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The Year Without Summer

World-wide temperatures will drop almost 3 degrees Fahrenheit in a single year. Known as "The Year without Summer", crops will fail, people will starve. This disaster was caused by a MASSIVE volcanic eruption eight times the size of Krakatoa. The aftermath will drag on until 1262. [1] [2]

My Take by Alex Shrugged
"The Year without Summer" lasted for about 4 years. The temperatures recovered relatively quickly (half of it coming back within a year) but it was still very bad. How does one prepare for FOUR YEARS without a decent crop? FYI, the Mini-Ice Age won't be due for another 100 years (some say it began in the year 1350) but it's coming and it's going to last a very long time.

The Arab Super-Civilization is Wiped Out Forever

The Mongols delivered the death blow to an already failing Muslim civilization by killing the last Abbasid caliph and destroying Baghdad....not just capturing it.... not just subjugating it. DESTROYING IT. The grand Muslim super-civilization that people talk about ends here. [3] [4]

My Take by Alex Shrugged
I hear "Muslims were a mighty civilization" whenever someone wants to excuse Muslims of today. Nevertheless, being civilized doesn't mean you can defend your civilization from those less civilized. There is a lesson in that.

Simon de Montfort Forces a "Constitution" on King Henry III

Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester forces King Henry III to accept the Oxford Provisions, creating a governing committee with only half of the appointees coming from the King, half from the barons, two more elected by the committee itself and with Parliament overseeing the committee. The King will find a way to wiggle out of the Oxford Provisions, but Simon de Montfort will become the de facto ruler of England...for a short while. [5]

My Take by Alex Shrugged
Regarding Simon de Montfort, I submit this headline because I hear a common refrain of "Constitutional Convention" bandied about. It may not be the "fix" everyone thinks it will be.

See Also


  1. "The Mysterious Missing Eruption of 1258 A.D." by Erik Klementti, assitant professor of Geosciences at Denison University.
  2. "Mass grave in London reveals how volcano caused global catastrophe" by Dalya Alberge, The Observer, Saturday 4 August 2012
  3. "1258: Al-Musta'sim, the last Abbasid Caliph", Headsman, February 20th, 2009
  4. "Iraq: Historical Setting, Library of Congress Country Study, The Abbasid Caliphate, 750-1258", in the public domain
  5. "Reforms of Simon de Montfort (1258-65)", maintained by Jon Roland of the Constitution Society

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