One Prince of Wales Born and Two Princes Murdered
King Henry the 7th of England's new son, Arthur, is born. The heir apparent is always named the Prince of Wales and Arthur is no exception. The old "Prince of Wales" has been gone for several years now. There were actually two... locked in the Tower of London: The first was the son of King Edward the 4th who died 86 days after Richard, the Duke of Gloucester, became his regent. The other was Richard's own son who was said to be frail and might have died of natural causes. Since a mystery surrounds the death of the Two Princes, King Henry appreciates a poet's new verse that accuses the dead King Richard the 3rd of murdering the Two Princes. King Henry is so impressed, he pays the poet a pension and makes him a permanent staff member of the king's court.    
Standing Tall in Florence... the Medici Giraffe
Florence gets a giraffe! The Mamluke Sultan of Egypt has been looking for support from Lorenzo the Magnificent of Florence so he sends him a giraffe for his zoo. It causes a sensation and a local painter named Domenico Ghirlandaio [doe-MIN-ih-co GEAR-lahn-DYE-yo] includes the giraffe as part of the background in his painting of Florence life along with the Egyptians who delivered the animal. Domenico ran a painter's workshop. His most famous apprentice will be Michelangelo, sculptor and painter of the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel.    
The Mad War Returns *
The War of the Public Weal (or the Mad War) was organized by the nobles against central control by the king of France. Currently the King of France is Charles the 8th... who is 3 years old. Whenever a king is this young the nobles get restless. It's a power struggle where the nobles are trying to be mini-kings... or perhaps be king of France themselves. This is the Mad War. They called for a truce last year and it's been holding but now Maximilian the 1st has invaded the north of France and chaos ensues. The exact details are not enlightening. Suffice it to say that some people escape. Others are chased. Arrows. Guns shots. Boom. This Mad War will continue until 1488 when the Breton forces will be subdued and the Duke of Orléans is captured.  
This Year in Wikipedia
Year 1486, Wikipedia.
- * The asterisk in the section header indicates that it was read on the podcast.
- Weir, Alison (1992). "Chapter 1 Richard III and the Chroniclers", The Princes in the Tower. New York: Ballantine Books. ISBN 9780307806840. “In its introduction, he praised Richard III lavishly, but in September 1486, under Henry VII, he wrote a poem to mark the birth of Henry's son Arthur, in which he savagely accused Richard of murdering the Princes in the Tower and Henry VI, amongst other crimes. This seems to have won him the King's favour, for that same month Henry granted him a pension and made him his Latin secretary, chaplain and lute player.”
- Arthur, Prince of Wales - Wikipedia (2014). Retrieved on 11 December 2014.
- Elizabeth of York - Wikipedia (2014). Retrieved on 11 December 2014.
- Ingulf. Ingulph's chronicle of the abbey of Croyland with the continuations by Peter of Blois and anonymous writiers. H.G. Bohn.
- George Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Clarence - Wikipedia (2014). Retrieved on 16 December 2014.
- Malvasia (Malmsey) - Wikipedia (2014). Retrieved on 16 December 2014.
- Princes in the Tower - Wikipedia (2014). Retrieved on 16 December 2014.
- Joost-Gaugier, Christiane L. (1987). Lorenzo the Magnificent and the Giraffe as a Symbol of Power. Artibus et Historiae. 8. IRSA s.c.. pp. 91-99. http://www.jstor.org/stable/1483302.
- Medici giraffe - Wikipedia (2014). Retrieved on 12 December 2014.
- Medici Giraffe (painting) - Wikimedia Commons. commons.wikimedia.org (1490). Retrieved on 16 December 2014.
- Lorenzo de' Medici - Wikipedia (2014). Retrieved on 16 December 2014.
- Mad War - Wikipedia (2014). Retrieved on 12 December 2014.
- Charles VIII of France - Wikipedia (2014). Retrieved on 16 December 2014.