1533

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There Are Giants! A Man in a Tavern Told Me So *

Last year the secular priest and son of a French tavern owner, François Rabelais (fran-SWAH row-BLAY), edited a story about the mythical giant, Gargantua (gar-GAN-tew-wah ). It was a rough piece and not his best work so this year he sets out to write something better: "The Horrible and Terrifying Deeds and Words of the Very Renowned Pantagruel (PAN-tah-grool), King of the Dipsodes (DIP-sodes), Son of the Great Giant Gargantua"... or more simply, "Pantagruel." It is a wild and wicked tale filled with bawdy humor, word play, puns and insults galore. He coins new words and wanders through his story while the giant at times seems to change in size. His fellow priests are stunned into silence. The book is immediately condemned by the College of Sorbonne (sore-BONE) which is under Protestant control this year but next year, it will be under Catholic control and they will condemn the book too... and its prequel: the expanded and much revised "Gargantua". The King of France will love it. Three more books will follow. [1] [2] [3] [4]

My Take by Alex Shrugged
You probably want to know what a secular priest is. It is a priest who has not taken vows for a particular order but is under the supervision of the bishop. Apparently, François needed a lot of supervision. As funny as this all is, these series of books are considered required reading if one is to be considered well-read. I have recognized themes in these books that will be repeated into the modern day. They also give you insight into the times. This is an extremely rude book, fit for tavern talk yet the King of France is fascinated by it. There is a unifying understanding that we are all the same people at the carnival. We delight in the circus regardless of caste or fortune or race though they didn't think in terms of race. That is a fully modern invention. [5]

King Henry is "Overly Fond" of Women

King Henry the 8th of England is "overly fond of women" and because of it, he will cause the Church of England to break from the Church of Rome in the worst way possible. The King's former wife, Catherine, has not produced any viable children as heirs, probably because she is too old. As a result the King has moved to annul the marriage. When the Pope refuses, the king turns to the English clergy who do so without benefit of Rome's approval. The King has been infatuated with Anne Boleyn for years, but she has refused to bed him. This year he secretly marries Anne and later, when her pregnancy becomes obvious, the King has a public ceremony and a parade. Enthusiasm for the new Queen is notably subdued. Anne will give birth to a girl later this year: Elizabeth the 1st. When we speak of Elizabethan England, we will be talking about this child. [6] [7] [8] [9]

My Take by Alex Shrugged
Anne Boleyn is the sister of Mary Boleyn, the King's former lover. It is easy to laugh at a king who thinks more with his passions ( and other words beginning with 'p' ) than with his head, but this marriage will create a big rift in the government. Sir Thomas More is going to lose his head over his objections to the King's technical bigamy. If the Pope didn't annul his previous marriage then his new marriage becomes problematic for loyal Catholics. There is also a rumor that the king bedded Anne's mother, Elizabeth Boleyn, and that Anne is really the King's daughter but there is no evidence of this. It is probably a confusion in names with Elizabeth Blount... yet another mistress of the King. He really is fond of women. [10] [11]

This Year on Wikipedia

Year 1533, Wikipedia.

See Also

References

* The asterisk in the section header indicates that it was read on the podcast.
  1. (2015) Gargantua and Pantagruel (Free EBOOK). Retrieved on 4 March 2015. 
  2. Gargantua and Pantagruel - Wikipedia (2015). Retrieved on 4 March 2015. “Although most modern editions of Rabelais's work place Pantagruel as the second volume of a series, it was actually published first, around 1532 under the pen name 'Alcofribas Nasier', an anagram of François Rabelais.”
  3. "Biographical Note", Rabelais, Robert Maynard Hutchins (editor-in-chief), Mortimer J. Adler (associate editor), Sir Thomas Urquhart (translator), Peter Motteux (translator), Great Books of the Western World, Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc.. 
  4. College of Sorbonne - Wikipedia (2015). Retrieved on 4 March 2015. “The doctors of the college were loyal defenders of the Catholic faith against the inroads of Protestantism and the Enlightenment. As other teachers of theology in the university became members of the Sorbonne, by the beginning of the sixteenth century, its staff was practically identical with the university faculty.”
  5. What is the difference between secular priests and religious priests?. Catholic Answers (2015). Retrieved on 4 March 2015. “Answer: Secular—or better, diocesan—priests are priests who are ordained for a particular diocese and who serve ordinarily in parishes.”
  6. Grun, Bernard. The Timetables of History: A Horizontal Linkage of People and Events. Simon and Schuster. 
  7. Alison Weir. Henry VIII: The King and his Court. Pimlico. ISBN 9780712664516. “In 1533, Reginald Pole, the King's cousin, declared that Anne Boleyn, in refusing to sleep with Henry, had borne in mind 'how soon he was sated with those who had served him as his mistress.' The King's physician, Dr. John Chamber, described his master as being 'overly fond of women' and given to 'lustful dreams.'” 
  8. Anne Boleyn - Wikipedia (2015). Retrieved on 9 March 2015. “Soon after returning to Dover, Henry and Anne married in a secret ceremony. She soon became pregnant and, to legalise the first wedding considered to be unlawful at the time, there was a second wedding service, also private in accordance with The Royal Book, which took place in London on 25 January 1533.”
  9. Elizabethan era - Wikipedia (2015). Retrieved on 9 March 2015. “The Elizabethan era was the epoch in English history of Queen Elizabeth I's reign (1558–1603). Historians often depict it as the golden age in English history.”
  10. Thomas More - Wikipedia (2015). Retrieved on 9 March 2015. “More opposed the Protestant Reformation, in particular the theology of Martin Luther and William Tyndale. He also wrote Utopia, published in 1516, about the political system of an ideal and imaginary island nation. More opposed the King's separation from the Catholic Church, refusing to accept him as Supreme Head of the Church of England, and what he saw as Henry's bigamous marriage to Anne Boleyn. Tried for treason, More was convicted and beheaded.”
  11. Elizabeth Blount - Wikipedia (2015). Retrieved on 9 March 2015. “Elizabeth Blount, commonly known during her lifetime as Bessie Blount, was a mistress of Henry VIII of England.”

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