1436

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Hussite Wars: All Things in Moderation

The Hussites have ended their civil war between their various factions and the moderate Utraquists negotiate a treaty with King Sigismund and the Catholic Church. The major demand is to allow the sacrament of the Holy Eucharist to be given to the people as both bread AND wine. They ask for a few other things that, at the time, looked like radical change but to modern Christians will seem logical and obvious. The Catholic Church will not recognize John of Rokycan as the archbishop of Prague but he will remain a crucial part of Church development in Bohemia before the Protestant Reformation. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5]

My Take by Alex Shrugged
This may be one of the few times when the moderates win a battle. Perhaps that is a modern view looking backward at the Utraquist Hussites. In years to come the Hussites will be considered Protestants because they will accept Martin Luther's far reaching reforms. Frankly, the current Hussite demands don't go as far as Rev. Martin Luther will during the Reformation, but they won a lot.

The All Saints' Day Flood and the "Beverly Hills" of Germany

The German Bay of the North Sea (The German Bight) extends from the mouth of the River Elbe to the Jutland peninsula which is mostly Denmark. A massive storm surge on November 1st (All Saints Day) has wiped out several coastal towns. 180 people have drowned in Tetenbüll and the town of Eidum on the island of Sylt is inundated. Eidum has been rebuilt over and over again but the townspeople have had it. They've picked up and moved 2 kilometers inland, establishing the town of Westerland. The few buildings that remain in Eidum will sink below the waves by the 1800s. [6] [7] [8] [9]

My Take by Alex Shrugged
So much of the island coastline of Sylt has been lost to storm surges that Westerland is now a coastal town. It is also a resort for the "jet set". That is why it is called the "Beverly Hills" of Germany. It's economy is based on tourism and it can only be reached by ferry or over a bridge by passenger train. Oddly, for such a ritzy resort setting, camping is allowed on the island. [10]

The Florence Cathedral

The largest masonry domed cathedral in the world is in Florence, Italy. The date of completion is sometimes given as 1434. It was consecrated this year by Pope Eugene the 4th. The reason he is in Florence is because if he was in Rome he'd be killed by rioters. Rome is a dangerous place and has been for a very long time. The Pope will reside in Florence for the next few years. [11] [12]

My Take by Alex Shrugged
The Pope's attempts at Church reform have made some very influential families very angry. While one cannot attribute the riots in Rome to those powerful families, those families did maintain order in the streets, such as it was. Frankly, "order" is a relative term. At that time, Rome looked like Detroit on a bad day. It will take a long while to fix.

This Year in Wikipedia

Year 1436, Wikipedia.

See Also

References

  1. Grun, Bernard. The Timetables of History: A Horizontal Linkage of People and Events. New York: Simon and Schuster. 1991. p. 206. (BOOK) Quote: "Compact of Iglau ends Hussite Wars, Emperor Sigismund being acknowledged as King of Bohemia."
  2. Hussite Wars - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
  3. Jihlava (Iglau) - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
  4. Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
  5. Utraquism - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
  6. All Saints' Day Flood of 1436 - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
  7. German Bight - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
  8. Jutland - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
  9. Sylt - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
  10. Westerland, Germany - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
  11. Filippo Brunelleschi: The Florence Cathedral - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
  12. Florence Cathedral - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]

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