1422

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The Death of Two Kings and the Birth of the Tudors

This year will be one wild ride.

  • King Henry the 5th of England and defacto ruler of France will take the town of Meaux [MO], but he will contract dysentery and die at the age of 35. His son, Henry the 6th, will be crowned King of England at nine months old.
  • Mad King Charles of France drops dead in his 50s. That makes Henry the 6th the new King of France at about 11 months old. King Charles' real son, Charles the 7th, who is 20 years old, will claim the kingship... but he won't be crowned until 1429 when Joan of Arc spurs him on to his coronation at Reims Cathedral.

For now, the 100 Years' War will carry on with the French mostly losing until Joan of Arc shows up at the camp, unannounced, dressed in a man's armor and demanding to see King Charles the 7th with a message from God, but for now Joan of Arc is a complete unknown. She is only 10 years old.[1] [2] [3] [4][5][6] [7]

My Take by Alex Shrugged
With King Henry the 5th dead, Queen Catherine is freed up for other activities... like secretly marrying Owen Tudor and giving birth to a dynasty that will one day produce the first Tudor king... but that's a few years away. [8]

A Blind Man Could Win This War... and Will

John "the One-Eyed" Ziska has led his Hussite troops ably but when he lost his other eye in battle last year, one might think he would step down. Instead, he has stepped up. All he had to do was to INVENT MOBILE WARFARE... essentially large war wagons with a mounted cannon. Thick boards will act as armor to protect the troops as they advance on fortified infantry positions. The wagenburg [VAH-gen burg] war wagon will also act as a troop carrier. In the past cannons have been used only to lob huge stone projectiles at castle walls. Now it is being used against the infantry directly. In the Battle of Deutschbrod [DOISH-brood], the Hussites will spank 2,000 Royalist crusaders and hit a supply caravan netting the Hussites the largest amount of loot yet. John "the Blind" Ziska will win this war and his followers will erect a monument in his honor in Prague. It is a mighty bronze statute of John mounted on his horse staring ominously down at you. (Shiver!) It remains the 4th largest bronze equestrian statue in the world today. [9] [10] [11]

My Take by Alex Shrugged
Keep in mind that the Hussites are just peasant farmers and clergymen up against a trained and well-equipped army. They also need money to finance this war, so they are hitting the Royal supply trains looking for stuff to steal and money to pay for the stuff they can't steal. And their raids are raising absolute havoc with the Emperor's logistics! This new war wagon invention is essentially a wooden tank that allows the Hussites to set up a mobile fortified position, also known as a laager. It's like a MOVING CASTLE! (FYI: During World War 2, the word "laager" changed to mean a resupply depot for tanks.) You can find an account of this battle in Geoffrey Hindley's book "Medieval Siege and Siegecraft" (2009) where he focuses on the war wagons and the strategic positioning of forces in these battles. [12] [13] [14]

This Year in Wikipedia

Year 1422, Wikipedia.

See Also

References

  1. Joan of Arc - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
  2. Henry V of England - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
  3. Siege of Meaux - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
  4. Charles VI of France - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
  5. Charles VII of France - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
  6. Grun, Bernard. The Timetables of History: A Horizontal Linkage of People and Events. New York: Simon and Schuster. 1991. p. 202. (BOOK) Quote: "Henry V of England d.; succeeded by nine-month-old Henry VI (-1461). Charles VI of France d.; succeed by Charles VII (-1461)"
  7. Huizinga, Johan. The waning of the Middle Ages. New York: St. Martin's Press. 1985. ISBN 0312855400. p. 39. (BOOK) Quote: "It seems that it was more or less a custom for the funeral of a king of France to be interrupted by a quarrel, of which the object was the possession of the utensils of the ceremony. In 1422 the corporation of the “henouars,” or salt-weighers, of Paris, whose privilege it was to carry the king's corpse to Saint-Denis, came to blows with the monks of the abbey, as both parties claimed the pall covering the bier of Charles VI."
  8. Owen Tudor - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
  9. Grun, Bernard. The Timetables of History: A Horizontal Linkage of People and Events. New York: Simon and Schuster. 1991. p. 202. (BOOK) Quote: "Blind Hussite general John Ziska of Trocnov (d. 1424) defeats the imperial army near Prague."
  10. Jan Žižka (John Ziska) - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
  11. Rabí Castle - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
  12. Hindley, Geoffrey. Medieval Siege and Siegecraft. New York: Skyhorse Publishing. 2009. pp. 106-108. (BOOK) Quote: "The wagons could be maneuvered almost like battle tanks (light field guns could be mounted through the ports)."
  13. Jones, Diana Wynne. Howl's Moving Castle. New York: Greenwillow Books. 1986. ISBN 0688062334 (FANTASY NOVEL)
  14. Laager (wagenburg) - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]

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