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War of the Roses: By the Grace of God and 10,000 Men

Queen Margaret has been ruling England in place of her incapacitated husband, King Henry the 6th. Unfortunately Queen Margaret is not as politically savvy as Richard of York, so he has become more powerful she fails to bring him to heel. As Richard enters London with 10,000 men at his back, she barely escapes with her son. Along the way, her own attendants rob her but she makes it to safety in Wales. Richard declares himself king but while the Parliament is impressed, they won't remove King Henry. Instead, they name Richard as the new heir apparent. This will do Richard no good when Queen Margaret's forces attack and remove Richard's head. They will place a paper crown on his head, but they missed his son, Edward. Next year he will be crowned King Edward the 4th after locking up Henry the 6th. [1] [2] [3] [4]

My Take by Alex Shrugged
Although trial by combat has been abandoned by this time, the idea that the nobility are favored by the Divine is still a popular notation. It may seem ridiculous that Richard of York could waltz into London and claim the throne for himself and have the Parliament considered it seriously, but the very fact that he could take London by force was an indication to them that he was favored by God. The Divine Right of Kings will suffer serious challenge under John Locke, the English philosopher, when he publishes his "First Treatise" in 1689. Locke is one of the favorites of the Founding Fathers of the United States of America mostly due to his "Second Treatise" on Civil Government and freedom.[5] [6]

This Year in Wikipedia

Year 1460, Wikipedia.

See Also


  1. Meyer, Gerald J. (2010). The Tudors: the Complete Story of England's Most Notorious Dynasty. New York: Delacorte Press. ISBN 9780385340762. “King Henry was captured by the Yorkists in 1460, Margaret of Anjou fleeing first to Wales and then to Scotland, but on December 30 of that year York lost his life in a skirmish. His head, mockingly adorned with a paper crown, was put on public display.” 
  2. Act of Accord - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
  3. Trial by combat - Wikipedia (2014 [last modified]). Retrieved on 4 November 2014.
  4. Weir, Alison (1992). The Princes in the Tower. New York: Ballantine Books. ISBN 9780307806840. “But by 1459 the Queen, according to an anonymous Yorkist chronicler, was 'ruling the realm as her liked', promoting York’s enemies and plotting to crush her rival by force. Civil war broke out again and in September, 1460, after several indecisive battles, York marched on London and, in a move unpopular with both sides, claimed the crown for himself, basing his claim on the right of the heir-general over the heir-male. Parliament would not agree to his demand, but in October passed an Act of Accord which disinherited Prince Edward and recognised York as the King’s heir.” 
  5. Two Treatises of Government: First Treatise - Wikipedia (2014 [last modified]). Retrieved on 4 November 2014.
  6. Divine right of kings - Wikipedia (2014 [last modified]). Retrieved on 4 November 2014.

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