2015). Retrieved on 3 July 2015. “Disney's 33rd Full-Length Animated Film”
  14. Grun, Bernard. The Timetables of History: A Horizontal Linkage of People and Events. Simon and Schuster. “Fire destroys Globe Theatre, Southwark, London” 
  15. Globe Theatre - Wikipedia (2015). Retrieved on 27 July 2015. “It was built in 1599 by Shakespeare's playing company, the Lord Chamberlain's Men, on land owned by Thomas Brend and inherited by his son, Nicholas Brend and grandson Sir Matthew Brend, and was destroyed by fire on 29 June 1613. A second Globe Theatre was built on the same site by June 1614 and closed in 1642.”
  16. History of the Globe. Shakespeare's Globe (2015). Retrieved on 28 July 2015. “The Globe stands a few hundred yards from its original site. The rebuilding of the iconic building stems from the founding of the Shakespeare's Globe Trust by the pioneering American actor and director Sam Wanamaker.”

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