Pope Innocent is a Little Too Innocent *
Pope Sixtus the 4th dies at the age of 70. Rodrigo Borgia wants to be Pope but his rival, Giuliano della Rovere, controls enough votes to block him. They decide to pool their votes to elect a non-entity who takes the name of Pope Innocent the 8th. The Pope is a Genoan, so he meets the main qualification... he is not a Venetian. (The Venetians were in bad odor at the time.) As the new Pope starts handing out the benefits of his office, Rodrigo does well, but Giuliano has more influence and will goad the Pope into joining a minor war to support the barons of Naples. It may not seem like much, but that little war will be the first small stone ahead of an avalanche. That avalanche won't hit Italy until the 1500s. In the meantime, Pope Innocent has work to do.    
The People of the Reformation and the 'Pious Ones'
Several key people of the Protestant Reformation and the resistance to that Reformation are born this year.
1. Jón Arason will grow up to become the Roman Catholic bishop for Iceland. He will be executed for his efforts to oppose the Reformation.
2. George Spalatin will become an ordained priest and an important advisor to Reverend Martin Luther.
3. Ulrich Zwingli will become a pastor in Zurich preaching reform of the Catholic Church and criticizing the system of Swiss Mercenaries which not only hired themselves out to various nations but also dedicated themselves to the defense of the Pope's physical person... which the Swiss Guard continue to do into the modern day.   
This Year in Wikipedia
Year 1484, Wikipedia.
- * The asterisk in the section header indicates that it was read on the podcast.
- Meyer, Gerald J. (April 29, 2014). The Borgias: The Hidden History. Amazon.com. Bantam. Retrieved on 12 December 2014. “That evening Rodrigo Borgia and Giuliano della Rovere, both of them controlling enough votes to act as power brokers, met to consider their options. [...] After some discussion the pair of them agreed to join in supporting an unobjectionable nonentity named Giovanni Battista Cibo, a tall, handsome, and mildly genial son of Genoa.”
- Boot, Max. War Made New: Technology, Warfare, and the Course of History. Gotham. ISBN 9781592402229.
- Pope Innocent VIII - Wikipedia (2014). Retrieved on 12 December 2014.
- Pope Sixtus IV - Wikipedia (2014). Retrieved on 12 December 2014.
- Swiss mercenaries - Wikipedia (2014). Retrieved on 14 December 2014.
- Swiss Guard - Wikipedia (2014). Retrieved on 14 December 2014.
- Huldrych Zwingli (Ulrich Zwingli) - Wikipedia (2014). Retrieved on 14 December 2014.
- pedantic. The Free Dictionary (2014). Retrieved on 14 December 2014. “... marked by a narrow, often tiresome focus on or display of learning and especially its trivial aspects: a pedantic writing style; an academic insistence on precision; a bookish vocabulary; donnish refinement of speech; scholastic and excessively subtle reasoning.”
- Misnagdim (Opponents) - Wikipedia (2014). Retrieved on 14 December 2014.
- Hasidic Judaism (Pious or Loving Ones) - Wikipedia (2014). Retrieved on 14 December 2014.