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Practicing without a License and Too Well

Unofficially, women of the Middle Ages hold many men's roles without a license but Jacoba Felicie has had the temerity to be "wiser in the art of surgery and medicine than the greatest master or doctor or surgeon in Paris" and never asking for money unless her patient is cured. Male doctors are not allowed to touch women but female doctors can. Doctors are licensed because of untrained practitioners handing out opiates (pain-killers) instead of seeking a real cure but Jacoba Felicie was practicing medicine better than any trained physician. Thus she and three other women were immediately excommunicated and paid a fine of sixty Parisian livres or about $48,613 at today's rate of exchange. [1] [2] [3]

My Take by Alex Shrugged
The gender equality issue is relatively minor. The real issue is suppression of competition. The establishment doctors trained at the University are using licensing regulations as a tool to stifle competition. Felicie is acknowledged to be well-trained but not by the University and being a woman she is likely to cure more women than any man could since she has the advantage of being able to touch her women patients. That is why she was singled out for prosecution. It was all about the money. If she had killed her patients it wouldn't have been such a problem because the doctors could then say, "See what happens when you use an unlicensed physician?"

A Merciful Death

Thomas, 2nd Earl of Lancaster was the defacto ruler of England ever since he forced King Edward II of England to accept the Ordinances of 1311 and led the war of the Barons against the Despensers. Now the Earl is on trial where he cannot give testimony, nor is there anyone to defend him. His accusers, the Despencers, are his judges and the only mercy he will receive is when King Edward lessens the sentence to a simple beheading. In later years Parliament will pardon the Earl of Lancaster and restore his lands to his heirs. In 1942 some of his bones will be found in a box at an Essex auction house. One assumes they were returned though there is no mention of it. [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12]

My Take by Alex Shrugged
The Parliament was gracious enough to pardon the now dead Earl of Lancaster but only after King Edward II had been forced to abdicate his throne. There is a reason that the Barons have been opposing King Edward. He is either incompetent or easily manipulated so that the Barons have felt extremely uncomfortable with his rule. They have also been taking a terrible economic beating due to the Great Famine and the excessive war taxation the King has imposed throughout.

The Templar Curse Continues

King Philip the Tall is dead at the age of 29. In 1314 the Grand Templar was burned at the stake with his last words being a mighty curse that the King of France and his heirs would soon join him at the judgement seat. That curse has been working all too well. King Philip the Tall is dead of dysentery. He joins his brother King Philip the Fair (dead a few months after the curse), and King Louis the Headstrong (dead at age 26) and King John I of France (dead at age 5 days old). The King will be succeed by King Charles IV who will die at age 33. The curse continues. [13] [14] [15] [16] [17]

My Take by Alex Shrugged
War seems to be destroying any hope of recovery from the Great Famine. Attacks on the Jews and a real threat to the Pope in Avignon is keeping everyone off balance. When King Charles IV dies without a clear heir it is going spark what will eventually be called the "100 Year War" with England only it won't be 100 years. It will be MORE than that but apparently no one can count any more.

See Also


  1. Green, Monica H. (Professor of History, Arizona State University). Getting to the Source: The Case of Jacoba Felicie and the Impact of the Portable Medieval Reader on the Canon of Medieval Women's History. Presentation given at the 41st Annual International Medieval Congress. May 2006. (PDF)
  2. Tuchman, Barbara Wertheim (Barbara Tuchman, bio). A Distant Mirror: The Calamitous 14th Century. Ballantine, 1979. p 216. (BOOK)
  3. French Livre - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
  4. Jordan, William Chester, The Great Famine: Northern Europe in the Early Fourteenth Century, Princeton University Press, December 15, 1997. p. 84. (BOOK)
  5. Thomas, 2nd Earl of Lancaster, englishmonarchs.co.uk, 2014 [last update]
  6. Hickey, Julia A. (M.A., English and History, University of Kent) Thomas of Lancaster, Second Earl of Lancaster. The History Jar. 2003-Apr-28
  7. Luminarium Encyclopedia: Thomas, Earl of Lancaster (c.1277-1322), Excerpted from: Encyclopedia Britannica, 11th Ed. Vol XVI. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1910. 148.
  8. Pontefract Castle - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
  9. Rudsdale, E. J. (Curator, Colchester Castle Museum) The Earl of Lancaster's Bones, wwar2homefront.blogspot.com, 1942-Jan-31.
  10. Hugh le Despenser, 1st Earl of Winchester - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
  11. Hugh Despenser the Younger - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
  12. Edward II of England - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
  13. Philip V of France (The Tall) - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
  14. John I of France (The Posthumous) - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
  15. Louis X of France (The Headstrong) - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
  16. Philip IV of France (The Fair) - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]
  17. Dysentery - Wikipedia, 2014 [last update]

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