The French Disease and the First Italian War
The Kingdom of Naples was once part of the Kingdom of Sicily ruled by the French House of Anjou. However, in 1282 the House of Anjou lost control of the Island of Sicily after a French soldier molested a Sicilian's wife in the public square. By the next morning every Frenchman in Paloma was dead. Then Sicily came under Aragon rule (which is part of modern day Spain) and Naples came under Anjou rule. Over the years Naples came under the rule of Spain which has recently made several voyages to the New World. The King of France, Charles the Affable, has purchased the rights to Anjou, giving him the theoretical right to rule Naples... making everyone really, really nervous. After the King of Naples dies, King Charles is welcomed in Naples at first but the original successor to the throne of Naples takes exception. A battle ensues and King Charles is chased out of Naples but this war isn't over. Charles leaves a garrison behind and the Spanish realize they need to reorganize their entire military.    
Leonardo's Last Supper *
Leonardo Da Vinci begins the famous painting "The Last Supper". It depicts what looks like a formal group dinner with Jesus and his apostles in attendance. It is called the Last Supper due to the New Testament narrative that Jesus met with his apostles for dinner and was betrayed by Judas shortly thereafter. Whether it was actually the last thing he ever ate or not, according to the narrative, it was his last meal without physical torment.    
First Scotch Whiskey *
Friar John Cor makes the first documented reference to Scotch Whiskey. 
This Year in Wikipedia
Year 1495, Wikipedia.
- * The asterisk in the section header indicates that it was read on the podcast.
- Italian War of 1494-98 - Wikipedia (2015). Retrieved on 6 January 2015.
- Charles VIII (1470-98), King of France. 1902 Encyclopedia (1902). Retrieved on 6 January 2015. “Charles was now at liberty to attempt the realization of his dream of founding an Eastern empire. His father had purchased the claim of the House of Anjou to the throne of Naples, and he himself bought the title of Andrew Palaeologus, the nephew of the emperor of Constantinople. Having made a treaty with the Pope, Charles in 1495 entered Naples unresisted.”
- Italian History - Age of Invasions. 1902 Encyclopedia (1902). Retrieved on 6 January 2015. “Charles hurried back from Naples, and narrowly escaped destruction at Fornovo in the passes of the Apennines. He made good his retreat, however, and returned to France in 1495. Little remained to him of his light acquisitions ; but he had convulsed Italy by this invasion, destroyed her equilibrium, exposed her military weakness and political disunion, and revealed her wealth to greedy and more powerful nations.”
- TIMELINE OF WORLD HISTORY - Syphilis. EveryHistory.org (2013). Retrieved on 4 January 2015. “Indisputable reference to it in European literature occurred only after the return of Columbus from the New World. The rapidly spreading scourge was given several names, including &lquot;Great Pox&rquot; and &lquot;French disease,&rquot; the latter after invading French soldiers either brought the infection to Italy or caught it from the Italians.”
- History of syphilis - Wikipedia (2015). Retrieved on 7 January 2015.
- The Last Supper (Leonardo da Vinci) - Wikipedia (2014). Retrieved on 28 December 2014.
- Ludovico Sforza - Wikipedia (2014). Retrieved on 28 December 2014.
- Santa Maria delle Grazie (Milan) - Wikipedia (2014). Retrieved on 28 December 2014.
- Leonardo da Vinci - Wikipedia (2014). Retrieved on 28 December 2014.
- Mary Magdalene - Wikipedia (2015). Retrieved on 7 January 2015.
- The Da Vinci Code - Wikipedia (2014). Retrieved on 7 January 2015.
- John Cor - Wikipedia (2015). Retrieved on 7 January 2015.