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Mongols: China, Tamerlane and the New Iran

The Ming dynasty has finally overthrown the Yuan Mongols of China. The kahnate of Kublai Khan is no more but in this chaos, there is opportunity. Tamerlane has taken the throne of Samarkand in current day Uzbekistan and is using his position to "help" the Mongols of the neighboring khanates. In this year and the next, Tamerlane will begin his moves to take western Asia. He will use a simple system to count his battle losses. Before a battle, small stones are counted out in a pile and each soldier picks up a stone. After the battle they return the stones to the pile and the stones are counted. The difference in the stone counts mark the number of men Tamerlane lost in a battle. [1] [2]

My Take by Alex Shrugged
It is during this time that Persia, as a country, has consolidated. Without the Mongols, it would not have been possible. According to historian J.J. Saunders: "In this interval Mongol Persia perished, or rather, men of Mongol race and descent ceased to govern the people of Iran. The Mongols inflicted dreadful injuries on Persia, yet their record, though incredibly bloody, was not entirely negative. Under their harsh stimulus, a national consciousness emerged. Persian replaced Arabic as the language of Muslim culture east of the Tigris, the arts and astronomical sciences were promoted, the country was thrown open to influences both from China and from Europe, and the first genuine universal history was compiled under their aegis." [3]

Why Charles is called Wise

In the modern day, the Louvre is best known as the French art gallery where the Mona Lisa resides but the Louvre won't become an art gallery until 1678. In 1368, it is a fortress in the process of becoming the royal residence. King Charles the Wise of France has now established a library in the Louvre. A candle will remain lit at all times so that the King may read. He will commission translations of the Great Works such as those of St. Augustine and Euclid. He will also have Nicolas Oresme, a scientist, produce a plain language explanation on the theory of a stable currency. Claude Mallet, the king's valet de chambre (a position reserved for artists, musicians and the like), will serve as the first librarian. [4] [5] [6] [7] [8]

My Take by Alex Shrugged
After the ridiculous things King Charles did in the past one wonders why he would be called wise. We can cut him some slack because he has been told by an expert that he might drop dead at any moment. This may explain why he plays hard and why he works hard. King Charles is called "The Wise" because of his promotion of education and creating a library that makes available important works in the French language. Today the French National Library is the repository for all French publications. In the United States, the Library of Congress serves a similar function. [9]

This Year on Wikipedia

Year 1368, Wikipedia.

See Also


  1. Mongol History and Chronology from Ancient Times by Per Inge Oestmoen, 2001-Feb-24. quote="1368: The last Mongol emperor of the Mongol Yuan dynasty of China, Toghan Temur, is driven out of China."
  2. Grun, Bernard. The Timetables of History: A Horizontal Linkage of People and Events. New York: Simon and Schuster. 1991. pp. 194-195. (BOOK) quote="Mongol Yuan Dynasty Overthrown", "Timur ascends the throne of Samarkand", "Restoration of Great Wall of China"
  3. Saunders, John Joseph. (J.J. Saunders, bio). The History of the Mongol Conquests. University of Pennsylvania Press, 2001. p. 146. (BOOK)
  4. Tuchman, Barbara Wertheim. (Barbara Tuchman, bio). A Distant Mirror: The Calamitous 14th Century. Ballantine, 1979. pp. 238-239. (BOOK) quote="As a man of inquiring mind, interested in cause and effect, and in philosophy, science, and literature, he formed one of the great libraries of his age, which was installed in the Louvre, where he maintained a second residence.
  5. Bibliothèque nationale de France - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
  6. Louvre Palace - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
  7. Charles V of France - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
  8. Nicole Oresme - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
  9. Library of Congress - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]

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