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Promises Made, Promises Kept, Sort of

Legend has it that King Edward I of England had promised the people of Wales that he would appoint a ruler over them that was born in Wales and didn't speak a word of English. True to his word (but not true to the spirit) he names his own son, Edward II as the Prince of Wales. The Prince was born in a Welsh castle in April of 1284 and at the age of 7 he spoke French which was the language of the English nobility. From this time forward, the heir apparent to the crown of England is appointed as Prince of Wales. [1] [2]

My Take by Alex Shrugged
I'm suspicious of such a legend but it seems logical that King Edward I of England arranged to have his son born in Wales to foster the loyalty of the Welsh. The King was depending on the Welch archers to defeat the Scots. [3]

A Dead Woman Claims the Throne

If you will recall, Margaret, Maid of Norway and Queen of Scots died as a little girl on her way to claim the throne of Scotland, in many ways causing a succession crisis that expanded into the current Scottish War of Independence. But now a 40 year old woman has shown up in Norway, claiming to be the real Margaret, held captive all these years. But even people in the Middle Ages could count. If the real Margaret were alive she would be 17 years old... not 40. With too many Margarets to account for, King Haakon of Norway has this extra one burned at the stake. [4] [5]

My Take by Alex Shrugged
I agree with Norwegian historian Peter Andreas Munch that this "False Margaret" was part of a conspiracy of the nobles to weaken King Haakon of Norway with a succession controversy. That also explains why the execution was delayed until the King could arrive to witness the execution himself.

Florence Goes Straight to Hell

After a failed constitution for Florence, the Black and White factions are battling each other for power. As the Blacks sweep though the city with an army backed by the Pope, a particular White will be sentenced to death or exile from the city... Dante Alighieri, the FUTURE author of The Divine Comedy, usually known by the name of the first part: Dante's Inferno. He has not yet written this poem, but his experiences this year and his trial and exile next year will figure into The Divine Comedy. His wife and children will remain in Florence. [6] [7] [8] [9]

My Take by Alex Shrugged
The Pope was actually siding against his own supporters. It was a total mess and quite embarrassing to all. Dante took care in The Divine Comedy to beat up on all Popes that involved themselves in politics. [10]

See Also


  1. Welcome to Caernarfon Caernarfon Castle
  2. Caernarfon Castle, Wikipedia
  3. Battle of Falkirk, Wikipedia
  4. False Margaret by Meaghan Good, The Charley Project, July 20, 2012
  5. Margaret, Maid of Norway, Wikipedia
  6. The Divine Comedy:Inferno:Canto X by Dante Alighieri, from The Harvard Classics, 1909-14
  7. Dante is Exiled from Florence, This Day in History, The History Channel
  8. Dante Alighieri, Wikipedia
  9. Divine Comedy, Wikipedia
  10. Dante Alighieri (1265-1321), Petri Liukkonen and Ari Pesonen, 2008

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