1546

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Martin Luther Passes Away

The Reverend Father Doctor Martin Luther has been suffering from vertigo, heart pain and kidney stones... very painful. These last few years have been rough and people notice that he has became short-tempered. This is out of character since he has been known for his hospitality and good company. He delivers his last sermon. It is a real stem-winder against the Jews. The end is near. He recites a different prayer before bed... "Into your hand I commit my spirit" (Psalms 31:5). He awakens in the night. His friends ask him if he is ready to die, trusting in Jesus and confessing the doctrine taught in his name. He replies with a definite "Yes." A massive stroke takes him and he is gone before dawn. He was 62 years old. Others will pick up the torch. The movement can't be stopped but a lot of people are going to try. [1] [2]

My Take by Alex Shrugged
Many historians have tried to figure out why Martin Luther was so peace-loving in the beginning of his life and so grumpy toward the end. His aliments certainly contributed to his grumpiness but this explanation is unsatisfying. The bottom line is that down through the centuries the character of people will be improved because of Martin Luther.

Eric Mextas wrote of Martin Luther ...

"Luther's influence cannot be overestimated. His translation of the Bible into German was cataclysmic. Like a medieval Paul Bunyan, Luther in a single blow shattered the edifice of European Catholicism and in the bargain created the modern German language, which in turn effectively created the German people. Christendom was cleft in twain, and out of the earth beside it sprang the Deutsche Volk." (DOY-sheh vohlk) [3]

The Way of the Warrior is Death *

There are no sissies in the Shogunate. Uesugi Kenshin (oo-soo-gee ken-shin) is a Japanese feudal lord and one step down from the Shogun. He has a philosophy of fighting that boils down to this: Be ready to fight without thought of coming back. In other words... death. Only then will you come back alive. If you are thinking about how terrible it will be if you don't come back, you won't come back. This is the way of the warrior and at this time in Japan even farmers participate in wars, thus making everyone a warrior. [4]

My Take by Alex Shrugged
This seems like warrior zen, but this philosophy of the warrior has its precedence in the Bible (Deuteronomy 20). When selecting who will go out to fight a war, certain men were exempt: a newly married man because he will be distracted, thinking of his wife; the man who has built a new house because he will be worried he will die in battle and never get use of it; a man who has planted a vineyard before he has tasted its first fruits and the like. The common theme is men who are thinking of what is waiting at home rather than the battle ahead. Men who do not have their head in the battle will have their heads handed to them, thus they will be useless to their fellows in war. [5]

Barbarossa Retires to the Grave

Last year Admiral Hayreddin Barbarossa retired to Constantinople. His son continues in his stead. Barbarossa has handed the Mediterranean to the Ottomans and now he is enjoying his old age. His enjoyment has been cut short by his death. He is placed in a tomb he had built a few years ago. [6]

My Take by Alex Shrugged
The lesson to learn here is obvious. Never retire. The other lesson is in the word "Admiral." It comes from the Arabic phrase "emir al-bahr" meaning "commander of the sea." [7]

This Year on Wikipedia

Year 1546, Wikipedia.

See Also

References

* The asterisk in the section header indicates that it was read on the podcast.
  1. Martin Luther - Wikipedia (2015). Retrieved on 29 March 2015. “A piece of paper was later found on which Luther had written his last statement. The statement was in Latin, apart from 'We are beggars,' which was in German.”
  2. The Last Written Words of Luther: Holy Ponderings of the Reverend Father Doctor Martin Luther. iclnet.org (16 February 1546). Retrieved on 30 March 2015. “We are beggars: this is true.”
  3. Eric Metaxas. Bonhoeffer. Thomas Nelson. 
  4. Samurai - Wikipedia (2015). Retrieved on 29 March 2015. “Japanese historian Daisetz Teitaro Suzuki describes Uesugi's beliefs as: 'Those who are reluctant to give up their lives and embrace death are not true warriors.... Go to the battlefield firmly confident of victory, and you will come home with no wounds whatever. Engage in combat fully determined to die and you will be alive; wish to survive in the battle and you will surely meet death. When you leave the house determined not to see it again you will come home safely; when you have any thought of returning you will not return. You may not be in the wrong to think that the world is always subject to change, but the warrior must not entertain this way of thinking, for his fate is always determined.'”
  5. Jewish Publication Society of America. "Deuteronomy 20", The Holy Scriptures according to the Masoretic text, Holy Scriptures, Jewish Publication Society. ISBN 9780685132944. “De 20:5 And the officers shall speak unto the people, saying: 'What man is there that hath built a new house, and hath not dedicated it? let him go and return to his house, lest he die in the battle, and another man dedicate it. 6 And what man is there that hath planted a vineyard, and hath not used the fruit thereof? let him go and return unto his house, lest he die in the battle, and another man use the fruit thereof. 7 And what man is there that hath betrothed a wife, and hath not taken her? let him go and return unto his house, lest he die in the battle, and another man take her.'” 
  6. Hayreddin Barbarossa - Wikipedia (2015). Retrieved on 31 March 2015. “Barbarossa Hayreddin Pasha died in 1546 in his seaside palace in the Büyükdere neighbourhood of Constantinople, on the northwestern shores of the Bosphorus. He is buried in the tall mausoleum (türbe) near the ferry port of the district of Beşiktaş on the European side of Istanbul, which was built in 1541 by the famous architect Mimar Sinan, at the site where his fleet used to assemble. His memorial was built in 1944, next to his mausoleum.”
  7. Emir - Wikipedia (2015). Retrieved on 31 March 2015. “The Western naval rank 'admiral' comes from the Arabic naval title amir al-bahr, general of the sea, which has been used for naval commanders and occasionally the Ministers of Marine.”

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