1431

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Joan of Arc On Trial

Joan of Arc has been the savior of France in it's war against the English. Her visions have implied that God is on the side of France (or at least that He doesn't like the English interference). The English cannot let that stand so after she is captured she is prosecuted for heresy. She is a simple woman but not a stupid woman. Her clearly articulated statements of faith make it difficult to convict her so they set out to trick her into heresy and force her into immoral acts. (That means rape.). One of the charges is that she wears men's clothing, a clear violation of the biblical code. (The code exists but if it applied to her one would think her visions would have mentioned it to her.) They set out men's clothes for her so that she either wears them or goes naked. She is convicted of heresy and defying the court by wearing men's clothing. She is burned at the stake. While it is not obvious now, she has set fire to the souls of the French. [1] [2] [3]

Children say that people are hanged sometimes for speaking the truth. -- Joan of Arc at her trial.[4]

My Take by Alex Shrugged
At the trial, Joan signed a simple statement and she agreed not to wear men's clothing again. Yet the English set out men's clothing for her. They switched the short document she signed with a much longer document that made it appear that she admitted to heresy and they tried to rape her. It is difficult to sort out now, but she probably realized that the English would eventually trip her up so she decided to take fate into her own hands and put on the men's clothing. In a few more years the Church will reconsider and find her innocent in 1456. In 1920 she will be sainted. [5] [6] [7]

The Cambodian Flag and Largest Temple in the World

The capital city of the Khemer Empire is Angor located north of Tonlé Sap (meaning Great Lake) in present day Cambodia. In 1283 they were forced to pay tribute to the Mongols and they have been in slow decline with the final blow being the invasion of the Siamese from present day Thailand. The city is sacked and some of population moves west to the capital of Siam. The rest move south to Phnom Penh leaving behind only monks to populate Angkor Wat, the largest religious temple in the world. A simplified image of that temple appears on the Cambodian flag today.[8] [9] [10] [11] [12] [13]

My Take by Alex Shrugged
It has been a long run for the Khemer Empire. They bought some time when they paid off the Mongols. That was a good move, but after infighting between various princes and local wars, it's strength was sapped. The Siamese are actually people who were once under control of the Khemer but broke away and moved south to escape the Plague and eventually grew into the major power. It is best known as the Kingdom of Siam.

The Second King of France

King Henry the 6th of England is crowned King of France at the age of 10. That makes... two kings of France. King Charles the 7th was crowned king of France after being pushed by Joan of Arc to do so.[14]

My Take by Alex Shrugged
In the modern day most people don't realize that the king of England was once king of both England and France. I recently spoke to a previous British subject (now a naturalized American citizen) about this and it would seem that THE BRITISH STILL REMEMBER! Oh yeah.

This Year in Wikipedia

Year 1431, Wikipedia.

See Also

References

  1. 1400-1450 AD: 1431, HistoryCentral.com, 2014 [last update] Quote: "1431 AD Joan of Arc- Burned Alive- Joan of Arc entered Comiegne outside Paris and was taken prisoner. The British held Joan in prison in a tower in Rouen.Charles VII made no effort to assist her. The English in 1431 turn Joan over to the former bishop of the of Beauvais Pierre Cauchon on the assurance she would be convicted of treason against God. She was convicted and burned to death at the stake on May 30, 1431."
  2. Grun, Bernard. The Timetables of History: A Horizontal Linkage of People and Events. New York: Simon and Schuster. 1991. p. 204. (BOOK) Quote: "Joan of Arc burned at the stake at Rouen. Henry VI of England crowned King of France in Paris."
  3. Tuchman, Barbara Wertheim. (Barbara Tuchman, bio). A Distant Mirror: The Calamitous 14th Century. Ballantine, 1979. p. 589. (BOOK) Quote: "All the intensity and relentlessness of the inquisitors was pitted against her to prove the invalidity of her voices. Before the trial, neither Charles VII, who owed her his crown, nor any of the French made any effort to ransom or save her, possibly from nobility's embarrassment at having been led to victory by a village girl."
  4. León, Vicki. Uppity Women of Medieval Times. Berkley: Conari Press. 1997. p. 137. (BOOK)
  5. Joan of Arc: Cross-dressing Charge - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
  6. Retrial of Joan of Arc - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
  7. Canonization of Joan of Arc - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
  8. Angkor Wat - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
  9. 1400-1450 AD: 1431, HistoryCentral.com, 2014 [last update] Quote: "1431 AD Angkor Sacked - Angkor, the capital of the Khmer, was captured and sacked by the Thais. The Khmer Empire was forced to move its capital to the present site of the Cambodian capital Phnom Penh."
  10. Angkor - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
  11. Ayutthaya Kingdom - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
  12. Cambodia - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
  13. Lavo Kingdom - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
  14. Henry VI of England - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]

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