'Dare to be Wise': Free Schooling for Boys *
The Manchester Free Grammar School for Lancashire Boys offers free education in Latin and Greek to boys regardless of ability to pay. Founded by the local bishop and funded by the proceeds from his corn milling business, the goal is to prepare boys for ecclesiastical college or law. During the Age of Enlightenment the school will take on the motto "Dare to be wise." The building is located next to Manchester Cathedral and will remain free until the 18th century when a new building and boarding facilities will be paid for through fees. By the early 20th century the school will receive state-funds... small at first but growing and then returning to independent status in 1976. Manchester Grammar School will remain a school for boys into the modern day.     
Indian Slavery and the Failure of Free Towns
Bartolomé de Las Casas [BAR-tow-low-MAY] has witnessed (and participated in) disturbing abuses of American Indians, especially in Cuba, and accepted slaves in payment for his help, but he undergoes a conversion of the heart and becomes the first priest of the New World. He has denounced the Spanish abuse and freed his own Indian slaves. In the coming years he will be named "Protector of the Indians" and recommend that the number of African slaves be increased rather than enslave the Indians. He reasons that the Indians don't know of Jesus whereas Africans have rejected Christianity and could be enslaved. But the Indians are not idiots. They understand Christianity just fine and see no reason to change. It's going to take a while for the Christians to realize this.   
The First Founding of Havana, Cuba
Diego Velázquez was one of the people accompanying Christopher Columbus on his second voyage and helped to put down the rebellion of the Taino [TAY-no] of Hispaniola. He was selected to conquer Cuba and has been enslaving Indians left and right. This year he will found the city of Havana. This will not be the first founding. Over the years the location will move around but the name will be retained. The current location is on the south coast, probably where the city of Batabanó is located today. Present day Havana is on the north coast. 
This Year in Wikipedia
Year 1515, Wikipedia.
- * The asterisk in the section header indicates that it was read on the podcast.
- Manchester Grammar School - Wikipedia (2015). Retrieved on 29 January 2015.
- Encyclopedia: Hugh Oldham. StateMaster.com. Retrieved on 8 February 2015. “Oldham retained a keen interested in education. He was a benefactor of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, and founder of the Manchester Grammar School, (originally the Manchester Free Grammar School for Lancashire Boys) in 1515. The building now forms part of Chetham's School, where you will find a stone lintel over the entrance which still reads 'Manchester School' in Latin.”
- Manchester Grammar School: Facts, Discussion Forum, and Encyclopedia Article. AbsoluteAstronomy.com (2015). Retrieved on 8 February 2015. “The original deed promoted &lquot;godliness and good learning&rquot; and established that any boy showing sufficient academic ability, regardless of background, might attend, free of charge.”
- Manchester Grammar School: Our Aims. Manchester Grammar School (Official Site) (2015). Retrieved on 8 February 2015. “Founded in 1515, The Manchester Grammar School has established a reputation as one of the top academic schools in the country. It also has a long tradition of educating boys, irrespective of their parents' ability to pay fees.”
- Age of Enlightenment - Wikipedia (2015). Retrieved on 8 February 2015.
- Teen Talk Barbie "Math class is tough". YouTube.com (2015). Retrieved on 8 February 2015.
- "Chapter 1: Where the Boys Are", Excerpt in the New York Times, Simon & Schuster, June 12, 2001. Retrieved on 8 February 2015. “Greene has tried gingerly to broach the subject of male underperformance with his colleagues. Many of them concede that in the classes they teach, the girls seem to be doing better than the boys, but they do not see this as part of a larger pattern. After so many years of hearing about the silenced, diminished girls, the suggestion that boys are not doing as well as girls is not taken seriously even by teachers who see it with their own eyes in their own classrooms.”
- In Depth: Christina Hoff Sommers. CSPAN (2015). Retrieved on 8 February 2015.
- "Washingtonpost.com: The War Against Boys: How Misguided Feminism Is Harming Our Young Men" (NEWS), The Washington Post, Washington Post Company, July 2, 2000. Retrieved on 8 February 2015. “She charges that feminists invented a crisis in girls' education while ignoring major problems in boys' academic performance.”
- Bartolomé de las Casas - Wikipedia (2015). Retrieved on 8 February 2015.
- Indigenous peoples of the Americas - Wikipedia (2015). Retrieved on 29 January 2015.
- Bartolomé de las Casas (2015). A Brief Account of the Destruction of the Indies. Gutenberg.org. Retrieved on 8 February 2015.
- Fray Bartolomé de Las Casas (1484-1566) Part Two: Later Years. About.com (2015). Retrieved on 9 February 2015. “Although he fought fiercely for native rights, he did not feel the same way about black African slaves, to whose plight he was apparently indifferent. Las Casas occasionally suggested that Africans could be brought in to work instead of enslaving native populations”
- Diego Velázquez de Cuéllar - Wikipedia (2015). Retrieved on 29 January 2015.