Kikkoman Soy Sauce and Nongovernmental Certifications
The Japanese company that will one day make Kikkoman Soy Sauce is not established yet but the first of the family companies that will one day consolidate into that much larger corporation have gone into production making soy sauce this year. The Moga and Takanashi families live in the city of Noda. It will take a lot of effort and a lot of time to become a multinational corporation. For now they are keeping it in the family. 
The Death of Queen Elizabeth, the Last of the Tudors *
Queen Elizabeth the 1st has been languishing for several months in deep depression as her friends drop off, one after another into the Big Sleep. She is 69 years old and she has been variously called Good Queen Bess, the Virgin Queen or her personal favorite: Gloriana the Faerie Queene after that poem by Edmund Spenser. One has the sense that she has been the mother of Great Britain, but she has taken a turn for the worst. The experts don't know what is medically wrong with her other than she is having difficulty breathing. Her court gathers around her death bed as they watch her breathe her last. In the early morning hours she is laid in a coffin and conveyed down the river on a barge lit with candles. She is entombed alongside her sister, Mary. Mary was the same woman who plotted Elizabeth's overthrow. Now, all is forgiven as they lay to rest side-by-side. Elizabeth's nephew, King James of Scotland, will take the throne.  
This Year on Wikipedia
Year 1603, Wikipedia.
- * The asterisk in the section header indicates that it was read on the podcast.
- Origins of Kikkoman Soy Sauce - History of Soy Sauce - Soy Sauce Museum. Kikkoman Corporation (OFFICIAL SITE) (2015). Retrieved on 29 June 2015. “During the hundred years from the mid-seventeenth century to the mid-eighteenth century, soy sauce production led by the Mogi and Takanashi families prospered in the city of Noda, located in Chiba Prefecture. This is where Kikkoman was born.”
- Comparisons between Halal and Kosher meat - Meat Science. Texas A&M University (September 15, 2013). Retrieved on 29 June 2015. “Worldwide, there is a great need to provide certain religious groups with meat that complies with strict religious standards of production. For the Islamic consumer, Halal meat is what is required, whereas for the Jewish consumer, Kosher is what is 'fit and proper.'”
- Is Kosher Halal?. SoundVision.com (2015). Retrieved on 29 June 2015. “Islam prohibits all intoxicating alcohols, liquors, wines and drugs. Kashrut regards their wines kosher. Hence food items and drinks showing the kosher symbol containing alcohol are not halal.”
- Alex Shrugged notes: Jews who keep kosher might accept the certification of some religious authorities but not others. Sometimes a government agency will try to define what "kosher" means in order to protect the consumer, but the government cannot be the arbiter of such religious issues. Kosher certification agencies do have their own registered certification symbols though. The government can arbitrate misuse of those special symbols by others. That falls under simple fraud. Judges know how to figure out fraud cases.
- Gloriana - Wikipedia (2015). Retrieved on 2 July 2015. “Gloriana was the name given by the 16th-century poet Edmund Spenser to his character representing Queen Elizabeth I in his poem The Faerie Queene.”
- Meyer, Gerald J. (2010). The Tudors: the Complete Story of England's Most Notorious Dynasty. New York: Delacorte Press. ISBN 9780385340762. “Tudor medicine being the tangle of butchery and superstition and sterile tradition that it is, not even the doctors have any real idea of why the queen is dying. A bronchial infection that has turned into pneumonia, perhaps. Possibly streptococcus, or the failure of some vital organ.”
- Queen Elizabeth I Quotes. about.com (2015). Retrieved on 2 July 2015. “Ye may have a greater prince, but ye shall never have a more loving prince.”
- Queen Elizabeth I Quotes. elizabethi.org (2015). Retrieved on 2 July 2015. “I have already joined myself in marriage to a husband, namely the kingdom of England.”