Wycliffe and His Subversive Bible
"For each man that shall be damned shall be damned by his own guilt, and each man that is saved shall be saved by his own merit." -- John Wycliffe
Last year the Oxford lecturer, John Wycliffe, released a partial translation of the Bible into Middle English, the language of the people, but one of the leaders of the Peasant's Revolt is a Lollard (a follower of Wycliffe) so an Oxford committee is formed to review John Wycliffe's work and fearing government retribution and God's own wrath, Wycliffe is prohibited from lecturing. King Richard II later has him expelled. Copying and distribution of Wycliffe's Bible will continue even though possession of such a Bible is now considered heresy. At this time Bible reading from the Latin is perform by the clergy and only selected stories or Psalms are presented to the public in English but the usual sense of trust and authority granted to the Church is breaking down. Some people want to know what the Bible actually says and they are willing to risk their necks to find out.       
Aztecs: The Beginnings of Empire
The village of Tenochtitlan [teh-nosh-TIT-lahn] has grown into a city-state. They have already begun construction of the Great Temple, Templo Mayor [TEMP-low mah-YOUR] and they have already named their first king, Acamapichtli [ah-cama-PICT-lee] but in Aztec hierarchy at this time, it amounts to little more than an interim governor. His father is from the Mexica tribe that established the city of Tenochtitlan [teh-nosh-TIT-lahn] and his mother is a princess of another tribe with really good connections. It is a shrewd a political move that would impress any European dynasty. This year he is elevated to commander-in-chief and ruler.     
This Year on Wikipedia
Year 1382, Wikipedia.
- Bull of Pope Gregory XI, Against John Wycliffe. Internet History Sourcebooks Project, fordham.edu, 1382.
- Wycliffe's Bible - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
- Wycliffe, John. (translator) John Wycliffe Bible - Internet Archive. 1382 (BIBLE) note: This Bible translation is in Middle English. Those who read Modern English could probably read through 50% of it, guess at many other words but some words will be incomprehensible without a Middle English dictionary.
- Tuchman, Barbara Wertheim. (Barbara Tuchman, bio). A Distant Mirror: The Calamitous 14th Century. Ballantine, 1979. pp. 347-350. (BOOK) quote="When he had preached disendowment of the Church's temporal property, Wyclif had had powerful friends, but when he rejected the sacerdotal system, his patrons, fearing heresy arid the jaws of Hell, withdrew. In 1381 a council of twelve doctors of the University of Oxford was to pronounce eight of his theses unorthodox and fourteen heretical, and to prohibit him from further lecturing or preaching. Though his voice was silenced, his work spread through dissemination of the Bible in English."
- LastName, FirstName. The Peasants' Revolt and the Blackfriars Trial, lwbc.co.uk, 2009 [last update]
- Lollardy - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
- Jerome: Translations and Commentaries - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
- John Dewey - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
- Aguilar-Moreno, Manuel. Handbook to Life in the Aztec World. New York: Facts on File, Infobase Publishing. 2006. pp. 29, 227-228.
- Gold, Ryszard. The Visual History: 1300 CE. 2010.
- Tenochtitlan - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
- Acamapichtli - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
- Templo Mayor - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
- Afghanistan - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
- Hamid Karzai - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
- Pashtun people - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
- Northern Alliance - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
- Tajik people - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]