Terra Nova, Terra America *
Cartography or map-making is still terra incognito [TAIR-uh in-cog-NEE-tow] (unknown territory). People need maps but there is no committee to set the naming standards. Martin Waldseemüller and Matthias Ringmann are German Cartographers who have produced the first global map that includes the many discoveries of Columbus. Martin is a great admirer Amerigo Vespucci, the explorer, so he labels the New World as "America.". A thousand copies of the map go out before Martin regrets his decision. He tries to change the name to "Vespucci" or simply "Terra Nova" meaning "New Territory," but it's too late. Map-makers are already using the name "America" as the standard. The name has stuck just like the name "Indian." At this time people understand that the people living in the New World are not from India, but the name continues to be used no matter what informed people may say. It's already too late to change.     
The Aztecs and the End of the World
Every 52 years the Aztec calendar undergoes a reset similar to a turn of the century called a calendar round. Since it is a time of uncertainty and fear (just as it is for modern, "enlightened" people of today), the Aztecs perform a ceremony to fend off an end-of-the-world apocalypse. It involves bloodletting, letting go of old household goods and silent contemplation. The time has come but it will be the last time. The end is near for the Aztecs. By 1519, Hernando Cortéz, and a number of disgruntled tribes that live near the Aztecs, will declare war and the Aztecs will fall. Just to remind everyone... the Aztecs are famous for human sacrifice, but those humans came from neighboring tribes who were resentful having to produce them. That is why Cortéz will find willing allies for a while at least.   
Living OVER a Bridge and the Gas Tax
In Paris, the bridge across the Seine began as a simple footbridge. The river split and created a small island in the midst of the city. Eventually the bridge was replaced by a more substantial wooden bridge in the early 1400s called "Notre-Dame." 60 houses were built atop the bridge with 30 on each side, but in 1499 the bridge collapsed into the river due to poor bridge maintenance. New stone foundations were laid and a new bridge was constructed. That construction is completed this year. 60 more houses have been built on the bridge out of stone and brick and are built to last. They will last until around 1786 when the houses will cause instability to the bridge. It will be rebuilt and cause so many accidents will be called the Devil's Bridge. In 1919 the bridge will be replaced with the Pont Notre Dame bridge we see today. 
This Year on Wikipedia
Year 1507, Wikipedia.
- * The asterisk in the section header indicates that it was read on the podcast.
- Amerigo Vespucci: Expeditions - Wikipedia (2014). Retrieved on 2 December 2014.
- Martin Waldseemüller - Wikipedia (2014). Retrieved on 2 December 2014.
- Cartography - Wikipedia (2014). Retrieved on 2 December 2014.
- Johannes Schöner globe - Wikipedia (2014). Retrieved on 2 December 2014.
- Matthias Ringmann - Wikipedia (2015). Retrieved on 23 January 2015.
- Alex Shrugged notes: Whatever you might think of Muslims, good or bad, they are not pagans. Due to the history we have learned here, some Jews have a very low opinion of Christians... and a few even feel that Christians are pagans. So... if you are a Christian and feel as if Muslims are pagans, I'm not going to condemn you. I'm telling you that feelings are not facts. Facts are facts. And frankly, the modern pagans are not the pagans that the Bible condemns so we should get off their backs too. Short of human sacrifice or grinding up live puppies, I'm willing to look the other way on a lot of stuff as long as all the participants are of the age of consent or have their parent's consent.
- Hanson, Victor Davis. Carnage and Culture: Landmark Battles in the Rise of Western Power. New York: Doubleday. 2001. ISBN 0385500521. pp. 194-195. (BOOK) Quote: "Oddly, few scholars have ever likened the Aztec propensity to wipe out thousands of their neighbors through carefully organized killing to the Nazi extermination of Jews, Gypsies, and other eastern Europeans."
- Alex Shrugged notes: See year 1454 "The Aztec Flower Wars" for more information.
- New Fire ceremony - Wikipedia (2015). Retrieved on 22 January 2015. “The New Fire ceremony [...] was an Aztec ceremony performed once every 52 years — a full cycle of the Aztec calendar — in order to stave off the end of the world.”
- Alex Shrugged notes: Despite the name, the group was atheist in nature and they stated so.
- Pont Notre-Dame - Wikipedia (2015). Retrieved on 13 January 2015.
- 35W Bridge Collapse LIVE VIDEO ACTUAL Minneapolis, Minnesota (VIDEO). YouTube.com (2015). Retrieved on 26 January 2015.
- Department of Transportation, Minnesota (2012). I-35W Bridge in Minneapolis, MN (Official Report on Collapse). dot.state.mn.us. Retrieved on 26 January 2015.
- Bridge Collapse Anniversary: How Safe Are Drivers Now?. ABC News (August 1, 2012). Retrieved on 26 January 2015. “Five years ago today more than 100 cars were traveling over a bridge on I-35W during a Minneapolis rush hour when it suddenly collapsed, dropping cars from the interstate into the 15-foot-deep Mississippi River below, trapping many passengers inside. Before they could escape or emergency help arrived, 13 people died and another 145 were injured one of the worst bridge disasters in U.S. history.”