Richard and the Barons
King Richard II of England is deeply worried about the barons and with good reason. Years earlier his Uncle Thomas of Woodstock, 1st Duke of Gloucester, had organized the nobles in the Lords Appellant... a legal body formed to restrain the tyrannical actions of the King. They succeeded and in the violent reaction many people lost their heads. What the Lords failed to do was to remove King Richard. They believed they were teaching the King a lesson, but all the King learned was to be more ruthless than ever. This year the King has dissolved the Lords Appellant and has his Uncle Thomas arrested. As Thomas awaits trial, he is murdered by supporters of the King. That will only strengthen the resolve of the nobles and the King's cousin, Henry the 4th. Henry will come to a decision. Henry will become King, but not until after his father, John of Gaunt, dies.   
Dick Whittington and His Cat
Dick Whittington is a merchant and well known to King Richard the 2nd of England mostly because Dick has been selling stuff to the King to the tune of 2.5 million dollars in present day money. Dick has also been lending the King money. Unfortunately, the current Mayor of London has dropped dead so, the King has appointed Dick as Lord Mayor of London which is different from just Mayor of London. His responsibilities extend beyond the city limits to the greater London area and he takes his responsibilities seriously. He is a man of charity and will fund a drainage system for the poor areas of London and fund a hospital ward for unwed mothers. He will be elected four times as Lord Mayor. When King Richard is deposed, Dick Whittington will survive. He has been selling things to Henry the 4th, the future king, too. Dick will be remembered into the modern day because of a series of children's stories telling of the adventures of Dick Whittington and his cat. 
Queen Margaret and the Kalmar Union
Queen Margaret of Denmark has been an uncommon noblewoman. Her father was King of Denmark and after she was married off to the King of Norway they had a son, Olaf the 2nd. When Margaret's father died, Olaf was declared King of Denmark and "the True King of Sweden." Olaf was 5 years old so Queen Margaret ran Denmark until Olaf could grow up. After Olaf's father died, he became King of Norway as well, combining in one ruler, the countries of Sweden, Denmark, Finland, Norway, Iceland and Greenland. Unfortunately Olaf died at 16 leaving his mother, Queen Margaret, as sole ruler. This was considered incorrect by law, but Margaret wasn't listening. She unified the countries into the Kalmar Union. While the nobles were unhappy with Margaret they hold together because of a common enemy: the German Merchant Guild ... otherwise known as the Hanseatic League. The League fights pirates and imposes standards on its membership... often vigorously, and it has the muscle to do it.    
This Year on Wikipedia
Year 1397, Wikipedia.
- Henry IV of England - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
- Jones, Michael. (and other editors)The New Cambridge Medieval History Volume 6: c.1300-c.1415. Cambridge University Press. 2000. ISBN: 978-0521362900. pp. 297-333. (BOOK)
- Lords Appellant - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
- Richard Whittington - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
- - Dick Whittington and his Cat - YouTube. Hoghton Pantomime Society. Performed January 2014. (VIDEO) Length=2:27:36.
- Steel, Flora Annie. Dick Whittington and his Cat. The Baldwin Project: English Fairy Tales. 2014 [last update] (TEXT)
- Dick Whittington and His Cat - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
- 1300-1400 AD, from History Central, Multieducator, Inc. (TIMELINE) quote="1397 AD Union of Kalamar - Magaret Queen of Sweden completed the conquest of Denmark and Norway. She then went on to form the Kalamar League, which became a Union of all three countries."
- Kalmar Union - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
- Margaret I of Denmark - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
- Olaf II of Denmark - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
- Kurlansky, Mark. Salt: A World History. New York:Penguin Books. 2002. (BOOK)