It's a Global Law for a Global Economy... Except... No Globe
King Edward I of England, laid down the law in 1280 when he issued the Lex Mercatoria which established procedures for settling business disputes more cost effectively than in Common Court. Then, in 1285, the King established a business court for foreign merchants to settle disputes amongst themselves. Now the King has issued the "Carta Mercatoria" which establishes relations with the Hansa (a confederation of German merchants whose rules and regulations were popular throughout Europe) and require any commercial dispute between local and foreign merchants to have a jury composed of half foreigners and half locals. It won't be until 1353 when King Edward III will draw a distinct barrier between the Merchant and Common Law. In the years to come the French will complain that England has become an aristocracy of merchants.  
University Students Can Get Away with Murder
In a papal bull, Pope Boneface VIII converts an ongoing private educational corporation into the Pope's first institution for higher learning. Sapienza University of Rome will teach the clergy in a formal way under better control. In the Middle Ages most of the high-level Church leadership are well-educated but at the local level most of the priests and monks are reciting services by rote, without a lot of understanding so this university idea will produce a more consistent and professional clergy. Also, the students are protected by clerical rules. They are considered like priests and therefore can only be tried for crimes in a religious court where the defendant is "presumed innocent". But the rules of evidence are onerous, so it is difficult to convict a student of a crime. Thus students often "get away with murder" in the literal sense.    
Going "Jim Jones" in India
It is love at first sight for Sultan Alauddin Khilji as he catches a glance of Queen Rani Padmini of Chittor in the mirror. He immediately works for an exchange. Then he lays siege to the city like the Romans did at Masada (Israel). Chittor stands NO CHANCE against the Sultan in battle but their motto seems to be "Victory or Death" so they gird their loins and open the gates. It's a slaughter. By the time the Sultan enters the city, all the Chittor men are dead and the women and children have thrown themselves into the fire in an act of holy suicide... including his beloved Queen Rani. Alauddin Khilji rules a kingdom spanning northern India and beyond. He has repelled the Mongols and thrived. He has everything a man could want except the woman he loves.       
- Munro, John H.. Taylor and Francis, Ltd.. The Medieval Origins of the Financial Revolution: Usury, Rentes, and Negotiability. The International History Review, Vol. 25, No. 3 (Sep., 2003), pp. 505-562. <http://www.jstor.org/stable/40109398>
- FYI, the "aristocracy of merchants" remark comes from Alex Shrugged's memory of his reading. He believes it comes from Norman F. Cantor's "Inventing the Middle Ages" but he can't lay his finger on the exact citation right now.
- Hanseatic League, Wikipedia
- Exodus 22:11, This bible reference was used in English Law to establish the facts in a case.
- Negotiable Instrument, Wikipedia
- Wager of Law, Wikipedia
- Sapienza University of Rome, Official web site (English)
- Sapienza University of Rome, Wikipedia
- Studium/Medieval University, Wikipedia
- Ecclesiastical Court, Wikipedia
- Pope Benedict XVI's Speech, Planned but not given (Translated into English)
- Papal visit scuppered by scholars, from BBC News, 15 January 2008.
- Hundreds Rally Against Notre Dame's Obama Invite, Katherine T. Phan, Christian Post Reporter, April 6, 2009
- The Khilji Dynasty: Alauddin Khilji, from Web India 123. (WEB)
- Allauddin Khilji Biography, from Maps of India, February 1, 2014. (WEB)
- Medieval History of India: Alauddin Khilji, from I Love India,
- Masada Desert Fortress, from the Jewish Virtual Library
- Alauddin Khilji, Wikipedia.
- Rani Padmini, Wikipedia.
- "Jim Jones" Mass Suicide, Wikipedia