Joan of Arc, the Maiden of Orleans
In 1428 the English laid siege to Orléans and Joan of Arc, now 18 years old, has managed to talk a local lord into providing an armed escort to take her to the provisional King Charles the 7th. After careful examination of her claims by a board of clergy she is judged sane and pious. She insists that she must lead an army to Orléans to break the siege and in fact, this is exactly what she does. Dressed in a man's armor "the Maiden of Orléans" leads her troops to victory and brings about a turn in the 100 Year's War between France and England. She will be known as "the Maiden" and she is in a big hurry. Her visions tell her that she has only a year to accomplish her goals.      
Joan of Arc, A Vision for You
Around the year 1424 Jeanne d'Arc (known to us as Joan of Arc) had a vision of Saint Michael and she was not afraid. Since then she has been visited by various saints, each insisting that she lift the Siege of Orléans... the problem for her being that she was a 13 year-old girl in Medieval France and THERE WAS NO SUCH SIEGE going on (though it was easy enough to guess. Orléans was a well-known strategic location). Once the siege began last year it became obvious to Joan, now 18 years old, as to what she must do. She must lead France in battle against the English.
This Year in Wikipedia
Year 1429, Wikipedia.
- Graham, Amanda. Circumpolar History Timetables: 1400-1449. 2001. (PDF DOCUMENT)
- 1400-1450 AD: 1429, HistoryCentral.com, 2014 [last update] Quote: "1429 AD Joan of Arc Frees Orleans - War between France and England continued on and off, despite various agreements to cease. In 1428 the English began to besiege the Orleans. Joan of Arc a young girl from Lorrain began to have visions and claim to hear voices. She convinced the French dauphin to provide her with a small army and went on to liberate Orleans. This changed the very nature of the conflict giving the French a new sense of confidence in their conflict with England and reinvigorating the French monarchy. Joan convinced the people that the dauphin was the legitimate son of Charles VI and he was crowned King at Reims on July 17, 1429."
- Grun, Bernard. The Timetables of History: A Horizontal Linkage of People and Events. New York: Simon and Schuster. 1991. p. 204. (BOOK) Quote: "Joan of Arc raises siege of Orleans; Charles VII crowned in Rhems. Henry VI crowned at Westminster."
- Huizinga, Johan. The Waning of the Middle Ages. New York: St. Martin's Press. 1985. ISBN 0312855400. p. 222. (BOOK) Quote: "If a man of culture of 1840 had been asked to characterize French civilization in the fifteenth century in a few words, his answer [...] would have been grim and dark, scarcely illuminated by any ray of serenity and beauty. The experiment repeated to-day [that is, 1924] would yield a very different result. People would now refer to Joan of Arc, to Villon's poetry, but above all to the works of art."
- Thurston, Herbert. St. Joan of Arc. The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 8. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1910. 15 Sept. 2014.
- Williamson, Allen. Joan of Arc (Jeanne d'Arc) Archive. 2014 [last update] Quote: "In February 1429 she convinced Lord Robert de Baudricourt to provide an escort of soldiers to bring her to the Royal Court at Chinon. After an eleven-day journey through enemy-held territory, she was allowed to present her case to the Dauphin Charles."
- Alex Shrugged notes: I remember a story of an inspirational Reverend, long dead and buried, and men going off to fight dug him up and used parts of his clothing as some sort of protective amulet. (This is all from memory. I tried to pull up a citation but I just couldn't find it.)
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