Remember, Remember, the 5th of November *
Guy Fawkes wants to kill the King of England. He was born a Protestant Englishman but he joined the 80 Years War on the side of Catholic Spain. Guy is looking for support for his plan from the King of Spain but after signing the Treaty of London, Spain refuses to get involved. Guy joins up with a number of English Catholics who want to blow up Westminster Palace. They want to tunnel under the building, fill it with gunpowder and set it off during the opening ceremonies of Parliament when King James is sure to be there. However, a large room under Parliament House is made available for rent, so they take it. It beats digging. They are discovered when one of the conspirators sends out letters warning favored members of Parliament to stay away on that day. The King orders a search of the basement. Guy is caught and the conspiracy is undone. Guy is sent to the gallows to be hanged but he jumps from the platform and breaks his neck instead. Thereafter, the country will observe Guy Fawkes Day with bonfires, fireworks and burning an effigy of Guy Fawkes... otherwise known as "the Guy". In 1982, DC Comics will turn Guy into a superhero in the comic book, "V for Vendetta" which will produce the mask so familiar to people in the modern day. A movie of the same name will follow in 2005.   
The Man of La Mancha: An Impossible Dream
Miguel de Cervantes has published the 1st of 2 volumes of his adventure novel, "The Ingenious Gentleman Don Quixote of La Mancha." It is the 1st modern European novel. It is the story a 50-year-old Spanish hidalgo who takes the name of Don Quixote and sets out as a knight errant: righting wrongs and earning his honor through facing danger with bravery. In other words... he is insane. This book will become an instant best seller, but there is not much competition. The author will set out a fantasy within the bounds of reality. In other words... as improbable as it might seem, it could have happened and thus he captures the imagination.   
An African Army is Moved to Brazil
Princess Aqualtune of the Kingdom of Kongo (now northern Angola) is a military strategist, and she doesn't take crap from anybody. Unfortunately, she is captured in battle along with 10,000 of her fellow soldiers. They are sold into Portuguese slavery and that means a boat ride straight to Brazil to cut sugarcane. Did I mention that Princess Aqualtune doesn't take crap from anybody? Portugal has just imported a military leader and her army into the middle of a jungle where Portugal does not have complete control. She will organize an escape with her soldiers and head for the hills. She is going to give them hell for decades and then her children will until 1686 when they are finally subdued.     
This Year on Wikipedia
Year 1605, Wikipedia.
- * The asterisk in the section header indicates that it was read on the podcast.
- Westminster Palace and Houses of Parliament Guide. about.com (2015). Retrieved on 5 May 2015. “The houses of British Parliament, the House of Commons and the House of Lords, have met in the Palace of Westminster since around 1550.”
- Guy Fawkes or a Complete History of the Gunpowder Treason, A.D. 1605. London: John W. Parker, West Strand.
- Guy Fawkes - Wikipedia (2015). Retrieved on 30 April 2015. “Fawkes became synonymous with the Gunpowder Plot, the failure of which has been commemorated in Britain since 5 November 1605. His effigy is traditionally burned on a bonfire, commonly accompanied by a firework display.”
- Alex Shrugged notes: Elements of this segment came from what I wrote for the 1570 segment.
- V For Vendetta (2005) Official Trailer #1. YouTube (2015). Retrieved on 5 May 2015.
- V for Vendetta (2005). Internet Movie Database (2015). Retrieved on 5 May 2015. “In a future British tyranny, a shadowy freedom fighter, known only by the alias of 'V', plots to overthrow it with the help of a young woman.”
- A brief history of the Guy Fawkes mask. The Week (2015). Retrieved on 5 May 2015. “The iconic version of the Guy Fawkes mask owes its popularity to the graphic novel and film V for Vendetta, which centers on a vigilante's efforts to destroy an authoritarian government in a dystopian future United Kingdom. Although he didn't predict the mask's role in popular protest, David Lloyd, the artist who illustrated the comic, told The New York Times, 'It's a great symbol of protest for anyone who sees tyranny.'”
- Sting nets 5 accused of plotting to bomb bridge near Cleveland. cincinnati.com (May 2, 2012). Retrieved on 5 May 2015. “The FBI sting operation that led to the arrests of five men in an alleged conspiracy to blow up a Cleveland-area bridge involved now-familiar undercover techniques to identify a potentially dangerous terrorist plot.”
- Staff writer (1 May 2012). Cleveland Bridge bomb plot: 'Occupy' anarchists arrested for 'plotting to blow up Ohio bridge'. Daily Mail Online. Retrieved on 5 May 2015. “A member of Occupy Cleveland revealed that at least some of the suspects had attended the group's events, sparking concerns that some supporters of the anti-capitalist movement could turn to violence.”
- History - The Gunpowder Plot. BBC (March 29, 2011). Retrieved on 5 May 2015. “It was ordinary Catholics, however, who suffered the longest as a result of the Gunpowder Plot. New laws were passed preventing them from practising law, serving as officers in the Army or Navy, or voting in local or Parliamentary elections. Furthermore, as a community they would be blackened for the rest of the century, blamed for the Great Fire of London and unfairly fingered in the Popish Plot of 1678.”
- When government fears the people, there is liberty...(Quotation). Thomas Jefferson's Monticello (2015). Retrieved on 5 May 2015. “When government fears the people, there is liberty. When the people fear the government, there is tyranny.”
- Bonfire Night 2014 (Photos). NY Daily News (2015). Retrieved on 5 May 2015.
- Here's the History Behind Occupy Wall Street's Creepy Guy Fawkes Mask. TheBlaze.com (November 4, 2011). Retrieved on 5 May 2015. “But history books didn't lead to the mask's popularity: A nearly 30-year-old graphic novel and a five-year-old movie did.”
- Miguel de Cervantes - Wikipedia (2015). Retrieved on 3 July 2015. “His major work, Don Quixote, considered to be the first modern European novel, is a classic of Western literature, and is regarded amongst the best works of fiction ever written. His influence on the Spanish language has been so great that the language is often called la lengua de Cervantes ('the language of Cervantes').”
- Don Quixote - Wikipedia (2015). Retrieved on 3 July 2015. “Published in two volumes, in 1605 and 1615, Don Quixote is considered one of the most influential works of literature from the Spanish Golden Age and the entire Spanish literary canon.”
- Cervantes, Miguel de (1605). The Ingenious Gentleman Don Quixote of La Mancha. “In short, his wits being quite gone, he hit upon the strangest notion that ever madman in this world hit upon, and that was that he fancied it was right and requisite, as well for the support of his own honour as for the service of his country, that he should make a knight-errant of himself, roaming the world over in full armour and on horseback in quest of adventures, and putting in practice himself all that he had read of as being the usual practices of knights-errant; righting every kind of wrong, and exposing himself to peril and danger from which, in the issue, he was to reap eternal renown and fame.”
- Alex Shrugged notes: I am expressing (poorly) some ideas I picked up from the book "The Fourth Turning" by William Strauss and Neil Howe.
- Strauss–Howe generational theory - Wikipedia (2015). Retrieved on 5 July 2015. “The Strauss–Howe generational theory, created by authors William Strauss and Neil Howe, identifies a recurring generational cycle in American history. Strauss and Howe lay the groundwork for the theory in their 1991 book Generations, which retells the history of America as a series of generational biographies going back to 1584.”
- Bye Bye Birdie - What's the Matter With Kids Today. YouTube (2015). Retrieved on 5 July 2015.
- The Impossible Dream - Man of La Mancha. YouTube (1972). Retrieved on 5 July 2015.
- Man of La Mancha (1972) - I, Don Quixote. YouTube (1972). Retrieved on 5 July 2015.
- Inside Out Official Trailer #2 (2015) - Disney Pixar Movie HD. YouTube (2015). Retrieved on 6 July 2015.
- 1493: Uncovering the New World Columbus Created (BOOK), Knopf. ISBN 9780307265722. “In about 1605, according to the story, she was captured in a battle against the Kongolese and sold with other POWs to Portuguese slavers. On the passage across she was raped and impregnated. Aqualtune landed in the sugar port of Recife, at the tip of Brazil's “bulge” into the Atlantic. A military strategist, she naturally began to plan an escape. Within months she was in the hinterland with about forty of her troops.”
- The story of Aqualtune and Solitude fighters. caribdirect.com (April 2, 2014). Retrieved on 5 July 2015. “Aqualtune, a former Angolan princess and general, escaped captivity and founded a settlement of runaway slaves in Brazil. Solitude, the Guadeloupean freedom fighter was executed the day after she gave birth for her part in the Basse-Terre uprising.”
- Where Slaves Ruled. National Geographic Magazine (2015). Retrieved on 5 July 2015. “The founder of this maroon nation was said to be Aqualtune, an Angolan princess and general enslaved in a Congolese war in about 1605. Soon after arriving in Brazil, the pregnant Aqualtune escaped with some of her soldiers and fled to the Serra da Barriga, a series of abrupt basaltic extrusions that dominate the coastal plain like a line of watchtowers. On one high crest was a pool of water sheltered by trees, with an indigenous community living around it. Here, according to legend, Aqualtune built Palmares.”
- Capoeira Warrior Women. assatashakur.org (March 5, 2006). Retrieved on 5 July 2015. “Aqualtune, grandmother of Zumbi, Princess of the Congo who arrived in Recife as a slave and was sold for breeding, organized her escape and went to the Quilombo dos Palmares where, because of her noble heritage, she governed one of the villages. The black population in the Quilombo dos Palmares resisted white attacks for almost a century, and women had a fundamental role there, which involved courage, and a spirit of fighting and resistance against the colonizers.”
- Palmares (quilombo) - Wikipedia (2015). Retrieved on 6 July 2015. “Palmares, or Quilombo dos Palmares, was a fugitive community of escaped slaves and others in colonial Brazil that developed from 1605 until its suppression in 1694. It was located in what is today the Brazilian state of Alagoas.”
- maroon - definition of maroon (2015). Retrieved on 6 July 2015. “A fugitive black slave in the West Indies in the 1600s and 1700s.”